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2019年10月23日 09:22:58来源:光明信息

A policeman#39;s lot may not be a happy one – but it certainly has its lighter moments.警察的工作也许并不轻松愉快——但是这份工作中肯定也有比较轻松的一面。Officers in the West Country have revealed how some of the most bizarre callouts involve fancy dress, including a brawling traffic cone, a thieving Sherlock Holmes and a drunk Jesus.英国西南部的警察们近日吐槽了一些相当奇葩的报警电话,这些报警电话都与易装相关,有与人发生争执的“交通锥标”,有偷东西的“福尔斯”,还有酗酒的“耶稣”。Officers in Devon and Cornwall have attended 31 crimes committed by people in fancy dress in the last 18 months.在过去的一年半里,德文郡和康沃尔郡的警官们已经查处了31起当事人身穿易装的违法案例。Devon and Cornwall police revealed call-outs involving people wearing fancy dress - including one man dressed as Sherlock Holmes who walked out of a pub without paying.德文郡和康沃尔郡的警官们吐槽那些涉及身穿易装的当事人的报警案件——其中包括这样一起案件,一个装扮成夏洛克·福尔斯的人在小酒馆里吃霸王餐。In March police were called out to a ‘massive disorder’ involving a king, a jockey and abobsleigh team in Torquay when one person was arrested for being drunk and disorderly.在3月份,在英国托基,有人报警称发生“大规模动乱”,当事人是一个国王,一个小丑和一队雪车运动员,其中一人因酗酒和扰乱公共治安被捕。#39;French Spiderman#39; is back out doing what he does best as he scales huge Russian skyscraper (and this time he isn#39;t arrested).一位“法国蜘蛛侠”复出并操起了老本行,爬上了一幢俄式的天大楼(不过这一次他没有被捕)。The same month they visited a drunken Jesus on a stag and dealt with a bumblebee and a Super Mario riding bikes.同在三月,在这个海滨小城里,警察们还拜访过一位骑着牡鹿的,伶仃大醉的耶稣,与一只“大黄蜂”交涉过,还遇到过一个骑自行车的“超级马里奥”。Other incidents included a fighting sheep and Cat Woman going missing in Plymouth.在另外一些案件中,还有跟人打架的山羊,在普利茅斯失踪的猫女等等。 /201410/336227。

  • All Adam Harteau and his wife, Emily, wanted to do was take an epic 23,000-mile, 20-country road trip to the southernmost tip of South America and back. Everything that followed — the blog, the corporate sponsorships, the cookbook they’re writing, the export business — has been a savvy improvisation.亚当·哈尔托(Adam Harteau)和太太埃米莉(Emily)的初衷就是想踏上一段2.3万英里(约合3.7万公里),横跨20国,最终抵达南美洲的最南端并折返的公路旅程。之后发生的事情——客、企业赞助、他们正在写的烹饪书,以及代购生意,都是灵机一动的即兴之举。The Harteaus, who live in Los Angeles, are travelers in the sleep-in-your-VW-van hippie tradition. Before their trip, Mr. Harteau, 35, had pursued various entrepreneurial ventures while trying to become a full-time fine artist. Mrs. Harteau, 32, worked in the fashion industry and competed on “Project Runway.” Unfulfilled by their jobs and dejected after an opportunity to work on a movie in Nepal fell through, the couple decided to turn their 1990 Volkswagen Vanagon Westfalia camper, which has a propane stove, an electric refrigerator and a foldout bed, into a rolling micro apartment.哈尔托一家来自洛杉矶。他们是可以睡在大众房车里,有着嬉皮士传统的旅行者。在此行之前,今年35岁的哈尔托先生在追逐着成为全职艺术家的梦想的同时,已经尝试过各种各样的创业机会。哈尔托太太今年32岁,在时尚界工作,曾参与过《天桥骄子》(Project Runway)节目的选拔。但工作并没有给他们带来足够的满足感,于是在一次去尼泊尔拍摄电影的机会泡汤后,两夫妻决定将他们的露营车变成移动的微型公寓。这辆1990年款的大众凡拉冈威斯法利露营车(Volkswagen Vanagon Westfalia)配有气炉、电冰箱和一张折叠床。“We loved the idea of bringing our home with us,” Mr. Harteau said. “We could live in our van and drive to South America, and it would be awesome.”“把家带着走这个点子我们都很喜欢,”哈尔托先生说。“我们住在车里,将车开去南美,这肯定会棒极了。”If this was the 1960s and the Harteaus were traveling in a VW van, they might have raised gas money by selling handicrafts or hash oil. In the Internet era, they turned to social media, initiating a Kickstarter campaign.