原标题: 吉安哪家音波拉皮好飞度信息
As fighting broke out, many of those inside the Abbey,smelling smoke, rushed outside.冲突发生后 教堂里面的人 闻到了烟味 冲出了教堂The ceremony was completed in a half empty interior,with William, for the first time in his life,seen to be shaking like a leaf.最终加冕仪式在半空的教堂中冷清地结束了 威廉有生以来第一次 吓得魂不附体When he emerged from the smoke and chaos of the coronation,当他穿过烟雾 从混乱的加冕礼中走出just what kind of king did the surviving remnant of the old governing class imagine they had?那些幸存下来的贵族阶级 认为他们辅佐了以为什么样的君主Did they fondly suppose he was going to be another Canute,他们会天真地以为他会成为下一个卡纽特吗who now that hed won his round,would disband his army and send them home?现在已得偿所愿的他 会解散他的军队 任其归乡吗If they did, they were in for a very nasty shock,如果真这么想 他们就大错特错了because even if William had wanted to do this, it was quite impossible.因为即便威廉想要这么做 他也做不到His whole campaign had been based on the promise of the lure of land,他得到持是因为他曾许诺给予土地the pledge to hand over Saxon land on a golden plate of conquest.他曾许诺以撒克逊的土地 换取头顶的王冠So there was never the remotest chance that William was going to be another Canute所以说威廉根本就没有机会 成为下一个卡纽特and assimilate himself into the world of Anglo-Saxon England.也无法融入盎格鲁撒克逊英格兰His conquest turned the country around.他的征行动改变了这个国家Englands orientation now was south,away from Scandinavia and towards continental Europe.彼时的英格兰转向了南方 脱离斯堪的纳维亚 投入了欧洲大陆的怀抱The part of the country offering most resistance was the north of England,which still retained strong Viking sympathies.英格兰北部做出了最大规模的抵抗 这里依然残留着对维京人深厚的留恋Just three years into Williams reign,York opened its gates to King Swein of Denmark,在威廉统治的三年间 约克郡地区一直持丹麦国王斯万hailing him as a liberator from the new king of England.把他当做拯救他们于威廉魔爪的解放者 /201608/460383TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201610/470000栏目简介:The French Embassy in China is beginning this years competition for start-up projects founded by Chinese students who have studied in France.201703/496721

A lot of plastic ends up in our oceans every year, and animals love to eat it.每年有大量塑料抛入我们的海洋,而动物喜欢吃这些塑料。For a long time, scientists just assumed the animals ate the plastic because it looked like food. But it turns out, it smells like food, too.很长一段时间,科学家们假设动物吃塑料是因其看起来像食物。但事实明,它的气味也像食物。In fact, it smells so enticing that 90 percent of seabirds eat it right now. And by 2050, nearly all of them are expected to dine on it.事实上,它闻起来很诱人,现在百分之90的海鸟会吃它。到2050年,预计几乎所有海鸟都会去食用。Its not just seabirds that are eating plastic. Over 700 species have been seen eating it. And every year, over 100,000 marine animals die from it.不只是海鸟吃塑料。有超过700个物种食用塑料,每年超过十万只海洋动物因此死亡。This discovery could help make plastic safer for marine animals. 这一发现可能有助于使塑料对海洋动物更安全。But the bigger problem is still the amount of plastic,8 million tons that gets dumped into Earths oceans each year. 但更大的问题仍然是塑料的数量,每年有800万吨塑料倾倒在海洋。译文属。201611/477724栏目简介:National Science Week in Shanghai continues and in todays InTouch segment my colleague Chen Xuan tries some interactive exhibits at the Shanghai Science and Technology Museum in Pudong.201704/499923

I am an immigrant in this country. I came 25 years ago.我是移民到这个国家的,25年前就来了这里The country has moved from a place where I was somebody that stood out to somebody that in a strange way blends in with what is around.开始我只是这个国家的一个外人,而现在已经以一种奇怪的方式融入到周围的环境中I know that that is not something that I can or should take for granted.我知道 我不能也不应该把它当做理所当然My life has always been filled with a diversity of people and experiences, perspectives.我在一生中总是遇到各种各样的人,有的人阅历丰富 有的人很有想法And its hard to imagine a company like Google很难想象 像谷歌一样的公司or a society like ours being successful without being inclusive of all that perspective.或者像这样成功的社会,没有那些有想法的人会是怎样When were building Google Maps, were really looking at how do we help people in the everyday moments of their life.