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资阳去哪种医院做隆鼻好重庆注射瘦脸针注意事项梁平区中医院网上咨询热线 Will robots take over the workforce? And if--or when--they do, what jobs will be left for us humans?机器人是否会成为主要劳动力?如果会的话,那么等到那一天,人类还剩什么工作可做呢?These were among the biggest workplace and management questions at South by Southwest Interactive in Austin over the weekend. Several of the panels at the sprawling tech conference focused on our future robot overlords, with many of the discussions taking a rosy view that the workforce will indeed be dominated by robots in the not-too-far future--and why that is a good thing.上周末在美国得克萨斯州奥斯汀(Austin)举行的西南偏南(South by Southwest Interactive)大会上,上述问题成了工作场所和管理方面讨论最热烈的话题。此次大会的几个座谈小组重点讨论未来机器人独霸劳动力市场的情况,很多参与讨论的人都乐观地认为,在不太遥远的未来,机器人确实会在工作场所占据主导地位,并且讨论了为何说这是件好事。Carl Bass, the chief executive of Autodesk, acknowledged that workplace automation has eliminated or reduced many manufacturing jobs, and will continue to do so in the future, leading to major shifts in the labor market. Entire industries, such as trucking, will eventually be disrupted by robotic advances like self-driving cars, he said. (Bass cited the book, #39; The Second Machine Age,#39; by Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee as a source for this robot-heavy scenario.)欧特克公司(Autodesk Inc.)的首席执行长巴斯(Carl Bass)承认,工厂自动化已取缔或减少了许多制造业岗位,而且未来这一情况将会继续下去,这将导致劳动力市场发生巨大转变。他说,像货车运输这样的整个行业最终将被无人驾驶汽车等机器人技术进步所颠覆。(巴斯援引布林约尔松(Erik Brynjolfsson)和麦卡菲(Andrew McAfee)共同撰写的《第二个机器时代》(The Second Machine Age)来论他的这一设想。)But, Bass asked: #39;Are the jobs lost to automation ones that you would want for your children?#39; Few parents, he said, dreamed their kids would someday become fuel pumpers or elevator operators, jobs aly replaced by automation. In the next 30 years, Bass added, smart machines and robots will outnumber humans on the planet.但巴斯也问道,那些被自动化取代的工作是你想让孩子以后从事的职业吗?他说,几乎没有家长会希望自己的孩子有朝一日成为加油站的加油员或电梯操作员,这种工作已实现自动化。巴斯补充说,未来30年,全球智能机器和机器人的总量将超过全球人口总量。Bass presented some outlandish ideas to help societies deal with the structural changes generated by a robot-heavy workforce, including taxing economic output rather than income, or implementing a #39; negative income tax,#39; in which governments pay citizens a stipend in order to guarantee a level of income.为了帮助社会应对机器人主导劳动力市场所引发的结构性变化,巴斯提出了一些奇特的想法,例如对经济产出而非收入征税,或实施“负所得税”――即政府向公民付津贴以确保某一收入水平。#39;With our creativity and imagination, we will find harmony with the robots,#39; Bass said.巴斯说,凭借我们的创造力和想象力,我们应该能与机器人和谐相处。Meanwhile, other discussions focused on identifying jobs were likely to remain safe from robots. Heather Knight, a Carnegie Mellon roboticist who studies social interactions between humans and robots, suggested that hairdressers might be safe. But not because robots can#39;t cut hair--she said the relationship between hairdressers and their clients simply can#39;t be automated. (And, she added, some people might be wary of a robot holding a sharp blade so close to their necks, although plenty of robots aly perform delicate surgery.)与此同时,其他讨论的焦点是确认哪些工作可能不会被机器人所取代。卡内基梅隆大学(Carnegie Mellon)研究人类和机器人之间社会互动的机器人专家奈特(Heather Knight)暗示,美发师这一职业或许不会受到机器人的影响。她说,这并不是因为机器人不能剪头发,而是因为美发师和客户之间的关系无法实现自动化。她还说,虽然有很多机器人已经在为人类进行精微的外科手术,但对于机器人拿着锋利的刀片如此接近他们的脖子,一些人可能会心存戒备。Another job deemed safe? Roboticist.另一个不会受机器人影响的工作是什么?是机器人专家。 /201403/279768大足区人民医院医生

渝北区做激光去毛多少钱重医附一院减肥手术多少钱 重庆西南医院周日上班吗

