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哈尔滨第五人民医院网上预约电话管典范黑龙江省妇幼保健院正规吗?怎么样

2019年06月26日 08:49:01    日报  参与评论()人

哈尔滨九州妇科医院新地址巴彦县妇幼保健医院打胎一般要花多少钱克东县妇科检查价格 It is a tiresome habit of many antique dealers to mark their prices in code.Sometimes it is a straightforward substitution of letters for numerals, so that A equals 1, D equals 4, and so on.More often, the letters are given complicated values that make no sense at all to anyone other than the dealer, and so we find that our chest of drawers is clearly marked“XPT.”What does that mean? Would he accept XOS in cash for a quick sale?许多古董商有个讨厌的习惯,喜欢用代码来标价。有时是直接以字母替代数字,如A代表1,D代表4,以此类推。更常见的情况是,字母代表的意思曲里拐弯,复杂极了,除了古董商以外,没有人能弄明白。所以,我们才会发现我们看中的五斗柜上,清清楚楚地标了个“XPT”。那是什么意思啊?如果现金结账,迅速成交,他能接受“XOS”吗?Why can’t the rascal mark his prices in dollars and cents like they do at Bloomingdale’s? What is he playing at?The game is called“matching the price to the customer.”这无赖难道不能像曼哈顿的布鲁明黛尔百货公司那样,用元、角、分来标价吗?他到底玩的是什么把戏呢?这游戏叫做“看人出价”。While you have been looking at the chest of drawers, the dealer has been looking at you, and you’re both considering the same question—how much?—from different points of view.Depending on how you’re dressed, how interested you seem to be in buying, and how interested he is in selling, the price might fluctuate significantly.就在你仔细端详那只五斗柜时,古董商也在上上下下打量你,而你们俩都在心里盘算同一个问题——多少钱?只是看法、角度各异罢了。凭你的穿着、你购买欲望的大小、你出手兴趣的高低,价格可以上下大幅波动。But you’re not to know that.It is one of the dealer’s little secrets.Don’t let it worry you, because you can play the game, too.Call the man over, and get a price from him.Whatever figure he mentions, brush it aside.No, no, you say.Give me the trade price.(Normally, quite a lot less.)但你是不会知晓个中玄机的,这是古董商的一个小秘密。你不用为此烦心,因为你同样可以玩这套把戏。你只管把那男子叫过来,问他价钱。无论他报什么价,都把它晾在一边。不对,不对,你也可以说,给我个行价吧(通常价格会少很多)。The dealer will look at you through narrowed eyes.Are you really another dealer, or just a robber in a well-cut suit?那古董商会眯起眼来打量你。难道你也是个古董商?You give him a business card and show him your checkbook, and there it is, printed proof: COOPER ANTIQUES, PERIOD FURNITURE, VIEWING BY APPOINTMENT ONLY.或只是一个衣冠楚楚的强盗?你递给他一张名片。再给他看你的票簿,上面清清楚楚地印着几行字:“库珀古玩店,老式家具,只限预约看货”。I know a man who has been doing this for years, and he has now completely refurnished his house at special trade prices, even though he’s no more a dealer than my butcher’s dog is.我认识一个人,他这么做已经有好多年了。虽然他和那个肉贩子养的一样,和古董商一点关系都没有,但到现在,他已经靠如此这般的特惠价,把整个家又重新装潢了一遍。When I asked him if he thought that this was the kind of sharp practice that an unsporting judge might describe as fraudulent misrepresentation, he just grinned.Didn’t I know?有次我问他,用这种不正当的手段找便宜,若碰上个正经八百、光明正大的法官,会不会判你个招摇撞骗罪呢?Most antiques bounce back and forth between dealers for years before they find places in private homes.All he was doing, in his own small way, was helping to speed up the turnover of stock, giving the dealers the money to go out and buy more antiques from other dealers.他只是咧嘴笑了一笑。难道我会不知道吗?大部分的古董要在各家古董商之间来回倒腾好几年,才会找到一户人家好生安顿下来的。他利用这套小把戏所做的一切,无非是了帮助古董商加快存货周转的速度,好让他们腾出更多的资金,到外面向别的商家买进更多的古董。