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来源:预约养生    发布时间:2020年01月27日 05:06:42    编辑:admin         

Everybody loves disruption, except the people who are being disrupted. As Uber, the app-based ride-hailing service, has sp rapidly from its San Francisco home to cities around the world, it has repeatedly faced resistance from incumbent taxi operators, who are often politically influential. Regulators and legislators from Brussels to Beijing have moved to restrict Uber’s operations.每个人都热爱破坏,除了那些受到破坏影响的人。随着基于应用的叫车务优步(Uber)迅速从其大本营旧金山扩张至全球各地,它也不断面临来自通常拥有政治影响力的现有出租车运营商的抵制。从布鲁塞尔到北京的监管者和立法者已开始对优步的运营加以限制。Some of the fiercest opposition has come in Europe, where the culture clash between the remorseless competition of the US tech industry and the locals’ respect for tradition and deference to established interests is especially stark. While Uber’s operations give rise to legitimate questions about safety and congestion, the public interest issues used as pretexts for cracking down on the company are often spurious. The proposed new restrictions in London, which would put Uber at a competitive disadvantage against the city’s black cabs, are a case in point.优步面临的一些最强烈的反对来自欧洲,在那里,美国科技业的冷酷竞争与当地对传统的尊重和对既得利益的顺从之间的文化冲突尤其明显。尽管优步的运营引发了关于安全性和交通拥堵的合理问题,但那些被用作打击优步之借口的所谓公众利益问题常常站不住脚。伦敦新提出的限制就是一个典型的例子,这些限制使优步相对于伦敦的“黑色”出租车陷于不利的竞争地位。Uber has often not helped its own cause. Concerns about the company’s use of data on customers’ movements, allegations that an executive had talked about smearing unfriendly journalists and complaints about its tax planning have made it harder for Uber to win the battle for hearts and minds.优步却常常自毁长城。人们对该公司利用顾客出行数据的担忧、关于一名高管谈论搞臭不友好记者的指控、以及对其税务筹划的抱怨,使优步更难在这场人心争夺战中取得胜利。It has been seeking to bolster its soft skills by hiring experienced political operators and has sharpened up how it presents its arguments. London is a chance to show that the investment has been worthwhile.优步一直在努力通过雇佣老练的政治操手提升自己的软技能,并已改进了提出论点的方式。伦敦是一次明优步的这些投资物有所值的机会。As in other cities, the proposals of Transport for London, which regulates the city’s taxis, are dressed up as measures to protect public safety. The details of the measures reveal how flimsy those justifications are.与其他城市一样,管理伦敦出租车行业的伦敦交通局(Transport for London)的提议被粉饰为保护公众安全的措施。措施的具体细节表明了这些理由是多么不堪一击。For example, one idea is to make riders wait at least five minutes before being picked up after hailing a ride through Uber or another similar service, even if there is an available driver close by, an obstruction that will provide nothing but irritation for passengers. Another suggestion is that drivers should be allowed to use only one ride-hailing app, which would impede one of the most effective checks on any abuses by Uber: competition between a number of different services.例如,其中一个主意是让通过优步或其他类似务叫车的乘客在被接上之前至少等待5分钟,即使可提供务的司机就在附近。这种障碍除了激起乘客的愤怒什么作用也没有。另一个建议是司机只应被允许使用一种叫车应用,这只会使遏制优步的任何过度行为最有效的方式之一——让多种不同叫车务展开竞争——受到阻碍。In this somewhat random set of ideas, it is hard not to see an attempt by Boris Johnson, London’s mayor, to restore relations with the city’s black cab drivers. Many of them backed him when he was voted into office in 2008, and plenty are natural supporters of his Conservative administration, but his perceived reluctance to clamp down on Uber has led to angry protests against him.