乐山市人民医院做隆胸 Laptop sales have been tanking as tablets surge. The new Windows 8 is off to a slow start with users. And the hybrid machines that claim to work as both tablets and laptops are still niche products. So what#39;s a laptop maker to do?随着平板电脑销量的飙升,笔记本的销量不断遭受冲击。用户对微软新操作系统Windows 8的反应平淡。而声称可以同时用作平板与笔记本的混合机型仍然是小众。在这种情况下,笔记本厂商该怎么做?Well, most Windows laptop companies are promising to spend this year driving prices down, while continuing to experiment with better hybrid designs. But not Toshiba. The venerable Japanese firm has decided to go upscale, introducing an all-new brand of conventional 13-inch laptops that are positioned as premium products, with prices starting at ,600.大多数Windows笔记本厂商都承诺会在今年把价格降下来,同时继续探索更好的混合机型设计。但东芝(Toshiba)却没这么做。这家老牌日本厂商决定走高端路线,他们推出了一个定位顶级的13英寸笔记本全新品牌,售价自1,600美元(约合人民币9,888元)起。That over-,000 market has long been the territory of Apple. But Toshiba figures it can offer buyers with deep pockets the Windows equivalent of Apple#39;s popular and much-praised MacBook Air, with premium materials, strong specs and a good warranty. It#39;s called the Kirabook, part of a new Toshiba brand called Kira.长期以来,1,000美元以上价位的笔记本市场都是苹果(Apple)的天下。但东芝却相信,凭借着顶级的材质、强大的性能与良好的品质,他们能够为那些财力雄厚的消费者提供一款Windows笔记本,它可以与苹果叫好又叫座的Macbook Air相提并论。这就是东芝新品Kirabook,是东芝主打新品牌Kira中的一员。I#39;ve been testing a Kirabook for the past five days and I found it to be a good computer whose strongest feature is a brilliant, high-resolution screen. It#39;s a speedy and reliable machine that#39;s thin and light without feeling cheap.过去五天,我一直在测试Kirabook。我认为这是一款出色的电脑,其最突出的特性就是那块亮丽的高清显示屏。Kirabook是一款运行流畅、性能可靠的轻薄笔记本,完全没有廉价感。But I consider it overpriced for what it offers. It actually costs more than a MacBook Air, but with much worse battery life, an older processor and a design that looks like a lot of other grayish, metallic laptops.但我还是觉得,相对于性能来说,这款产品定价过高。Kirabook实际售价比Macbook Air还高,但电池续航性能却差很多,而且配备的是上一代处理器,设计上也和诸多灰色金属材质的笔记本比较相像。There are three models. The top one, which costs ,000, is distinguished mainly by its use of a very fast processor that average consumers won#39;t need. The other two models are identical, except the entry-level offering, at ,600, has a standard, non-touch screen. The middle model, at ,800, which I tested, has a touch screen.Kirabook有三种配置。最高配的售价2,000美元(约合人民币12,360元),主要差别就是配备了一款非常迅速的处理器,但一般消费者却并不需要。其他两款差不多,只是售价1,600美元的入门款机型配备的是标准的非触摸屏。而我所测试的中端配置有触摸屏,售价1800美元(约合人民币11,124元)。The MacBook Air also has a non-touch screen, but that#39;s because its operating system, Mac OS X Mountain Lion, isn#39;t designed for touch screens. By contrast, Windows 8 is a touch-centric operating system, and I don#39;t recommend consumers buying Windows 8 computers to opt for non-touch screens. So the least expensive Kirabook that works optimally with its operating system costs ,800.Macbook Book用的也是非触摸屏,但这是因为其操作系统Mac OS X山狮(Mountain Lion)并不是为触摸屏而设计的。相比之下,Windows 8是以触控为核心的操作系统,我不建议消费者购买Windows 8电脑时选择非触摸屏。所以,使用优化操作系统的Kirabook,最便宜的也要1,800美元。How do those prices compare with Apple#39;s, which have traditionally been higher than those of most Windows PCs?这个价格怎么去和苹果电脑相比?苹果电脑一直都比大多数Windows PC高端。Well, the base ,600 Kirabook with the non-touch screen includes a generous 8 gigabytes of memory and a 256 GB solid-state drive. The base 13-inch MacBook Air, whose price was cut 0 just Monday, costs ,099. But when configured with the same amount of memory and solid-state storage, it costs ,399, still about 0 less than the non-touch Kirabook and 0 less than the touch-screen model.