The way he saw it, he was doing the entire business a service. Even if you’re not prepared to disguise yourself as a gentleman dealer, you must still resist the impulse to pay the asking price.照他的说法,他这是在造福整个古董业。即使你并无打算把自己假扮成一个绅士派头十足的古董商,你仍然要抑制住内心的冲动,千万不可乖乖地按对方的出价付钱,一定要还价。Make an offer, but not before making a few disparaging remarks about rickety legs, dents, scars, and interesting blemishes that have accrued with the passage of centuries.The dealer expects it.但还价前,你一定要对想买的东西贬损一番,比如说,脚站不稳啦,有凹痕,还有刮伤,以及一些因岁月流转而自然产生的斑驳陆离的缺陷。In fact, he might be hurt if you didn’t point them out, because he may have spent several days in his workshop putting them on.实际上,古董商正等着你这样做呢。你如果挑不出毛病来,他可能还觉得自尊心受到了伤害。The process of aging an object or a piece of furniture overnight—or“distressing”it—is an art in itself, and it is miraculous what a talented distresser can do with rusty nails and pumice stone and a mixture of soot and bees-wax.因为,那些所谓的缺陷搞不好是他花了好几天的时间,才在作坊里制造出来的呢。一晚上便让一样东西或是一件家具衰老上几十年、甚至几百年——姑且称之为“折磨”吧,它本身也是一种艺术。More miraculous still is how three-legged chairs can suddenly sprout a fourth leg, marquetry with a bad case of acne can regain a smooth complexion, and tables originally constructed for midgets can grow to adult height.正是这些行刑的天才靠着生锈的铁钉、粗粝的浮石,加上煤灰与蜜蜡的混合物,创造了种种神奇。还有更神奇的呢,原来三只脚的椅子会突然长出第四只脚;原来满是青春痘的镶嵌工艺,会重现光滑的面容;原来给侏儒做的矮桌子,会一下子蹿到普通成人的高度。Inevitably, some killjoy will try to belittle these marvels of inventive restoration.We all have at least one acquaintance who is a self-appointed expert and whose mission in life is to tell you that you have bought a fake.Shaking his head at your foolishness, he will point out in great detail what you were too dumb to see for yourself.It’s not a bad piece, he’ll say, but you could hardly call it a genuine antique.But what the hell.Does it matter?当然,你不免会碰到个把煞风景的家伙,总想贬低这些变造复古的创举。我们至少认识一个这样的人。他自封为内行。他毕生的使命就是要告诉你,你买到的全是假货。他一边晃着脑袋说你笨,一边事无巨细、不厌其烦地向你指出,你怎么笨到连这一处都没看出来呀。他会说,这物件虽然算不上糟糕,但你不能说它是真古董。但那又有什么关系吗?If the piece pleases you, if the faking has been done well, who cares? You bought it to live with, not to sell.如果你喜欢这东西,又假得高明,几可乱真,谁管它是真、还是假?The antique know-it-all is a pest who should be locked up in the bowels of the Metropolitan Museum to study pre-Columbian bidets. Occasionally the situation will be reversed and a genuine piece will be treated with as little respect as would a sheet of plywood.I was once in a Manhattan antique shop when a decorator came in with his client.更何况你买它是为了在生活里用的,又不是为了去卖。其实,这些无所不知的古董专家都是公害,应该关进大都会物馆的最里面,让他们去研究前哥伦布时期的澡盆。偶尔也有乾坤颠倒的情况。一件真品被当作了一张胶合板似的东西而得不到应有的尊重。我有一次在曼哈顿的古董店,碰见了一位室内装饰设计师,带着他的客户来到店中。(I knew he was a decorator by the effortless way in which he spent thousands of dollars in the first ten minutes.)(我看得出来他是室内设计师。因为一进门,他就在10分钟之内轻松花掉了好几千美金。)He paused in front of a magnificent fifteenth-century oak dining table— absolutely authentic, in wonderful condition, a piece of great rarity.在一张外表华丽的15世纪橡木餐桌(绝对是真品)前面,他停了下来。桌子保存情况也非常好,可算是一件稀世珍宝。He heard the price without flinching.“We’ll take it,”he said,“but you’ll have to cut two feet off the end so that it will fit in the breakfast alcove.”他听了价钱后,显出一副毫不畏缩的样子,说:“我们要买它,但你必须锯掉它的两只脚,这样它才能被塞进壁龛里当早餐桌用。”