在这套或多或少有些随意的想法中,不难看出伦敦市长鲍里斯约翰逊(Boris Johnson)试图与该市出租车司机修复关系的想法。2008年约翰逊当选伦敦市长时很多出租车司机投票持他,而且很多司机是其保守党政府天然的持者,但约翰逊却给人以不愿打压优步的印象,结果招致了愤怒的抗议。Transport for London has opened a consultation on its proposals, and may not adopt any of them. For an ostensibly pro-market Conservative administration, it will be hard to justify restraints on innovation simply because it creates losers as well as winners. Uber has right on its side — consumers, not regulators, should decide which transport options are best for them — but that may not be enough. Its campaign to block the proposals has started well: an online petition had by this weekend received more than 132,000 signatures. But while its business relies on a technological solution for navigating a city’s streets, there is no such fix for finding a route through its politics.伦敦交通局已经就其提议启动了咨询,但或许不会通过其中任何一条提议。对于表面上为亲市场派的保守党当局来说,很难找到合理的理由仅仅因为创新同时产生了赢家和输家就加以限制。优步手握一定的正义——应该由消费者(而非监管者)来决定何种交通方式是最好的——但这或许不够。优步阻挠这些提议的活动已经打下了很好的开局:一项网上请愿到上周末已经收集到了逾13.2万个签名。但是,尽管优步的业务依赖于提供城市街道导航的技术解决方案,但它没有同样的解决方案为自己提供“政治导航”。If it wants to continue to grow in London and around the world, Uber needs to be able to persuade politicians that it is worth facing down the established taxi operators who are resisting change. If vested interests prevent its innovations in service from reaching their full potential, it would count as an enormous missed opportunity.要想在伦敦及全球各地继续增长,优步需要说政客相信,挫败那些抵制改变的现有出租车运营商是值得的。如果既得利益最终阻止优步的务创新实现其最大潜能,优步将错过一次巨大机遇。 /201510/403312。

The two most senior Uber executives in France are in police custody following complaints that they were conspiring to organise illegal work, just days after thousands of taxi drivers took to the streets to protest against the US group.Uber在法国的两名职位最高的高管昨日被警方拘留,他们被人指控合谋组织非法运营,就在几天前,数千名出租车司机上街示威,抗议这家美国公司。UUber confirmed that Pierre-Dimitri Gore-Coty, its general manager in western Europe, and Thibaud Simphal, head of the company’s operations in the country, were detained by police in relation to a complaint filed late last year by one of the country’s taxi unions.ber实,该公司负责西欧业务的总经理皮埃尔-迪米特里#8226;戈尔-科蒂(Pierre-Dimitri Gore-Coty)以及该公司在法国的业务主管蒂#8226;桑法尔(Thibaud Simphal)因去年底法国某出租车工会提起的投诉被警方拘留。Two people close to the matter said that the pair could be held for up to 48 hours, and added that the complaint related to the company’s UberPop service, which allows users to arrange rides with private cars.两名知情人士称,二人可能被拘留最长48小时。他们补充称,指控与Uber在法国的UberPop务有关,通过这项务,用户可以选择私家车出行。 /201507/383710。

Apple’s iPhone juggernaut is showing no signs of slowing down — at least where first-weekend sales are concerned.苹果(Apple)惊人的iPhone销售没有呈现放缓迹象——至少从首个周末的销量来看是这样。On Monday, Apple said it had sold more than 13 million new iPhone 6s and 6s Plus devices since they became available for sale on Friday, a record for first-weekend sales. That was up from the 10 million iPhones sold last year during the first weekend that the iPhone 6 and 6 Plus were sold.本周一,苹果公司表示,新的iPhone 6s和6s Plus从上周五开始发售以来共卖出了逾1300万部,创下了首个周末的销售记录。去年iPhone 6和6 Plus的首个周末销量为1000万部。