售价1,600美元的最低配Kirabook用是非触摸屏,内存8GB,256GB固态硬盘(SSD)。而13寸最低配Macbook Air上周一刚刚降价100美元,现价1,099美元(约合人民币6,792元)。但如果要达到与Kirabook相同的内存与硬盘配置的话,Macbook Air售价需要1,399美元(约合人民币8,646元),仍然比非触摸屏的Kirabook低200美元,比触摸屏版Kirabook低400美元。The two machines each weigh a hair under 3 pounds and are roughly 0.7-inch thick, though the Toshiba is a bit thicker. It also has a smaller footprint. The Kirabook has a magnesium alloy body that Toshiba claims is 100% stronger than the aluminum used for the body of the Air.这两款笔记本重量都略低于3磅(约合1.36千克),厚度在0.7英寸(约合1.78厘米)左右,但东芝那款要略厚一些。Kirabook的面积稍小,东芝表示,这款产品机身使用的镁合金材质要比Air所使用的铝合金坚固一倍。The Kirabook#39;s biggest advantage is its hi-res screen. It is almost as sharp as the one on Apple#39;s higher-end 13-inch laptop, the MacBook Pro with Retina display. That MacBook starts at ,499 and is ,699 when configured with the same memory and storage as the Kirabook. The Kirabook#39;s screen resolution is so high that text can get uncomfortably small. I was forced to use a built-in Toshiba utility to actually lower the resolution a bit for this reason.Kirabook最大的优势是那块高清显示屏,几乎和苹果更高端的13寸带Retina显示屏的笔记本Macbook Pro(售价1,499美元)一样锐利,后者与Kirabook内存和硬盘相同配置的售价是1,699美元(约合人民币10,500元)。 Kirabook显示屏的分辨率如此之高,以至于显示的文字太小时,会看起来不舒。因此我不得不通过东芝内置的工具,把分辨率实际降低一些。The Kirabook has three USB ports to the Air#39;s two, and Toshiba throws in a two-year warranty, while Apple#39;s standard warranty is just one year. The Kirabook also has an HDMI port, for easy connection to a TV, which the Apple lacks.Kirabook有三个USB接口,而Air只有两个。东芝提供了两年保修,而苹果通常的保修期限只有一年。Kirabook还有个HDMI接口,方便连接到电视上,这是苹果所没有的。In addition to its high price, the biggest downsides of the Kirabook are Windows 8, whose two very different user interfaces can be confusing; mediocre battery life; and the fact it uses older processors. By contrast, as of Monday, the MacBook Air uses the latest Intel processors, just out, which promise huge increases in battery life and better graphics. The Kirabooks aren#39;t due to be upgraded to these new chips till the fourth quarter.除了价格高,Kirabook最大的劣势是Windows 8;这个操作系统有两个完全不同的用户界面,令人感到困惑。Kirabook的电池续航时间也很平庸,还配备了较老款的处理器。相比之下,上周一刚发布的新款Macbook Air使用的是最新英特尔(Intel)处理器,据称能够显著提高电池巡航时间和提供更好的图形处理能力。而在第四季度之前,Kirabook都不会更新到英特尔的新芯片。These new processors and battery life are closely linked. Apple claimed this week that, with the new chips, the 13-inch MacBook Air can get up to 12 hours of battery life between charges. That isn#39;t a typo. (Stay tuned for a review of this revamped Air.)这些新处理器和电池续航时间有着紧密关联。苹果本周表示,配备新处理器的13寸Macbook Air一次充电可以提供至多12小时的电池续航时间。对,你没看错。(请关注新版Air的评测。)However, even with the same, older Intel chips, the MacBook Air handily beat the Kirabook in battery life. In my tough battery test, where I turn off power-saving features, keep the Wi-Fi on to collect email and play music until the battery dies, the Kirabook lasted four hours and 27 minutes. The MacBook Air rates over six hours on the same test.不过即便是配备较老的英特尔处理器,Macbook Air也可以在电池续航时间上轻松压倒Kirabook。在我严格的电池测试中,即关闭省电设置,保持Wi-Fi连接以接受邮件,持续播放音乐,直至电池耗尽,Kirabook只能坚持4小时27分钟,而Macbook Air在相同测试下的电池表现超过了6个小时。Overall, the Toshiba Kirabook is a very nicely built PC, but for its premium price, it ought to have the latest components, more distinctive design and better battery life.总的来说,东芝Kirabook是一款非常出色的PC,但考虑到其高昂售价,这款笔记本就应该拥有最新的部件、更别致的设计、更强劲的电池续航时间。 /201306/245341重庆肿瘤医院做整形美容手术安全吗泸州磨颧骨多少钱




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