The dealer was in shock.I don’t like to see a man wrestle with his conscience, so I didn’t wait to see whether he sold the table or whether his principles got the better of him.古董商大吃一惊。我不愿看到一个人良心挣扎的样子。所以,我没有留下来看他是卖掉了桌子呢,还是他的原则占了上风。我喜欢古董能为人所用,而不是当神供起来。Personally, I like antiques to be used rather than worshiped, but I did wonder how the table’s maker would have felt about his work being chopped up and put in a breakfast nook.Over the years I have been attracted to a wide variety of antiques, an admirer of all and an expert on none.但我的确还是想知道,造这张桌子的匠人,若是知道他的作品被截肢,并被塞进某个角落里当了餐桌,他不知该作何感想啊。多年来,我感兴趣的古董种类繁多。我是什么都爱,但什么都不精。I have liked Chippendale chairs, Chinese porcelain, kitchen artifacts, Lalique glass, Georgian commodes—just about everything except art, which is a separate and overpriced world of its own.Unfortunately for my aspirations as a collector, I have realized that nature did not equip me for the task.我曾喜欢过18世纪英国齐本德尔式的椅子,中国的瓷器,厨房用品,雕花玻璃和乔治王时代的橱柜——除了艺术作品以外,几乎无所不爱。因为这艺术作品自成一个单独的、定价过高的领域。虽然我渴望成为一名收藏家,但不幸的是,我发现上苍并没有赋予我应有的天资。我忍受不了生活里有什么东西,让我在经过时不得不蹑手蹑脚地绕过去,甚至不敢碰它一下。I can’t stand living with objects that I have to tiptoe around and hardly dare to touch.I like to be able to sit on chairs, eat at tables, drink from glasses, and collapse onto beds without feeling that I am committing sacrilege or risking breakage and financial ruin.我喜欢椅子就是给人坐的,桌子就是用来在上面吃东西的,玻璃杯就是可以拿来喝水的,床就是可以往上面砰然倒下的,而无需觉得我是在亵渎宝物,或是冒东西被毁甚至破产的风险。I now live with furniture and objects that are either virtually indestructible or easily replaceable.现在我生活里用的家具和物品,要么是坏不了的,要么很容易找到替代品。Old, perhaps, but sturdy.I avoid fragility.And there is something else that I avoid and that, if you are only a moderately rich millionaire, you should avoid, too: the chic auction.或许它们很老,但很坚固。我对脆弱可是敬而远之的。另外还有一件事,我也是敬而远之的。而且,你如果只是个中不溜秋的百万富翁,那你更该对它敬而远之:那就是时髦的拍卖会。The people who go to the big salesrooms, glossy brochures tucked under mink-clad arms, are not like you and me.那些身着貂皮大衣,手臂下夹着精装目录走进大拍卖场的人,绝非不入流的、你我可与攀比之辈。They might be upper-crust dealers, professional bidders for foundations, or just grade-A plutocrats, but they have one thing in common: they are loaded.And when loaded people get together in the overcranked atmosphere of competitive bidding, prices disappear upward within seconds.他们可能是上流的古董商,也可能是代表基金会的职业投标人,要不就是顶级的富豪,他们共有一个特点:富得流油。一群极其富有的人在一起扎堆,在竞买火暴的气氛里,不出几秒钟就能把价格哄抬到九霄云外。If you should decide, out of curiosity, to be a spectator at one of these million-dollar orgies, the golden rule is to sit on your hands.假如你出于好奇,决定当一回看客,出席这种一掷千金、面不改色的狂欢会,那你就应该遵守一条金科玉律:把手搁在屁股底下。One absentminded scratch of your ear might catch the auctioneer’s eye and you could find yourself with a twelfth-century bleeding cup and a bill the size of a mortgage.也许你的一个不经意的动作,只是抓了一下耳朵,可能就会被眼尖的拍卖师逮个正着。然后,你就会发现有一个12世纪的滴血杯和一张数额大如抵押贷款的账单,摆在了你的面前。You’re safer with Art Nouveau coatracks.看来,还是买那种新艺术风格的衣帽架更保险些。 /201311/266352Japan begins whaling season with meat feast for school children日本一年一度捕鲸季节开始 小学生被邀请品尝鲸鱼肉(C N N) -- Whalers from a Japanese coastal town have celebrated the start of this year#39;s hunting season by slicing up a whale in front of a crowd of school children.