Any increase in sales was most likely helped by the geography of the markets where the new iPhones became available. This year, the iPhones went on sale in a dozen countries and territories, including China, which is one of Apple’s biggest markets. Last year, China was not among the countries that sold the iPhone on the first weekend, apparently because the devices had not received approval from Chinese regulators.新iPhone销量增长的重要原因,可能是其首发市场的变化。iPhone今年的首发市场包括十几个国家和地区,其中就有苹果最大的市场之一中国。去年,中国不在iPhone的首发地区名单中,似乎是因为设备当时没有获得中国监管机构的批准。Adding China to the product introduction more than doubled the initial market size, according to Walter Piecyk, an analyst at BTIG Research. Jan Dawson, the chief analyst at Jackdaw Research, said he also expected first-weekend sales to be higher than last year because the period for ordering the new iPhones before their sale date was longer than that for the previous generation of the device.BTIG研究公司(BTIG Research)分析师沃尔特·皮西科(Walter Piecyk)表示,将中国加入首发地区名单使得初始市场规模增加了一倍多。穴鸟研究公司(Jackdaw Research)的首席分析师简·道森(Jan Dawson)表示,他也认为首个周末的销量会超过去年,因为与前一代产品相比,新iPhone从预定到销售相隔的时间要长一些。The sales numbers slightly outpaced some Wall Street estimates. Daniel Ives, an analyst at FBR Capital, projected that Apple would sell 13 million phones on the opening weekend, and he said that Wall Street had expected that Apple would sell about 12 million. Gene Munster of Piper Jaffray had predicted sales of 12 million to 13 million.这一销售数据略微超过了华尔街的一些预测。FBR资本市场公司(FBR Capital Markets)分析师丹尼尔·艾夫斯(Daniel Ives)预计苹果在开售周末会卖出1300万部手机,他表示,华尔街认为苹果会售出大约1200万部。派杰投资研究公司(Piper Jaffray)分析师基尼·蒙斯特(Gene Munster)预计销量在1200万至1300万之间。First-weekend sales help indicate overall iPhone demand, an important measure given that the device accounts for the majority of Apple’s revenue. The initial sales also are a marker for how well the new smartphones may do during the end-of-year holiday season, which is typically the most significant sales period for consumer product companies.首个周末的销售数字在一定程度上反映了对iPhone的总体需求,是一个重要的衡量标准,因为iPhone为苹果带来了大部分收入。最初的销售状况也预示着新款iPhone智能手机在年终假日季的表现会有多好。对于个人消费品公司而言,年终假日季通常是最重要的销售时段。This year, UBS estimates that Apple will sell 78.4 million iPhones in the December quarter, up four million from last year, while FBR predicts the sale of 77 million iPhones.瑞银(UBS)预计,苹果在今年第四季度将会售出7840万部iPhone,比去年增加400万,而FBR资本市场预测,iPhone的销量将会达到7700万部。Over the weekend, people camped out in front of some Apple stores to buy the new iPhones, a trend that has become something of a tradition. To cut down on long wait times in line, Apple let people sign up online for time slots during which to pick up their phones in stores.周末期间,人们在一些苹果商店前露营,以便买到新款iPhone。这一潮流已经变成了某种传统。为了减少漫长的排队等候时间,苹果让顾客在网上预约,选好前往商店拿手机的时间段。Mr. Ives said he was at the Apple store on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan on Friday, where he saw about 1,100 customers in line for the 8 a.m. appointment slot and 500 more people walking in without appointments, which is more than he saw last year.艾夫斯表示,他周五去了位于曼哈顿第五大道的苹果商店,看到大约1100名顾客排队等待在上午8点的预约时段,还有500多名未经预约而来的顾客,这比他去年见到的人多。At the Apple store in the Grove mall in Los Angeles, customers stood in the 90-degree heat to collect their new phones. Store employees handed out free bottled water, packs of Capri Sun, fruit and granola bars and provided large umbrellas for shade.在位于洛杉矶格鲁夫购物中心的苹果商店,顾客们在华氏90度(约合32摄氏度)的高温下排队等候获取自己的新手机。商店员工分发了免费的瓶装水、可沛利(Capri Sun)饮料、水果燕麦棒,并提供大型遮阳伞。Late in the afternoon, the “Glee” TV star Lea Michele stopped by the Grove to pick up her phone: the iPhone 6s Plus in Apple’s new rose-gold color.接近傍晚时分,主演《欢乐合唱团》(Glee)的电视明星莱亚·米歇尔(Lea Michele)来到格鲁夫取走自己的手机:苹果新推出的玫瑰金iPhone 6s Plus。 /201510/401927。