如果这是在60年代,哈尔托一家也许会卖手工制品或大麻油来赚取汽油钱。在互联网时代的今天,他们转向了社交媒体,通过Kickstarter网站来集资。Our Open Road, as the couple called the project, would include a blog with travel photos and s. And because they were bringing their infant daughter, Colette, it would serve as “a modern family portrait.”两夫妻将旅行项目取名为Our Open Road,其中包括一个展示旅行照片和视频的客。因为带着他们的小女儿科莱特(Colette)一起上路,这个客同样充当着“现代版的全家福”。Kickstarter forbids “fund my life” projects like family vacations. But the couple framed the journey as creative inspiration for Mr. Harteau’s art and promised an exhibition of his photography, collages and other artwork upon their return, thereby skirting the rule. Funders embraced their proposal to the tune of more than ,000, and a year ago the Harteaus set off in their Westfalia.Kickstarter不允许家庭旅行一类的“生活资助”项目的集资。不过,夫妻俩将旅程包装成哈尔托先生的艺术创意灵感之旅,并承诺归来后展览途中的摄影作品和拼贴画等艺术作品,钻了规定的空子。赞助者们也欣然接受了他们的提案,最终的筹资金额达1.6万美元(约合10万元人民币)。于是,哈尔托一家在一年前开着他们的威斯法利上路了。In Mexico, they camped on the beach and surfed the big Pacific swells.在墨西哥,他们在沙滩上露营,在太平洋的大海潮里冲浪。In Colombia, they spent a week in a fishing village where the wood-frame houses and boats were painted in vibrant primary colors.他们在哥伦比亚的渔村度过了一个星期,那里的木屋和木船都被涂成明亮的三原色。In the Sacred Valley of the Incas, in Peru, Mrs. Harteau felt moved to climb onto the VW’s roof, strip off her clothes and pose naked. And after a serendipitous encounter with a religious pilgrim, the Harteaus found themselves attending the raucous Catholic festival known as Qoyllur Rit’I, held on a Peruvian glacier.秘鲁的印加圣谷让哈尔托太太为之动容,于是她爬到车顶脱掉衣赤身留影。当不期而遇宗教朝圣者后,他们一家又机缘巧合地参加了在秘鲁冰川举行的喧闹的天主教Qoyllur Rit’l庆典。“That’s the thrill and beauty and dance of having time on the road,” Mrs. Harteau said, sounding like a Kerouac character.“这就是旅途中的兴奋、美好和雀跃,”说这句话时,哈尔托太太像是凯鲁亚克书中的人物。Along the way, the couple have relayed their adventures using their blog and Instagram feed. And it turns out that watching someone else take the trip of a lifetime has a certain appeal for the home- or deskbound.他们夫妻俩用客和Instagram分享他们沿途的见闻和探险经历。事实明,旁观别人一辈子只有一次的旅程,对于埋头家庭事务和伏案工作的人来说,有着相当的吸引力。Mr. Harteau’s color-saturated photos showcase lush Andean hillsides, his daughter embraced by villagers, the organic meals his wife whips up with fresh local ingredients and the Westfalia lit by the glow of a beachside campfire. Snowcapped mountains and rainbows seem to follow the family wherever they go.哈尔托先生色鲜艳的照片展现了郁郁葱葱的安第斯山脉、被村民拥抱的女儿、妻子利用当地新鲜食材匆匆制作的有机餐,以及沙滩旁的篝火映照下的威斯法利。似乎他们去的每一处都不乏虹和白雪皑皑的山峦。To accompany the images, Mrs. Harteau writes journal-like entries in a tone that is equal parts National Geographic (“The Otavale#241;o women are easily recognizable by their gold necklaces”), Carlos Castaneda-esque musings on the transcendence of travel (“We walk, we breath, we listen to the magical pitch of our toddlers laugh”) and advertorial (“Adam made this board with the help from our friends at Foam-EZ”).为了配合图片,哈尔托太太写下日记形式的条目,一部分用《国家地理》(National Geographic)的语调(“奥塔瓦洛的女人们很容易通过她们的金项链认出来”),或者带有卡洛斯·卡斯塔尼达(Carlos Castaneda)般的超越旅行本身的沉思(“我们走路,我们呼吸,我们听着小朋友大笑时的魔音”),亦或广告式的文体(“亚当在Foam-EZ的朋友帮助下做成了这块冲浪板。)