日本海岸城市的捕鲸人在一群小学生面前宰杀了一头鲸鱼,以此来庆祝今年捕鲸季节的开始。In the town of Wada, 62 miles (100 kilo meters) south of Tokyo in Chiba prefecture, dozens of 10- year- old students watched Thursday as workers carved up a 30-foot Baird#39;s beaked whale during an educational field trip, before being served a meal of fried whale meat.在东京南部62英里千叶市管辖区的wada,一群约10岁左右的学生在他们春游时,观看了一个大约30英尺高的贝氏喙鲸在端上餐桌前被屠杀的过程。Whaling remains a way of life for fishermen in Wada, and they are eager to pass on the trade to the next generation. Children are taught about the history of whaling, the biology of the animals, and how to cook the meat.在Wada,捕鲸仍是他们生活的一部分,而他们也急于将这一传统传递给下一代。他们教授孩子们捕鲸的历史,鲸鱼的生物知识以及如何烹饪鲸鱼肉。Whalers say they#39;ve been catching and eating whales in the area for centuries. This year#39;s hunting season, which began on June 20, is the first since an international court ordered Japan to end its controversial research whaling expedition in the Antarctic, after failing to find evidence the program had legitimate scientific value捕鲸人说在这个地方,他们捕鲸吃鲸的历史已有百年了。自从联合国海牙国际法庭作出判决要求日本终止在南极海以科学调查的名义的捕鲸活动,今年6月20号开始的捕鲸季是第一个。So far this year, Gai bo Whaling Company has hunted six whales in the city#39;s coastal waters and plans to catch another 24 before the season ends in August.直到现在为止,Gai bao捕鲸公司已在城市周边海域猎杀了6条鲸鱼并计划在八月捕鲸季结束前再猎杀24条。Despite the Antarctic ban and growing pressure from the international community, Japan has continued it s northwest Pacific scientific whaling mission. It is also eager to revise it s Antarctic program to allow the hunt to continue while satisfying the demands of the U. N.#39;s International Court of Justice.尽管有不允许在南极海捕鲸的禁令,还有来自国际社会的不断施压,日本仍然继续了他们在西北部太平洋的捕鲸科研任务。他们也非常迫切的想要修改他们在南极海的捕鲸科研计划,以获得联合国国际法庭的允许能够继续捕鲸。In Japan#39;s parliament last month, Prime Minister Shin zo Abe said he would like the country to resume commercial whaling ;in order to obtain scientific information indispensable to the management of the whale resources.;上个月在日本议会中,首相安倍晋三说他希望日本能继续商业捕鲸,“以此来获得对鲸类必不可少的科研信息。”But environmentalists say Japan#39;s whaling research program is a thinly veiled attempt to circumvent a ban on the commercial whale meat trade.但是环境保护者则说日本的捕鲸研究项目是为了规避商业鲸肉贸易的禁令。Patrick Ramage from the International Fund for Animal Wel fare believes it#39;s time Japan moved from killing whales to conserving them.国际动物福利基金会的Patrick Ramage认为日本应该停止捕鲸、保护鲸鱼了。;Respect for cultural differences is fundamental, but friends of Japan and fans of Japanese culture around the world are watching this with sadness,; Ramage told C N N#39;s Will Ripley.Ramage这样告诉C N N的Will Ripley:“尽管尊重文化差异至关重要,但是许多日本朋友以及对日本文化感兴趣的人们都注视着他们的行动,并且为之感到难过。”;Japanese school children should be meeting whales through whale watching, not eating whale meat,; he said.他说:“日本学生应该通过鲸鱼表演时观看鲸鱼,而不是在餐桌上。”Japan#39;s supporters of eating whale meat say that it is a tradition that dates back hundreds of years, and accuses western critics of cultural imperialism. But consumption rates across the country have fallen in recent years, leading to large stock piles of whale meat.日本鲸肉持者则说,这是已有上百年历史的日本传统,并指责西方批评家们的文化帝国主义。