Sebastian Thrun, former head of the Google X — the advanced projects lab set up to make big bets on the future — knows all about technological ambition. Driverless cars, high-altitude balloons providing internet access and contact lenses that monitor blood sugar levels were all products that flowered under his leadership.谷歌(Google)成立先进项目实验室Google X是为了对未来进行重大的。该实验室前负责人塞巴斯蒂安#8226;特伦(Sebastian Thrun)深谙什么才是科技雄心。无人驾驶汽车、提供互联网接入的高空轻气球以及监测血糖水平的隐形眼镜,都曾是他领导的研发项目。But when it comes to the Android operating system for mobile devices, Mr Thrun says this is not the time for Google to pursue bold new visions. With smartphone wars well advanced, he believes it is now all about smaller incremental advances, as Apple and Google slug it out for global advantage.但对于面向移动设备的Android操作系统,特伦说,现在不是谷歌追求大胆新愿景的时候。随着智能手机的竞争不断深化,随着苹果(Apple)和谷歌激烈争夺全球优势,他认为,现在的关键在于小步快跑。“You can have great visions, but change takes implementation, it takes small steps,” Mr Thrun said last week, after watching the opening presentation at Google I/O, the group’s annual technology showcase event. “What I saw was Android playing out, Android getting into the mature phase.”在看过上周谷歌年度科技展示大会(Google I/O)的开幕演讲后,特伦说:“你可以有伟大的愿景,但改变需要执行,需要走小步……我看到的是Android正在竭尽全力,正在进入成熟阶段。”Sameer Iyengar, a former Google employee who is now a co-founder of app maker Beautylish, questioned whether Google was being bold enough in laying out its tech vision: “The thought leadership is maybe absent, compared to where it was in the past,” he suggested.谷歌前员工、现为应用(app)制造商Beautylish联合创始人的萨米尔#8226;延加(Sameer Iyengar),质疑谷歌在阐述其科技愿景方面有足够的胆略:“与过去相比,思想领导力可能相对缺乏,”他提出。However, he credited Google with taking a lead in at least one area: machine learning — a form of artificial intelligence that the company says is being used to enhance its mobile software and make apps on Android work better.然而,他认为值得肯定的是,谷歌至少在一个领域保持领先地位:机器学习。该公司称,这种人工智能正被用于增强移动设备软件,并使Android平台上的应用更好运行。Applications of AI were among the most eye-catching demonstrations at last week’s event, underlining Google’s aims of using its massive computing base and advanced algorithms to make its services far more relevant and useful.人工智能的应用是上周大会上最受关注的演示之一,凸显谷歌的目标,即利用庞大计算能力和先进算法,使其务更具相关性和有用性。On at least one measure, Android has been a spectacular success. Conceived by Google as a defensive strategy to ensure its internet services were not locked out of mobile handsets by companies such as Apple or Microsoft, the software has turned into the dominant smartphone platform, accounting for about 80 per cent of the market worldwide.至少从一个方面衡量,Android已经是一个巨大的成功。当初谷歌研发Android系统是作为一种防御性策略,目的是确保其互联网务不被苹果或者微软(Microsoft)等公司的移动设备挡在门外。如今该软件已成为占主导地位的智能手机平台,占全球市场约80%的份额。