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Holland vs the Netherlands荷兰还是尼日兰?Welcome to the great nation of Holland, where the tulips grow, the windmills turn, the breakfast is chocolaty, the people are industrious and the sea tries to drown it all, except this country isn#39;t Holland. It#39;s time for the difference between Holland and the Netherlands, and a whole lot more.欢迎来到大荷兰王国,在这里郁金香丛生、风车转动、早餐充满巧克力、人们勤奋而海水试着将全部淹没,只是这个国家不是荷兰。是时候来说明荷兰和尼日兰的差异,还有很多其他的。The correct name for this tulip-growing, windmill-building, hagelslag-eating, container ship-moving, ocean-conquering nation is the Netherlands. But confusion is understandable. The general region has been renamed a lot over a thousand years, including as the Dutch Republic, the ed States of Belgium and the Kingdom of Holland.这个种植郁金香、建造风车、吃碎屑巧克力、货柜船集散、征海洋的国家的正确名字叫尼日兰。但混淆是可以理解的。这儿一般的地区在一千多年以来曾经历多次重新命名,包含如荷兰共和国、比利时合众国和荷兰王国。But it#39;s not just history that makes this country#39;s name confusing, because the Netherlands is divided into twelve provinces: Groningen, Drenthe, Overijssel, Gelderland, Limburg, North Brabant, Zeeland (which by the way is the Zeeland that makes this Zealand new), Friesland (with the adorable little hearts on its flags), Flevoland, Utrecht, and here#39;s the confusion—Noord (North) Holland and Zuid (South) Holland.但并非只有历史让这个国家的名字令人困惑,因为尼日兰被划分为十二个省份:Groningen、Drenthe、Overijssel、Gelderland、Limburg、North Brabant、Zeeland(顺道一提,正因为Zeeland(西兰省)才让这个Zealand变成新的(纽西兰))、Friesland(国旗上有着可爱的小颗爱心图案)、Flevoland、Utrecht,然后这里是让人混淆的地方──北荷兰和南荷兰省。These provinces make calling the Netherlands ;Holland; like calling the ed States ;Dakota.; Though, unlike the Dakotas, which are mostly empty, save for the occasional Jackalope, the two Hollands are the most populated provinces and have some the biggest attractions, like Amsterdam and Keukenhof.这些省份使得称尼日兰为“荷兰”,就像是把美国叫成“Dakota(达科他州)”一样。然而,不像Dakota州(南、北达科他州),那里大多是空旷的,除了偶然出现的Jackalope(鹿角兔身的想像动物),这两个荷兰省是人口最多的省份,且拥有某些像是阿姆士特丹和库肯霍夫等的最热门观光景点。Chances are, if it#39;s Dutch and you#39;ve heard of it, it#39;s in one of the Hollands. Even the government#39;s travel website for the country is Holland.com, officially because it sounds friendlier, but unofficially, it#39;s probably what people are actually searching for.如果它是荷兰文(地名)而且你也有听说过,那有可能,它就在这两个荷兰省的其中之一里面。甚至连政府的国家观光网站都是Holland.com,官方上是因为它听起来较亲近,但非官方原因它也许是人们实际上所搜寻的东西。Confusion continues because people who live in the Hollands are called Hollanders, but all citizens of the Netherlands are called Dutch, as is their language. But in Dutch they say, ;Nederlands sprekende Nederlanders in Nederland,; which sounds like they#39;d rather we call them Netherlanders speaking Netherlandish.混淆持续,因为住在荷兰省的人被称作Hollanders,但所有尼日兰的公民如同他们的语言,都被叫做Dutch。但用Dutch(荷兰/尼日兰话)他们说:“尼日兰人在尼日兰说尼日兰语”,那听起来好像他们宁愿我们叫他们尼日兰人说尼日兰话。Meanwhile, next door in Germany, they#39;re ;Deutsche sprechen Deutsch in Deutschland,; which sounds like they#39;d rather be called Dutch. This linguistic confusion is why Americans call the Pennsylvania Dutch ;Dutch,; even though they#39;re Germans.同时,在隔壁德国,他们是“德国人在德国说德语”,那听起来就像他们宁愿被叫做Dutch(音似Deutsch的德文发音)。这语言上的混淆正是何以美国人称德裔宾州人“Dutch”的原因,即便他们是德国人。To Review: This country is the Netherlands, its people are Dutch, and they speak Dutch. There is no country called Holland, but there are provinces of North and South Holland.来复习一下:这个国家是尼日兰,这里的人民是Dutch(荷兰/尼日兰人),而且他们说Dutch(荷兰/尼日兰语)。 没有一个叫做荷兰的国家,但有北荷兰省和南荷兰省。