但是全国的鲸肉购买率今年已经下降了,导致大量鲸肉滞存。Last month, Japan#39;s Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Ministry released a photo of the agriculture minister Yoshimasa Haya shi eating a bowl of whale meat to encourage other Japanese citizen to do the same, and visitors to the ministry were given free samples of the delicacy.上个月,日本的农林水产部发表了一张部长长林方正吃鲸肉的照片,以此来鼓励日本国民。而去部里参观的游客也会得到免费的相关样品。In a survey of Japanese people released in April, only 4% of respondents said they ate whale meat occasionally, compared to 37% who said they didn#39;t eat i t at all.四月一份对日本人民的调查显示,只有4%参与调查的人们说他们经常吃鲸肉,另有37%的人们说他们从没吃过。 /201408/322120黑龙江深度挂号预约网

双城区做人授多少钱Large technology companies will experience the same collapse in reputation as banks have endured in recent years unless they rapidly change their policy approach, business leaders have cautioned.大型科技公司恐将重蹈近年来的覆辙,遭遇声誉危机,除非他们迅速改变经营策略,商业领袖警告称。Their warning was directed at the influential heads of technology companies, such as those in Silicon Valley, who were told they needed to recognise that self-regulation would not be sufficient to stave off public alarm about issues such as privacy.他们的警告针对有影响力的科技公司负责人,如硅谷的企业家们。他们指出,这些企业家需要承认,自律措施不足以避免公众对隐私等问题的恐慌。“Self-regulation, no matter what you do, is just not going to be good enough [for tech companies],” said Paul Achleitner, chairman of the supervisory board of Deutsche Bank. Addressing the Davos economic forum, he pointed out that a self-regulatory approach had been previously employed by banks — but notably failed to quell the political backlash against their over-reach.“不管你做什么,自律(对科技公司来说)都将是不够完善的,”德意志(Deutsche Bank)监事会主席保罗#8226;阿赫莱特纳(Paul Achleitner)说。他在达沃斯经济论坛的演讲中指出,自律方式先前已被所采用——但很明显这未能平息政治上对过度行为的强烈反对。His comments come as opposition grows, particularly in Europe, to the cultural dominance of US tech giants such as Google and Facebook, fuelled by concerns about widesp US internet surveillance and corporate tax avoidance.他发表此番言论之时,反对美国科技巨头如谷歌(Google)和Facebook文化主导权的声音正在增加,尤其是在欧洲。对无所不在的美国互联网监控以及企业避税的担忧助长了这些反对声音。Google became a target last month for the European Parliament, which backed a motion calling on regulators to consider breaking up the company. The European Commission has also reopened an antitrust probe into the search giant. Uber, the taxi app company, has also faced protests from incumbent groups across Europe.谷歌上个月成为欧洲议会(European Parliament)的目标,后者持一项呼吁监管机构考虑分拆该公司的议案。欧盟委员会(European Commission)也重新启动了针对这家搜索巨头的反垄断调查。出租车应用公司优步(Uber)则面临来自欧洲各地传统企业的抗议。“Never assume that because something has been common practice [in the past] it will not be judged harshly in the future,” Mr Achleitner said. He argued that just as bankers had been surprised by the speed at which political attitudes towards them had changed during the 20th century financial revolution, tech leaders could be shocked by a similar shift in the “technology revolution” of the 21st century.阿赫莱特纳说,“永远不要因为某些事情(在过去)已经成为惯例,就以为它不会在未来受到尖锐的批评。”他认为,正如在20世纪金融革命中家惊讶于政治态度的快速改变,科技业领袖也会在21世纪的“技术革命”中被类似的转变所震惊。