But there is a hard slog ahead. With a disparate group of handset makers in the Android camp, the platform has struggled to match the more polished set of services and hardware that Apple has built around the iPhone, such as Apple Pay and, more recently, Watch.但前方的路也很艰难。由于Android阵营包括形形色色的手机制造商,该平台一直难以赶上苹果围绕iPhone打造的、更为精致的务和硬件,如Apple Pay以及最近的苹果手表(Apple Watch)。Also, to make money, Google needs to reinforce the prominent position of its own services at a time when the open-source Android world threatens to break apart. Hardware makers, ranging from Amazon to Xiaomi, are now looking to use Android as a platform for their own app stores and services — displacing Google.此外,为了创收,谷歌需要在开放源的Android世界有分裂危险之际,加强自身务的突出地位。从亚马逊(Amazon)到小米(Xiaomi),很多硬件制造商正希望利用Android作为自己应用商店和务的平台,取代谷歌。“They have to make sure Android doesn’t just degenerate into low-end devices and fragmentation,” says Al Hilwa, an analyst at IDC, the tech research firm.科技研究公司IDC的分析师阿尔#8226;希尔瓦(Al Hilwa)说:“他们必须确保Android不会就此沦为低端设备和割据状态。”If that were not enough, Google has to deal with the consequences of its own, expansive vision. This has taken Android into a broad array of new markets, from “smart” home appliances to cars. “Where Apple is always very focused on a few product categories, Google wants to be in everything,” says Jan Dawson of Jackdaw Research. “It’s hard for Google to keep making meaningful progress across all those different domains and keep up with Apple.”如果这些还不够,谷歌还必须应对其广阔愿景带来的后果。这一愿景已将Android带入了一系列新市场,从“智能”家电到汽车。“苹果永远紧紧聚焦于几种产品类别,而谷歌什么都想涉猎,”Jackdaw Research的简#8226;道森(Jan Dawson)表示。“谷歌很难在所有这些不同领域都不断取得有意义的进展,赶上苹果。”Winning the hearts and minds of app developers — the focus of Google I/O last week, and the rival Apple developer conference next week — has become a key part of the battle. Creating a marketplace where app developers can make money has been at the heart of Apple’s formula for encouraging them to do their best work first for its mobile devices.赢得应用开发者的拥护和持——上周Google I/O大会以及苹果下周的开发者大会的主要焦点——已成为这场竞争的关键部分。创建一个应用开发者能够从中赚钱的市场,一直处于苹果模式的核心,为的是鼓励他们首先尽心尽力为苹果的移动设备开发出最好的应用。But the Android world has been catching up. For most developers, the calculation is now finely balanced. Like many, Mr Iyengar says his app reaches far more people on Android devices but, on an individual basis, iOS customers are more profitable for his company.但是,Android世界在紧紧追赶。对大多数开发者来说,如今两边的份量差不多。和许多人一样,Beautylish的延加称,虽然其应用面向多得多的Android设备用户,但就每个用户而言,iOS用户为其公司带来的利润更多。Google’s Play Store had been gaining ground as a source of income for developers, but the momentum in recent months turned back to Apple. Tero Kuittinen, managing director of Magid Associates, a consultancy, and an adviser to several gaming companies, says app makers were “taken aback” by the shift, which followed the launch of larger iPhones. However, according to at least some industry estimates, the sheer weight of numbers is finally starting to play in Android’s favour — even if Google is not the only beneficiary.谷歌的Play Store作为开发者的收入来源一度取得进展,但最近几个月势头又转回了苹果。咨询公司Magid Associates董事总经理、为几家公司提供咨询的特罗#8226;库伊蒂宁(Tero Kuittinen)说,这一转变是在苹果推出更大的新款iPhone之后发生的,应用制造商对这种转变“大吃一惊”。然而,至少某些行业评估显示,数量优势终于开始有利于Android——即使谷歌不是唯一的受益者。