Joni Sternbach, a photographer and professor at the International Center of Photography, is one of the 59,000 traveling vicariously through the Harteaus’ Instagram feed. For her, they embody a free-spirited vision of family life. “I raise two kids in New York City, and my travel was fairly limited,” she said. “They travel around, are able to be creative, have a kid and do all of these things at the same time. I think it’s pretty miraculous.”约妮·施特恩巴赫(Joni Sternbach)是一位摄影师,也是国际摄影中心(International Center of Photography) 的教授。她和其他5.9万人一起跟随哈尔托夫妇的Instagram感受着他们一家的旅程。对她来说,他们代表的是自由自在家庭生活的景象。“我在纽约抚养两个小孩,很少有机会出去旅游,”她说。“他们四处旅行,有创造性,带着孩子的同时还能做所有的这一切。我觉得非常的不可思议。”Bailey Richardson, community manager for Instagram, spotlights users she finds interesting; she discovered Our Open Road through a group of van travelers. “I thought it was a cool story of these people from L.A., these surfers, who are deciding to raise their kid on the road,” Ms. Richardson said. “That they are a family makes it especially compelling.”贝利·理查森(Bailey Richardson)是Instagram的社区经理,负责捕捉她认为有意思的用户。她通过一个野营车旅行者的群发现了Our Open Road。“我觉得来自洛杉矶的冲浪者决定让他们的小孩在旅程中长大的故事很酷,”理查森说。“而他们这个家庭尤为令人着迷。”The Harteaus initially planned to be gone for a year. But somewhere around Month 4, the couple decided to “slow our roll,” as they told their blog ers. They returned to California to take a break last summer and then, earlier this month, flew back to Lima, Peru, where they had stowed their Westfalia, to begin Year 2.哈尔托一家原本计划出走一年。但在出发后大约4个月的某一天,他们在客上告诉读者,决定“慢慢来”。去年夏天回到加州休整后,他们在本月初飞回秘鲁的利马开始第二年的旅程。他们之前将威斯法利暂留在此地。In photos, the Harteaus are the picture of outdoorsy California-style good health: he is bearded, muscled and surf-tumbled; she is sun-freckled and yoga-lean; and baby Colette is smiling and engaged. Their temperament, too, reflects a West Coast chill that one imagines is necessary if a couple is going to travel together for months, living in a van the size of a small walk-in closet, without freaking out or filing for divorce.从照片看来,哈尔托一家有着十足的热爱大自然、加州范儿的健康身体。他留胡子,肌肉发达,喜欢在海里冲浪翻滚;而她有着晒出来的雀斑和瑜伽练就的好身材;小女儿科莱特总在笑,喜爱与人交流。 一对夫妻共同旅行数月,住在步入式衣帽间大小般的露营车里,还能不崩溃不离婚,可想而知他们西海岸人固有的淡定闲适性格尤为关键。A more sensitive tourist might worry about being kidnapped by FARC rebels, or breaking down in the jungle or car accidents (like the burning wreckage of a fatal crash they came upon in Mexico). Or, for that matter, doing any of these things as first-time parents traveling with a toddler. But the Harteaus have managed to stay blissfully optimistic.更敏感一些的旅行者也许会担心半路被哥伦比亚革命武装力量(FARC)绑架、在丛林里坏车,或是遭遇车祸(他们在墨西哥目睹了致命车祸现场残骸燃烧的场景)。或者换个角度说,第一次做父母的他们在和婴儿同行的时候,做他们正在做的任何事情都足以让人担忧。但哈尔托一家却能一直保持幸福的乐观态度。It was as they were leaving Colombia and crossing into Ecuador that the Harteaus decided a year was not enough time. To reach Tierra del Fuego at the tip of Argentina by April, as they had planned, they would need to cover four countries in eight weeks. And as Mrs. Harteau said, “We didn’t come on this trip to jam through these countries.”离开哥伦比亚进入厄瓜多尔的时候,他们认定一年的时间并不够。如果按照原定计划,他们必须要在八周内横穿四个国家,才能在4月前到达阿根廷最南边的火地岛。就像哈尔托太太说的那样,“我们旅行不是为了匆匆瞥一眼这些国家而已。”They were aly on a tight budget — about a day for gas and an extra for everything else (by now, they’ve spent about ,000 in total). But they knew that extending the trip would require more funding beyond what they had from the Kickstarter campaign, personal savings and the yard sales they held before they left.