Fadi Chehadé, president of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, the main entity that organises web domains, said that the collapse of trust in technology companies could be “just as big” as it had been for banks. “It’s real [as a threat],” he said, adding that most tech leaders had been far too complacent about the reputational risks.互联网名称与数字地址分配机构(ICANN)总裁法迪·切哈德(Fadi Chehadé)表示,对科技公司信任的崩塌可能与的遭遇“一样严重”。“这是真实的(作为一种威胁),”他说,大多数科技公司负责人都对声誉风险过于自满。The comments are striking because in recent years the level of trust in technology companies has been extraordinarily high, relative to banks.由于近年来对科技公司的信任程度相对于已经处于相当高的水平,所以这些颇为引人注目。 /201501/356551哈尔滨哪个医院做无痛人流好些 哈尔滨市道里区妇幼保健所有微创手术吗

哈尔滨哪家医院做人流技术好在哪“QUOTATIONS FROM CHAIRMAN MAO” is the book that gave new meaning to the term “must-.” First published in 1964, and distributed by the hundreds of millions, it was the catechism of the Cultural Revolution, a compendium of snippets from speeches and writings by Mao Zedong that each and every Chinese citizen was expected not just to flip through, but also to study, memorize and recite.《毛主席语录》为“必读”一词赋予了新的涵义。该书于1964年首版,发行了上亿本,堪称“文化大革命”的教义手册。它是毛泽东的讲话与文章的片段摘要,每个中国人都应当阅读,不是草草翻阅,而是仔细研究和背诵,脱口就能引用。Pop quizzes separated the good students from the bad, with the threat of serious consequences. Shoppers who turned up at the state food stores, for example, could expect a thorough grilling before they were waved through — or not.对《语录》的突击测验能把毛主席的好学生与坏学生区分开来,坏学生会面临很严重的后果。比如说,去国营食品店买东西的顾客就会遭到详细的盘问,之后才能获准购物——也许还会被拒之门外。“The Little Red Book,” as it came to be known outside China, a reference to its red binding, is the subject of “Quotations of Chairman Mao: 50th Anniversary Exhibition, 1964-2014,” at the Grolier Club, where it opened on Wednesday. The exhibition puts on display books and propaganda material from the collection of Justin G. Schiller, an antiquarian book seller who, with his partner, Dennis M. V. David, runs Battledore Ltd. in Kingston, N.Y.在中国以外的地方,这本书因其红色装帧被称为“小红书”。星期三,一场名为“毛主席语录:50周年展,1964-2014”在格罗列尔俱乐部举行,主题正是“小红书”。该展览将展出贾斯汀·G·希勒(Justin G. Schiller)收集的书籍和宣传材料,他是一位古董书商,与合作伙伴丹尼斯·M·V·大卫(Dennis M. V. David)共同在纽约州金斯顿经营“板羽球”有限公司。Mr. Schiller, known as a specialist in children’s books, especially the work of Maurice Sendak, developed his somewhat unusual fixation on a trip to China in 1998, when he visited the National Library in Beijing and asked how to identify a first edition of the “Quotations.”希勒是童书专家,特别精通莫里斯·桑达克(Maurice Sendak)的书籍,1998年他访问中国期间才开始有了这个多少有些不同寻常的爱好。当时他去北京的国家图书馆,想问如何鉴别第一版的《语录》。The complicated answer led him down a winding trail. He got his hands on a first edition, but soon became intrigued by the Cultural Revolution and Mao worship, epitomized in the “Quotations” and its myriad spinoffs: propaganda posters, toys, decorated mirrors, carafes, tea trays and lapel pins, all represented in the Grolier exhibition.这个复杂的问题引着他走上了一条曲折的道路。他搞到了一本初版《语录》,《语录》所代表的“文化大革命”和对毛的个人崇拜很快就激起了他的强烈兴趣,此外《语录》还有无数衍生品:政治宣传画、玩具、用语录装饰的镜子、玻璃水瓶、茶碟和像章,这些物品都在格罗列尔的展览上展出。“I became interested in the whole pattern of how the book grew and developed,” Mr. Schiller said. “Ultimately, my interest grew into a collection.”“我开始对这本书的整个发展方式感兴趣,”希勒说,“最终,我的兴趣进一步发展成为收藏。”