Apple’s App Store accounts for around 45 per cent of the revenue that developers make from apps, compared to 29 per cent for Google’s Play, according to Digi-Capital. But, counting in the income from handsets in China where Google’s apps are blocked — meaning it makes no money — pushes the overall Android share to 52 per cent, Digi-Capital calculates.精品投资Digi-Capital的数据显示,开发者从应用获得的营收中,约45%来自苹果App Store,29%来自谷歌Play Store。但是,根据Digi-Capital的统计,若加上来自中国的手机的收入(谷歌的应用在中国遭封锁,意味着谷歌本身无钱可赚),Android的整体市场份额将升至52%。Last week, matching and trying to surpass Apple was a strong subtext of Google’s pitch to developers. New features included Android Pay, a rival to Apple Pay and a fresh attempt to break into mobile payments after the disappointment of Google Wallet.上周,赶上并试图超越苹果是谷歌传递给开发者的强大潜台词。新的功能包括与Apple Pay竞争的Android Pay,这是自Google Wallet令人失望之后谷歌进军移动付领域的新尝试。A new Google Photos app, with the promise of software that can automatically organise libraries of pictures, also echoed capabilities that are aly offered by Apple.一款承诺可自动整理照片图库的新款谷歌照片应用Google Photos,也呼应了苹果早已提供的功能。But in other areas, Google seemed unprepared. While smartwatches based on last year’s Android Wear technology have been put in the shade by the recent launch of Apple Watch, Google had little new to show off in response. This was a sign that it is surrendering early leadership in wearables to Apple, according to Carolina Milanesi, an analyst at Kantar Worldpanel.但在其他领域,谷歌似乎毫无准备。虽然近期Apple Watch的推出使基于去年Android Wear技术发布的智能手表相形见绌,但谷歌没有任何新技术作为回应。Kantar Worldpanel分析师卡罗琳娜#8226;米拉内西(Carolina Milanesi)表示,这标志着谷歌正向苹果让出可穿戴设备领域的早期领先地位。Yet some of the latest attempts to extend the Android universe clearly play to Google’s strengths. Its new photos app, for instance, offers free storage for an unlimited number of pictures, echoing the launch of Gmail, the company’s free email service, in 2004, although the cost of storage has fallen greatly since then and has become less of a competitive differentiator.然而,最近一些扩展Android世界的尝试显然有助于发挥谷歌的优势。例如,谷歌新的照片应用可提供无限量的免费图片存储,呼应了2004年谷歌推出Gmail免费电子邮件务之举,尽管自那以来存储成本已大幅降低,不再是那么大的竞争差异化工具。Sucking in large volumes of photos also presents a new opportunity for Google to add to its aly substantial mass of data about users. Company executives say they have not made plans to scan the pictures for advertising purposes but make no secret of the fact that a person’s photo library comprises a highly valuable source of information about them.吸收海量的照片也为谷歌提供了新的机遇,可扩大其已拥有的大量用户数据。谷歌高管表示,他们并没有为广告目的而扫描图片的计划,但并不掩饰这样一个事实,即一个人的照片库包含有关他/她的极有价值的信息。Meanwhile, to improve the experience of using Android handsets in emerging markets, where low-end hardware and unreliable networks often hamper performance, Google has announced new ways of using its services offline. These included the ability to view maps and directions while not connected.同时,为了改善在新兴市场中(低端硬件和不稳定的网络经常妨碍性能)使用Android手机的体验,Google发布了离线使用其务的新方法,包括在没有网络连接的情况下查看地图和导航。They all represent attempts by Google to shift more of the value to its own services rather than embed it in the Android open-source software, says Mr Hilwa — a way to ensure that Google remains at the centre of the Android universe.IDC的希尔瓦说,这些都表明谷歌试图将更多的价值转移到自己的务中,而非嵌入在开放源代码的Android软件中,以此确保谷歌始终处于Android世界的中心。 /201506/378549。