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2019年08月18日 13:56:01来源:快问大全

Heres a simple demonstration you can do with cool implications.告诉你一个很简单的论:通过它你可以得出很酷的。Find a large object that isbrightly colored–lets make it a green door.找到一个大的颜色鲜艳的物件—将其视作一扇绿色的门。Stand with that door to your side but dont look directly at it; you want it to be in your peripheralvision.靠着那扇门站定,但是不要直视它,只是把它纳入你的周边视野即可。Now, without shifting your gaze, examine the door in the edge of your field of vision.现在,不改变凝视的方向,从你视野的最边缘仔细看看那扇门。What color is it? Answer? Its still green.它是什么颜色的?是什么?那扇门依然是绿色的。Its still green? What kind of experiment is that?还是绿色?这是个什么实验啊?I thought you are going to say somethinghappens to the color.我猜你接下来应该会讲讲,那扇门的颜色究竟发生了什么神奇的事情。Thats exact right!当然!The color stays green, which means something has happened-becausenothing in your peripheral vision should have any color at all.门保持绿色就意味着发生了什么改变—因为在周边视野范围内事没有什么颜色的。Nothing in your peripheral vision should have any color? Why not?周边视野范围内是没有颜色?为什么?Because color is what we perceive when light of a particular frequency meets cones-specialcells in your retina.因为,当特定波长的光线作用于视锥细胞时我们所接收到的便是颜色。But the light being reflected off the door is only landing on the outside edge ofyour retina.但是,从门上发射出来的光线仅能到达视网膜的外缘,And there are almost no cones on the edges.在视网膜的外缘几乎没有视锥细胞。Everything we see roughly seventy-five degrees away from the point were fixed on should be black and white.从我们所凝视的方向斜75度角所看到的所有东西都只能是黑白的。Thats fascinating! But why is the door still green?太神奇了!可为什么门还是绿色的呢?Presumably the door remains green because vision isnt a simple matter of retinal cells.门一直保持绿色大概是因为我们的视觉并不仅仅是视网膜细胞所能控制的吧。All the data your eyes send is interpreted by the brain.由眼睛传送的所有信息都是经过大脑编译的。Your brain knows that the door is green, so it supplies information that isnt really there to keep the image stable.大脑所给出的信息是:门是绿色的。因而,大脑传送出了并未遵循图像的信息。This is just one of the many ways your brain saves time and energy by making reasonably safeassumptions about the world around you.为节省时间与精力,大脑对你周围的世界作出合理、安全的假设—而这仅仅是众多省时省力的方法之一。 /201406/305947。

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