他们的预算已经很紧张了,40美元一天的汽油钱,外加20美元来囊括所有其他开(到目前为止,他们一共花费了大约2万美元)。他们也明白,延长行期会需要更多的资金,超出他们之前在Kickmaster上面的集资、存款,以及行前卖旧货的收入总和。Weeks earlier, the couple had been shocked to see their Instagram followers jump from 2,000 to nearly 30,000 after Ms. Richardson featured one of their images on the Instagram blog and account. “Overnight we had all these people watching us,” Mr. Harteau said.好几周前,理查森将他们的一张图片放到Instagram的官方客和账户上。之后,他们Instagram的关注者从2000人增长到将近3万人,着实吓到了夫妻俩。“一夜之间多了这么多人关注我们,”哈尔托太太说。So they came up with a way to marshal that audience and stay on the road. Inspired by local artisan markets, they began holding what they called the “24-Hour Bazaar”: a flash sale of textiles, jewelry or other locally made goods, usually sold for double their cost. The couple photographed and sometimes modeled the goods, advertising them with a PDF catalog they emailed to followers like Ms. Sternbach, who bought alpaca blankets for about each and a poncho for about 0.于是,他们找到了集结这些关注者的力量,同时继续旅程的方法。由当地手工市场得到的灵感,他们开始了自己命名为“24小时集市”的创意闪购:用高出成本一倍的价格卖出当地的纺织品、首饰和其他物品。两夫妻为这些商品拍照,有时候也充当模特,之后制作成PDF格式的产品名录发邮件给他们的关注者。作为一名关注者,施特恩巴赫购买过40美元一条的羊驼毛毯子,以及大约100美元的披风。A few weeks ago, when the Harteaus returned to Lima to resume their trip, they brought with them a few things to make the Westfalia even homier: a foldable oven for baking b; new curtains; and solar panels they received through a sponsorship with Goal Zero, which will reduce their constant need to find a power source for their MacBook Pro. Next on their itinerary is Chile and then Argentina (although that is always subject to change). Then they will begin the long, meandering ride north.几周前,当哈尔托一家回到利马重新开始旅程的时候,他们带回了几样让威斯法利更有家的感觉的东西:一个烤面包的折叠烤箱、新窗帘,以及Goal Zero赞助的太阳能电池板。这种电池板可以用来给他们的MacBook Pro电脑充电,省去了总是在找电源的烦恼。他们旅程的下一站是智利和阿根廷(虽然总是计划赶不上变化),之后会折返,开始漫长的向北游逛。The art exhibition the Harteaus promised in their Kickstarter pitch will have to wait. As friends have begun to joke, it’s possible they are never coming back. And the Harteaus themselves are slowly realizing that their home is now on the road.哈尔托一家在Kickstarter上承诺的艺术展不得不延期。正如他们的朋友开玩笑所说的,他们真的有可能不回来了。哈尔托一家也逐渐意识到,现在,他们的家就在路上。During their brief return to Los Angeles, Collette, who turns 3 in January and has lived a third of her life on the road, told her parents she wanted to go home. “I said, ‘Where is home?’ ” Mrs. Harteau recalled. “She looked at me like I was crazy and said, ‘The van.’ ”科莱特今年1月满了3岁,她已经在旅途中度过了人生三分之一的时光。他们回洛杉矶短暂休整的时候,她告诉爸爸妈妈她想回家。“我问她,‘家在哪呢?’”哈尔托太太回忆道。“她看着我,好像我疯了一样,然后说,‘车里啊。’” /201410/335185。
  • Recently, Cheng Li had to block another friend on his WeChat account who constantly shared links to various health tips.近日,程力(音译)不得不屏蔽了一位总是不停分享保健贴士的微信好友。“At first, they looked useful, but now they’re just cliched,” said Cheng, 22, a Beijing-based reporter. In fact, Cheng is not the only one who has to endure such bombardments on social media platforms, from intimate couple selfies, photos of meals, to bag sales and if-you-don’t-share-this-bad-things-will-happen links.“起初,这些信息看起来很有用,但现在看来都只是些老生常谈罢了。”这位来自北京的22岁记者说道。实际上,并非只有程力一人忍受着社交媒体上的这种“狂轰滥炸”:从晒情侣肉麻自拍,到晒各种美食照,再到打折包包以及各种“不转发就会有厄运降临”的帖子。