The exhibition begins at the beginning, and even before, with several precursor anthologies that can be seen as steppingstones to the “Quotations,” first issued with a white paper cover in spring 1964. Vinyl bindings in three shades of blue were tried out, but within a few months, the red vinyl cover with an incised red star in the center, now familiar, appeared, and red it remained, all over the world. One of the more arresting display cases includes nearly identical copies of the “Quotations” in dozens of languages, from Albanian to Uighur.展览以《语录》的开端作为开始,甚至可以说更早——它们是若干早期选集,于1964年春出版,可以被视为《语录》的铺路石。它们是白色的平装封面,还有塑胶外封,尝试了三种色调的蓝色。但是几个月后,正中雕有立体红星的红色塑封版就出炉了,这个红色的版本如今已经为人们所熟悉,一直保留下来,传遍全球。一个更引人瞩目的展柜中放着《语录》的数十个不同语言版本,从阿尔巴尼亚语到维吾尔语,它们看上去几乎一模一样。It was Lin Biao, Mao’s minister of defense and, for a time, his designated successor, who hit on the idea of presenting the leader’s thoughts in an easily digested format. Aware that the often poorly educated soldiers of the People’s Liberation Army had, at best, a rudimentary understanding of Mao’s political ideas, Lin ordered the army newspaper to publish brief excerpts from Mao every day. These could be absorbed in bite-size pieces and then analyzed by each brigade in evening study sessions guided by superior officers.林彪是毛的国防部长,也一度是他钦点的接班人。正是林彪想出了把领袖的观点编纂成容易理解的形式。林彪知道中国人民解放军的士兵大都没受过良好教育,至多也只能粗略理解毛的政治观点,便要求解放军的报纸每天配发毛的简短语录。这些语录应当被浓缩为格言的长度,然后在部队军官组织的晚间学习中进行分析。The newspaper feature proved so successful that the army’s General Political Department put together a book, with Mao’s thoughts organized by topic into 30 chapters. By the time the canonical third edition came out in 1965, the anthology ran to 270 pages, with 33 chapters and 427 ations. The presses ran overtime to churn out enough copies to put in the hands of every Chinese citizen.报纸登出的语录大受欢迎,于是解放军总政治部将它们集结成册,把毛的思想按主题编纂为30章。1965年出版了权威的第三版,页数是270页,共有33章,收录427条语录。印刷厂加班加点,让中国人可以人手拥有一册。By 1967, about 700 million books had been printed, and it has been estimated that five billion copies had been printed by the end of the 20th century, with editions in 52 languages. Mr. Schiller has copies in all but two of them, Pashto and Turkish. A Braille edition is included in the exhibition.1967年,《语录》的印数已经达到7亿本,到20世纪末,总印数估计在50万册,共有52个语言的版本,希勒先生手中只差普什图语版和土耳其语版,展览中还收录有盲文版。Many copies ended up being a few pages shorter. In 1971, Lin, rumored to be plotting against Mao, fled China and died when his airplane crashed in Mongolia. A Party decree required anyone who had the “Quotations” to rip out from the book’s opening pages Lin’s endorsement, in his reproduced calligraphy, and, where applicable, a preface he wrote in December 1966.很多版本都缺少几页。1971年,被传阴谋反毛的林彪逃离中国,因飞机失事死于蒙古境内。一项党的命令要求所有人把《语录》扉页的林彪毛笔书法题词撕去,此外还有他在1966年12月写的序言。The prose of the “Quotations” was prosaic — “The masses have a potentially inexhaustible enthusiasm for socialism,” one typical excerpt begins — and at times baffling. It is hard to know what lesson even the most ardent Communist might have drawn from this: “One can get a grip on something only when it is grasped firmly, without the slightest slackening. Not to grasp firmly is not to grasp at all. Naturally, one cannot get a grip on something with an open hand. When the hand is clenched as if grasping something but is not clenched tightly, there is still no grip.”