Got it? Great, because it#39;s about to get more complicated.懂了吗?很好,因为它将会变得更复杂。The Netherlands is part of a kingdom with the same name: The Kingdom of the Netherlands, which is headed by the Dutch royal family. The Kingdom of the Netherlands contains three more countries, and to find them we must sail from the icy North Sea to the Caribbean and Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten. These are no territories, but self-governing countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. And as such they have their own governments and their own currencies.尼日兰是有着同样名称的王国:尼日兰王国的一部分,尼日兰王国是由Dutch(荷兰/尼日兰)皇室领导。尼日兰王国包含了另外的三个国家,而要找到它们,我们必须从冰封的北海航行到加勒比海,Aruba(阿鲁巴)、Curacao(库拉索)以及Sint Maarten(荷属圣马丁)。这些不是领土,而是尼日兰王国内的自治国。而就这一点而言,他们有自己的政府和自己的货币。Geography Geek Side Note here: While Aruba and Curacao are islands, Sint Maarten is just the southern half of a tiny island also named Saint Martin, the other half of which is occupied by France and also named Saint Martin. So despite being separated by Belgium on the European map, The Kingdom of the Netherlands and the French Republic share a border on the other side of the world on an island so nice they named it thrice.这是给地理狂热者的页边注解:尽管Aruba(阿鲁巴)和Curacao(库拉索)是岛屿,但Sint Maarten(荷属圣马丁)只是一个也叫作圣马丁的小岛的南半边,其另一半边被法国人占领,也名为Saint Martin(法属圣马丁)。所以尽管在欧洲地图上被比利时分开,尼日兰王国和法兰西共和国在世界的另一边,一个太棒了以至于他们将其命名三次的小岛上,共享边界。But why does the Kingdom of the Netherlands reach to the Caribbean anyway? Because: Empire. In the 1600s the Dutch, always looking to expand business, laid their hands on every valuable port they could. For a time, America#39;s East Coast was ;New Netherland,; with its capital city of ;New Amsterdam.; There was New Zealand, as mentioned previously, and nearby, the king of the islands, New Holland.但到底为什么尼日兰王国会来到加勒比海?因为:帝国。在1600年间Dutch(荷兰/尼日兰人),总是冀望着扩展贸易,尽其所能地染指每一有价值的港埠。一度,美国的东岸是“新尼日兰”,有着首都城市“新阿姆士特丹(现在的纽约)”。还有先前提到的纽西兰,还有附近的,诸岛之王,新荷兰(现在的澳洲)。Though the empire is gone, these three Caribbean nations remain. And while four countries in one kingdom isn#39;t unheard of, it doesn#39;t stop there, because the country of the Netherlands also extends its border to the Caribbean and three more islands: Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba. These are not countries in the kingdom but are cities in the country of the Netherlands, and they look the part.虽然帝国已逝,但这三个加勒比海国仍留存。而尽管四国一体的王国并非前所未闻,但不只那样,因为尼日兰国还将它的版图延伸到加勒比海及另外三个岛屿:Bonaire(波内赫)、Sint Eustatius(圣尤斯特歇斯)和Saba(萨巴)。他们并非王国中的国家,而是尼日兰国里的城市,且他们看起来颇适合这个角色。Residents of these far-flung cities vote in elections for the Dutch government just as any Hollander would. Though weirdly they don#39;t belong to any province, and they don#39;t use the Dutch currency of Euros. They use dollars instead. It#39;s kind of like if Hawaii wasn#39;t a state, but technically part of the District of Columbia, all the while using yen.这些遥远城市的居民正像任何荷兰人一样在选举中投票选出Dutch(荷兰/尼日兰)政府。然而怪异的是他们不属于任何省,也不使用Dutch(荷兰/尼日兰的)欧元货币。而是使用美金。这就有点类似假设夏威夷不是一个州,而在技术上是哥伦比亚特区之一部分,总是使用日币。These cities of the country of the Netherlands and these countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands are together known as the Dutch Caribbean. And their citizens are Dutch citizens, which, because the Kingdom of the Netherlands is a member of the European Union, means that these Dutch Caribbeans are also Europeans.这些尼日兰国的城市和尼日兰王国中的国家合起来称为荷属加勒比海。而他们的公民是Dutch(荷兰/尼日兰)公民,因为尼日兰王国是欧盟的一员,那意谓着这些荷属加勒比海人也是欧洲人。