Let’s just say that while sharing is indeed a virtue, oversharing, especially on social media platforms, can not only sour friendships but also hurt career prospects. Experts advise people to maintain a good balance between their private life and their professional life, between sharing and showing off, and between goodwill and annoyances. But it’s a tricky business.虽说分享的确是种美德,但过度分享,尤其是在社交媒体上过度分享,不仅会伤害友情更是会殃及事业前途。专家建议,人们需要在私生活与职场生活、分享与炫耀、好心与惹人厌之间寻求一种良性平衡。而这是个麻烦事儿。Identification and false reality认同与伪造真实Feng Shanshan, 20, an economics major at the University of International Business and Economics, feels frustrated when she checks her WeChat only to see photos from her friends eating in fancy restaurants or enjoying exotic trips and exciting events. “It feels like I’m a failure with hardly any highlights in my life,” said Feng.20岁的冯珊珊(音译)是对外经济贸易大学经济学专业的一名学生。她最近很郁闷,因为一打开微信,满目都是好友晒高级餐厅、出国旅行、参加各种精活动的信息。她说:“感觉上我就是一个生活毫无精之处的失败者。”Zhang Yijun, a Shanghai-based psychologist, says this is a common reaction. But the truth is that the information shared online is designed to construct a certain illusion of reality.来自上海的心理学家张怡筠说,这是一种常见的反应。而事实上,网上分享的信息是人们精心设计出的对现实的粉饰。“Deep down, sharing anything is showing off,” said Zhang. “But when we see the best side of everyone’s life in such a fragmented way, we tend to connect the pieces and think of them as reality, which can cause an anxiety of missing out or being left out.”“实际上,任何分享行为都是一种炫耀,”张怡筠表示。“但当我们以一种碎片化的方式来看每个人生活中最好的一面时,我们往往会将这些片段连接起来并认为这就是真实的现实,从而产生一种被忽视或者被隔离的焦虑感。”Friendship and career at stake危及友情和事业Chen Canrui, a psychologist at South China Normal University, says oversharing online undermines effective communication in real life.华南师范大学心理学专家陈灿锐表示,网络“分享控”行为正在破坏现实生活中实际的沟通。“Having such easy access to so many people makes communication really superficial,” said Chen. “In the end, the lack of deep communication hurts strong social connections, namely friends, more than weak connections.”“如此轻而易举地接触到这么多的人,使得沟通交流变得流于表面,”陈灿锐说道。“最终,相对于微弱的社会关系,深度沟通的缺乏更容易令友谊这种强大的社会关系受伤。”Not only friendships are at stake in the era of oversharing, but career prospects could also be at risk if a good balance between private life and professional life is not maintained.在一个“分享控”的时代,不仅人与人之间的友情面临考验,如果你不能平衡好个人生活与职场生活间的关系,你的职业生涯也很可能岌岌可危。“Companies don’t care if you’re oversharing photos of a Habitat for Humanity house you helped build,” Vinda Rao Souza, marketing manager at Bullhorn, a US recruitment software company, told Glassdoor, a US-based job recruitment website. “But they will care if you’re sharing your innermost thoughts on political matters or if you throw around racial epithets.”招聘软件开发商Bullhorn的市场经理Vinda Rao Souza在接受美国招聘网站Glassdoor采访时称:“如果你只是一味地上传自己参与‘仁爱之家’建房计划的照片,想必没有公司会在意这回事。而他们真正看重的是你就政治热点发表的内心看法,或者看你是否随意使用着涉嫌种族歧视的用语。”“The biggest thing is to make sure you are aware of the privacy settings and use them,” Pamela Skillings, co-founder of US-based job coaching firm Skillful Communications, told Glassdoor. “You don’t have to give up social media, but you have to understand that what’s available publicly can hurt the professional side of your life.”美国职业咨询公司Skillful Communications的联合创始人帕梅拉?斯基林告诉Glassdoor网站:“关键是要弄清所有隐私设置,并加以利用。尽管你无需逃离社交媒体,但你必须要弄清哪些公开可见的内容会危害到你的职业生涯。”Are you an oversharer?