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金山开内眼角的费用千龙对话上海市第六人民医院 治疗青春痘多少钱

2019年07月17日 11:25:45来源:排名在线

  • Over the next five minutes,在接下来的5分钟里my intention is to transform your relationship with sound.我想把你们与声音的关系作个转变Let me start with the observation that most of the sound around us is accidental,首先,请允许我以这样的观察开始,我发现大多数围绕我们的声音是偶然性的。and much of it is unpleasant.并且许多声音也是不愉悦的。We stand on street corners, shouting over noise like this,我们站在街巷的角落,像这样盖过噪音来说话,and pretending that it doesnt exist.就当那噪音不存在一样。Well, this habit of suppressing sound has meant that our好,这样一种压制其他声音的习惯意味着我们relationship with sound has become largely unconscious.与声音的关系变得更无意识了There are four major ways sound is affecting you all the time,声音通过这样4种主要的方式一直影响着你们and Id like to raise them in your consciousness today.而今天我想唤起你们对于声音的知觉。First is physiological.首先声音是生理的。Sorry about that. Ive just given you a shot of cortisol, your fight/flight hormone.抱歉。我刚给了你们一记皮质醇(荷尔蒙)你们的的冲击,Sounds are affecting your hormone secretions all the time,这样的声音一直影响着你们的荷尔蒙分泌物,but also your breathing, your heart rate -- which I just also did --但同时你们的呼吸,你们的心跳频率,就像我刚才那样and your brainwaves.还有你们的脑电波Its not just unpleasant sounds like that that do it.对它们而言这声音不仅仅是不愉悦。This is surf.这是拍岸浪花的声音It has the frequency of roughly 12 cycles per minute.它有着大约每分钟12转的频率Most people find that very soothing,许多人觉得那声音非常抚慰人心的,and, interestingly, 12 cycles per minute而,有趣的是,12转每分钟的频率is roughly the frequency of the breathing of a sleeping human.恰巧是一个沉睡着的人的呼吸频率,There is a deep resonance with being at rest.从而形成了这样一种与人类休息时的共鸣。We also associate it with being stress-free我们也将此与其他的状态联系起来:比如没有压力的时候,and on holiday.又如放假之时。The second way in which sound affects you is psychological.第二种声音影响你们方式是心理上的。Music is the most powerful form of sound that we know音乐是我们所知道的最能that affects our emotional state.影响着我们情绪的一种声音表现形式。This is guaranteed to make most of you feel pretty sad这样的声音一定会让你们都感到有些伤感if I leave it on.如果我一直放下去。Music is not the only kind of sound, however, which affects your emotions.然而,音乐并不是唯一的一种影响着你们情绪的声音形式。Natural sound can do that too.自然之音亦有此效。Birdsong, for example, is a sound which most people比如鸟鸣,这种声音对于大多数人而言find reassuring. 都是一种安慰。There is a reason for that. Over hundreds of thousands of years这正是在经历了成百上千年weve learned that when the birds are singing, things are safe.我们认识到鸟的歌声是安全的表现的原因。Its when they stop you need to be worried.而当它们停下也就是你们需要担心的时候了。The third way in which sound affects you is cognitively.第三种声音影响着你们的方式是认知性的。You cant understand two people talking at once 你不会同时理解两个人在同时说话or in this case one person talking twice.或者在这种情况下一个人说话两次。Try and listen to the other one.尝试听另一个人We have a very small amount of bandwidth for processing auditory input,我们大脑只有很小一部分可以带宽可以用来处理声像的输入which is why noise like this --这正是为什么如这样的闹声is extremely damaging for productivity.对于生产力有着如此巨大的破坏力If you have to work in an open-plan office like this,如果你要在这样一个公开的办公室里工作,your productivity is greatly reduced.你的效率就大打折扣了。And whatever number youre thinking of, it probably isnt as bad as this.并且无论你在想着怎样的数字,也许并不会像这样糟糕。You are one third as productive in open-plan offices as in quiet rooms.你在一个开放式的办公室里面的效率是安静的房间内的三分之一。And I have a tip for you. If you have to work in spaces like that,那让我给你个小建议吧。如果你需要在那样的开放环境下工作,carry headphones with you, with a soothing sound like birdsong.带上你的耳机,和如鸟鸣般和谐的音乐。Put them on and your productivity goes back up to triple what it would be.在你工作的时候带上耳机,你的效率变会恢复三倍变为它本来的样子。The fourth way in which sound affects us is behaviorally.第四种声音影响你的方式是通过行为的With all that other stuff going on, it would be amazing当周围有声音的时候,如果我们的行为完全不变,if our behavior didnt change.那将会是一件令人惊讶的事情了。So, ask yourself: Is this person ever going to drive所以,问问你自己吧:这人是不是准备就at a steady 28 miles per hour? I dont think so.一直用28英里每小时的速度开下去?我不这么认为。At the simplest, you move away from unpleasant sound用最简单的方式说,你会离开不舒的声音and towards pleasant sounds.并前往和谐的声音。So if I were to play this所以如果我们播放这个声音for more than a few seconds, youd feel uncomfortable;过不了几秒,你们觉得不舒了吧;for more than a few minutes, youd be leaving the room in droves.过不了几分钟,你们会成群结队离开这里。For people who cant get away from noise like that,因为人们不能摆脱这样的噪声,its extremely damaging for their health.对于他们的身体也是极大的伤害。And thats not the only thing that bad sound damages.而且那并不是噪音唯一破坏的Most retail sound is inappropriate and accidental, and even hostile,大多数零售商发出的声音是不正确的,随意性的,甚至是带有敌意的。and it has a dramatic effect on sales.并且对于销量也有着巨大的影响作用。For those of you who are retailers, you may want to look away对于你们其中这些零售商,在我展示这些画面前,before I show this slide.你们或许不想再看。They are losing up to 30 percent of their business这些声音使得生意少去了百分之三十with people leaving shops faster, or just turning around on the door.人们加快步伐离开商店,或者只是在门口望一望。We all have done it, leaving the area我们都做过这样的事情,离开那片地域because the sound in there is so dful.只因为那里的声音太令人不快乐。201504/367552。
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