So in the end, there are six Caribbean islands, four countries, twelve provinces, two Hollands, two Netherlands, and one kingdom...all Dutch.所以最后,有六个加勒比海岛屿、四个国家、十二个省份、二个荷兰省、二个尼日兰和一个王国...全部都是Dutch(荷兰/尼日兰)。 Article/201504/371923TED演讲者们对这个世界各抒己见。 Article/201506/378369The continents of our planet are drifting.地球上的大陆正在漂移Fast forward 75 million years and they快进七千五百万年will be clustered towards the south pole.它们将朝着南极聚拢No one knows if the Earth will still be habitable then,没人知道地球将来还是否适合居住but the sad truth is that但遗憾的是we may not last long enough to find out.人类也许活不到见的一刻的出现As we gaze into the future,我们凝视未来时it turns out that the universe is a pretty dangerous place.会发现其实宇宙颇为危险Just look at our neighborhood.看看地球周边即可略知一二It#39;s littered with billions of asteroids,这里存在着数十亿颗小行星ancient remnants left over from the process that built the solar system.都是太阳系形成时期存留下来的古老的残骸The possibility of one of these wiping us out它们毁灭我们的可能性isn#39;t just the stuff of Hollywood disaster movies.并不只停留在好莱坞虚构的灾难片中The threat from asteroids is real.小行星的威胁是真实存在的We#39;ve even given some of them names.我们已经为其中一些命名This one is called Apophis,这一颗叫阿波菲斯after a mythical Egyptian demon,得名自埃及神话中的一个恶魔a god of darkness and destruction.黑暗与毁灭之神Discovered in 2004,于2004年被发现的阿波菲斯Apophis is the size of a 100-story skyscraper.大小相当于百层天大楼It weighs about 20 billion tons.重约二百亿吨Speeding through space at 28,000 miles an hour,以每小时二万八千英里,子弹的十倍速度10 times as fast as a bullet,穿梭于宇宙之中it carries almost as much energy as它所具有的能量几乎是all the world#39;s nuclear weapons combined.世界上所有核武器所具能量的总和And we know roughly where it#39;s headed.我们目前只知道其大致走向The precise path is not yet fully known.其精确路径还有待研究But on April 13th, 2029,但在2029年4月13日this huge rock is likely to pass这块巨石很可能在距地球表面within 23,000 miles of the planet#39;s surface.约两万三千公里的位置经过Close enough to pass beneath the satellites in orbit around Earth近得能在地球轨道卫星下空掠过and give us all a scare.从而使我们担惊受怕Luckily there is very little chance that Apophis will actually hit us,幸运的是,阿波菲斯撞上地球的可能微乎其微but the problem for humanity is但人类面临的真正问题是that in space there is always a bigger rock.宇宙中总是有更大的石块 Article/201510/401928

and we#39;ll put together a deal and you and l will own it.我们可以谈谈 版权也是我们的;We#39;ll be partners in this.;我们一起合伙办这事吧And Michael said, ;Okay, let#39;s do it.;迈克尔回答 就这么决定吧We set the wheels in motion我们开始整个程序for the Michael Jackson 30th Anniversary Celebration The Solo Years进行迈克尔·杰克逊30周年纪念之单飞的日子in New York City at Madison square Garden.在纽约的麦迪逊花园广场举办lt was about six weeks before the show.开唱前六周And all of a sudden, as Michael expected,就如同迈克尔所料Jermaine had all these random requests and demands.杰曼突然多了许多要求Michael Was vety disappointed with Jermaine.迈克尔对杰曼很失望He never thought he was very shrewd or sharp.他从不认为他很机灵或是很聪明He loved his brother dearly.他很爱他的哥哥But there was a competition between them.但他们之间有种竞争感Michael said, #39;Well, if he#39;s a problem, get him off the show. #39;迈克尔说 他若要惹麻烦 就别找他演出了l think it was reaIIy difficuIt for Jermaine to Iive in the shadow我想对杰曼来说 一直活在像迈克尔这样of somebody who was as huge as Michael.巨星的阴影下是很困难的And they were very, very competitive in that family.而他们一家人都很好胜Two weeks before the show, Katherine Jackson called me and said,开唱前两周 凯瑟琳·杰克逊打给我说#39;l want all my sons together.我要我所有儿子都聚在一起;Jermaine has to go back.;你必须让杰曼回来ll said, ;ll can#39;t deall With him.;我说 他太难搞了And she said, ;He will be no problem.;她回说 他不会再惹事了And he came and was a perfect angel.结果他回来后乖得很 Article/201510/405213

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