《语录》中有的句子很乏味——“群众中蕴藏了一种极大的社会主义的积极性”——其中典型的一段是这么开始的;有时也让人困惑。“什么东西只有抓得很紧,毫不放松,才能抓住。抓而不紧,等于不抓。伸着巴掌,当然什么也抓不住。就是把手握起来,但是不握紧,样子象抓,还是抓不住东西。”最热忱的共产党员能够从中学到什么东西不得而知。The words hardly mattered. The book held sway as a symbol, not a program of ideas, which is why it lent itself so ily to propaganda uses. Bold posters showed crowds holding the book aloft, their faces radiant with joy. At home, citizens could pour water from a “Little Red Book” carafe, wake up to a “Little Red Book” alarm clock with a soldier’s arm waving the book back and forth, and watch as their children played with rubber “Little Red Book” dolls.这些语言没有什么关系。挥舞这本书已经成为一种象征,而不是为了传达观念,所以它才那么容易就被作为政治宣传之用。醒目的招贴画上,可以看到人们高高举起这本书,脸上闪烁着快乐的光芒。在家里,人们用印有“红宝书”的水瓶倒水,伴随着“红宝书”闹铃声起床,闹钟上有个士兵高举着这本书,胳膊来回挥舞,孩子们则用橡胶的“红宝书”娃娃做游戏。One of the more intriguing examples is a rosy-cheeked boy who holds a rifle in one hand, a red book in the other, and presses one foot firmly down on the head of an American soldier with a military policeman’s helmet. “They squeak when you press them,” Mr. Schiller said.更有趣的是一个脸色红润的男孩,一手拿来复,一手举红宝书,脚下稳稳地踩着一个美国士兵的脑袋。士兵还戴着军警头盔,“一捏它就会发出吱吱声,希勒说。”There is a book of songs, “Quotations of Chairman Mao Tse-tung Set to Music,” that includes ditties like “A Revolution Is Not a Dinner Party.” Mr. Schiller owns a “Quotations” LP that came with an exercise book, so that listeners could get a Party-endorsed workout while enjoying the music.此外还有歌本,《毛主席语录歌曲集》中收入了《革命不是请客吃饭》等小曲。希勒有一张《语录》歌曲的黑胶唱片,还附有一个体操手册,听者可以一边欣赏音乐,一边做经党批准的体操锻炼。In the West, the book commanded the attention of two audiences. The Maoist faithful, small in numbers but fervent, drank it in like a revolutionary elixir. Publishers saw it as an invitation to sell parody books, both satirical (“Quotations From Chairman L.B.J.”) and serious (“Quotations From Chairman Jesus”). Such was the power of the brand that, decades after Mao’s death, publishers churned out “Quotations” parodies for Jesse Ventura and Tony Blair.在西方,这本书主要吸引两种读者。一种是忠诚的毛主义者,他们人数虽少,但却非常狂热,将之视为革命的灵丹妙药,照单全收。另外就是觉得可以趁此机会卖点戏仿书籍的出版商。这些戏仿有的是讽刺,如《林敦·约翰逊主席语录》(Quotations From Chairman L.B.J.);有的是严肃的,如《耶稣主席语录》(Quotations From Chairman Jesus)。这就是品牌的力量,以至于毛去世几十年后,出版商还在炮制戏仿的杰西·文图拉(Jesse Ventura)和托尼·布莱尔(Tony Blair)语录。Readers inclined to scoff at what is probably the world’s most popular book, after the Bible, might take a look at the American best-seller lists in the mid-1960s, when the Cultural Revolution kicked into gear. While thousands of Red Guard zealots held the red book aloft, shouting revolutionary slogans, American ers thrilled to “Valley of the Dolls” and “How to Avoid Probate.” There is no accounting for taste.《毛主席语录》或许是这个世界上最畅销的书籍,仅次于《圣经》,倾向于嘲弄这本书的人不妨看看美国60年代中期的畅销书单,当时“文化大革命”刚刚开始。当成千上万狂热的红卫兵高举红宝书,高呼革命口号的时候,美国读者正在为《娃娃谷》(Valley of the Dolls)和《怎样避免遗嘱认》(How to Avoid Probate)而着迷。品味这东西真是很难说。 /201411/343587 伊春妇幼保健妇保医院是正规医院吗哈尔滨市第三医院妇科医生

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