你是“分享控”吗?With the Fear of Missing Out (FOMO) compelling us to update our sharing apps every 15 minutes, we easily become culprits of oversharing annoying contents, ranging from showing off to chicken soup for the soul. Over the weekend, 21st Century conducted a survey through its official WeChat account that received more than 400 responses from ers, most of whom are enrolled students in college and senior middle school. Shopping advertisements ranked top of the most annoying shared contents on social media.人们由于“社交控情结”(译者注:忙于眼前事的时候,总是害怕会错过更有趣或者更好的人和事),每隔15分钟便会更新自己的社交网络;这样一来,我们很容易沦为分享无聊内容的“刷屏怪”,从单纯的炫耀到心灵鸡汤不一而足。上周末,《21世纪英文报》在其官方微信上进行了一项用户调查活动,共搜集到400多位热心读者的反馈,这些读者大都是在校大学生及高中生。而购物小广告被票选为“社交媒体最惹人厌的行为”。The most annoying shared contents on social media:“社交媒体最惹人厌行为排行榜”Shopping advertisements: 28%购物小广告:28%Superstition and if-you-don’t-share-this-bad-things-will-happen links: 24%迷信帖以及“不转发就会遭厄运”帖:24%Complaints: 9%“抱怨不停”型:9%Intimate pictures of couples: 8%秀恩爱:8%Duplicated chicken soup for the soul: 6%转发心灵鸡汤:6%Photoshopped selfies: 6%自拍加PS:6%Endless food and meals: 5%永远是吃吃喝喝:5%Showing off wealth: 5%炫富:5%Health tips: 5%保健贴士:5%Overly emotional comments on celebrities: 2%过于多愁善感的名人语录:2%Nationalistic news and comments: 1%国家新闻点评:1% /201403/278434。
  • Economies in Southeast Asia are not the only things growing in the region. Waistlines are too -- and that has doctors and health experts worried about the strains a clutch of new health problems could put on many countries still in the process of developing. 伴随着东南亚地区经济一同增长的,还有人们的腰围――医生和卫生专家担心,一系列新的健康问题可能会对许多发展中国家造成负担。 Rapid economic growth has created new and expanding middles classes in places like Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam. But new affluence is also driving up the rate of #39;life-style#39; diseases, including hypertension, cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory illness, say doctors. 在印度尼西亚、菲律宾和越南等地,快速增长的经济催生了不断壮大的新兴中产阶级。而据医生称,全新的小康生活也促使高血压、癌症、糖尿病、慢性呼吸道疾病等“生活方式疾病”的发病率上升。 Together, those diseases account for 80% of the deaths in Asia, but health experts say it need not be that way -- most could be addressed by people simply changing the way they eat and live. 亚洲的因病死亡人口中,这些疾病加一起占了全部死亡原因的80%,但卫生专家称,通过日常生活和饮食方式的调整,就可以扭转这一形势。 #39;We must have behavior change,#39; Shin Young-soo, the World Health Organization#39;s regional director for the Western Pacific, said during a recent health summit in Manila. 近期在马尼拉举行的健康峰会上,世界卫生组织(World Health Organization)西太平洋地区主任申英秀(Shin Young-soo)呼吁人们对生活习惯做出改变。 As regional incomes improve, people have more money to spend on fast food and processed snacks. In recent years, demand for meat and dairy has also risen dramatically in many of Southeast Asia#39;s emerging economies. 伴随着地区收入状况的改善,人们有更多的钱来购买快餐和加工食品。近年来,许多东南亚新兴经济体内对于肉制品和奶制品的需求也在急剧上升。 But changes in diets combined with lack of exercise has made Asians more prone to diabetes than their counterparts in the West, said Dr. Shin, one of nearly 200 health and development experts attending a week-long gathering here aimed at discussing non-communicable diseases and finding way to combat them. 申英秀说,然而饮食的变化和缺乏运动结合在一起,使得亚洲人糖尿病的发病率高于西方。申英秀与近200位出席峰会的卫生和发展专家聚在一起,将对非传染性疾病以及应对策略进行为期一周的探讨。 Recent studies show that as much as 12% of Chinese adults have diabetes and half are prone to developing the disease. In South Korea, Japan and Vietnam around one in every 10 adults has diabetes. 近期研究表明,多达12%的中国成年人患有糖尿病,而一半的人口有患病风险。在韩国、日本和越南,大约每10个人就有一人是糖尿病患者。 Half a century ago, non-communicable diseases weren#39;t a priority among health experts, said WHO director-general Margaret Chan. 世界卫生组织(WHO)总干事陈冯富珍(Margaret Chan)说,半个世纪前,非传染性疾病还不是健康专家重点探讨的话题。 #39;Diets were rich in fruits and vegetables,#39; she said. #39;Fish was the principal source of protein. People drank water.#39; 她说,当时人们的膳食中多蔬菜水果,鱼是蛋白质的基本摄入来源。水是人们的饮品。 Over a short period, however, diets have remarkably shifted to white b, white rice, white sugar, sugary beverages, and highly processed foods, including canned luncheon meats. That, said Dr. Chan, has resulted in an increase in cases of diabetes and a 75% incidence of obesity -- the highest in the world -- in some Pacific island countries. 然而没过多久,餐桌上瞬间变成了白面包,白米饭,白糖,含糖饮料和午餐肉之类的精加工食品。陈冯富珍说,这一变化导致了糖尿病发病几率增加,并致使一些太平洋岛国的肥胖症发病率达到了75%,为全世界最高。 The main factors that place people at risk of developing these life-style diseases include tobacco use, unhealthy diets, physical inactivity and the harmful use of alcohol -- all of which are avoidable. For now, however, doctors say the prevalence of these risk factors is high -- and rising in many places. 促使人们患上这类生活方式相关疾病的主要原因包括吸烟、饮食不健康、缺乏锻炼以及过度饮酒,而这些均可以避免。但医生称,现在这些不良习惯仍然盛行,在很多地方甚至愈演愈烈。 The Asia-Pacific is home to about one-third of the world#39;s smokers -- many of them concentrated in China and Indonesia, two of the world#39;s biggest cigarette markets. Nearly 70% of men over the age of 15 smoke in Indonesia, according to the WHO, which says health care costs associated with tobacco-related illnesses ring in at around .7 billion each year. 亚太地区的吸烟人群占全世界的三分之一,多数集中在中国和印度尼西亚,两国也是世界两个最大的香烟市场。据世界卫生组织称,印度尼西亚超过70%的15岁以上男性人口是烟民,这使得该国因吸烟相关疾病而产生的医疗费用高达每年17亿美元。 Meanwhile, in China, Dr. Chan said, researchers estimate that 114 million adults have diabetes -- while an additional 493 million people at risk of developing the disease. 陈冯富珍说,在中国,研究人员估计约1.14亿中国人患有糖尿病,4.93亿人面临患病风险。 #39;Think about what this means in the world#39;s second largest economy,#39; she said. 她说,可以想一想这对于世界第二大经济体来说意味着什么。 The could eventually bankrupt the health care system in China. For other countries whose economies are just beginning to take off, the burden of having to deal with an increasingly unhealthy population could derail development goals and scale back the benefits of economic gain. In the region as a whole, it means added pressure on health care systems that, in many places, are aly over-stretched. 这可能会最终使得中国的医疗保险体系面临崩溃。对于其它经济刚开始起步的国家,与日俱增的不健康人口所造成的负担,可能会使其经济目标发生偏离,经济成果的收益大打折扣。而对于整个地区来说,这意味着许多地方本已不堪重负的医保系统将承受更大的压力。 The growing rate of diabetes, for example, has caused a rise in visual impairment, which can severely compromise educational opportunities, gainful employment and productivity, say health experts. By 2020 the global economic loss from visual impairment is expected to reach US0 billion annually, up from US billion in 2000. 卫生专家举例说,不断上升的糖尿病患病率已导致了视力缺陷症状不断增加,这会对教育、就业以及社会生产力造成严重影响。预计到2020年,全球每年因视力缺陷而导致的经济损失将从2000年的420亿美元上升到1,100亿美元。 /201311/265572。
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