我们在设计谷歌地图时,确实在想着要怎样,在人们的日常生活中时刻帮助他们And so having people around the table when were designing the product所以我们在一起设计这个项目时whove had different life experiences, who come from different types of neighborhoods,from different places in the world那些有着不同生活经验的人,来自不同社区的人,来自世界各个角落的人really makes a difference in helping us think about how do we help as many people as possible.确实在想法上做了很多贡献,让我们思考怎样尽量帮助更多人One of the first things that Google did to try and decide其中的第一件事谷歌决定尝试做的what it needed to solve in terms of diversity was understanding what did its workforce look like and whether it could actually be more diverse.即它需要什么才能创造多元化,就是要了解谷歌的员工是怎样的人,以及这是否还能更加多元化And we shared that data both with Googlers as well as with the public我们把那些数据与谷歌工作者共享,也与公众共享so that we could be held accountable for the fact that we didnt look like we wanted to为的就是我们能对,我们不愿意看到的事负责So many of our efforts now are built around increasing that representation of diversity at Google.所以我们现在做的大多数努力都致力于增加谷歌的多元化的表现形式This is hard work. If you look at the problems that wed like to solve as an industry, they also reflect the problems of our society.这份工作很艰难,你看看那些我们想要解决的行业问题,它们也反映了一些社会问题And its so important that we do the work, even when its tough,即使这份工作很难 重要的是我们要去做and that were committed to the long-term result.并且长期致力于解决这个问题Having that tone from our senior leaders — which is, we want to be able to pull up the greatest talent we have around the organization and make it really clear,我们高层领导人的语气来说,就是我们希望能够发挥组织的最大才能,让一切变得清晰明了we want to see more women in senior leadership positions,我们希望看到高层领导人里有更多女性we want to see more people from underrepresented groups,有更多来自弱势群体的人because it makes us a better company — really, to me, is the starting point.因为这会让我们的公司变得更好 真的对我来说 这只是一个起点And it becomes infectious.也会很有感染力Once you set that tone, it becomes really clear.一旦你奠定了基调 一切终会清晰起来This is a priority, because it makes sense to be a priority.这才是重点 能分清轻重缓急也是有必要的This isdeeply personal for me as an Latina this is deeply personal for me作为一个拉美裔女人,这是我的切身体会,这是我自己的切身体会as a mother of a seven-year-old daughter whose future is bright and clear ahead and my greatest expectation for her is that作为一名7岁女儿的母亲,她前途无量 一片光明,而我对她最大的期待she gets to find the future that she wants to have for herself就是希望她能找到她自己想要的未来what we are striving for is possibility we want to unlock what is unexpected我们追求的是机遇,我们想要探索未知的世界and youre going to get that when you bring all of these diverse perspectives together当你把那些不同的观点拼凑到一起时,你就做到了201706/513966In this American English pronunciation , youre going to come with me to my home state of Florida and were going to do a Ben Franklin exercise where we study conversation.在这个美式英语发音视频里,你会跟我到我的家乡佛罗里达州,我们会做一个本·富兰克林练习,学习对话。Todays topic: discussing plans.今天的话题:讨论计划。Not till two. Right, but were... And maybe somewhat after that. But we said wed be there at 1:30.不到两点。 是的,但是我们...... 或许会是两点以后。 但我们说过我们会在一点半到那里。Right. I think they want to just chat, and, you know... Yeah. Stuff before. Sure.是的,我觉得他们只是闲聊,然后,你知道的...... 是的。 在那之前。 当然。Will it take, like 15 minutes to get there, or? Oh no. Itll take... Ten? Five. Five.到那里要用15分钟还是? 哦,不。大概要用...... 十分钟? 五分钟。 五分钟。;Not till two.;不到两点。I notice my dad makes a Stop T here, ;not till, not till;, instead of ;not till;.我注意到我爸爸在这里发了一个顿音T,“not till, not till”,而不是“not till”。That makes the transition between these two words less obvious, it makes it a smoother link. ;Not till two.;这样会使两个单词之间的转换不那么明显,连接更加通顺。“Not till two.”;Not till two.; (loop two times) ;Right, but were...; ;And maybe somewhat after that.;不到两点。(循环两次)是的,但是我们...... 或许会是两点以后。Another Stop T here at the end of ;that; because its the end of a thought, the end of a sentence.在“that”结尾也有一个顿音T,这是因为它位于一个观点,一句话的结尾。Often we make those Ts Stop Ts in American English.在美式英语里我们通常会把这些T发成顿音T。;somewhat after that.; (loop three times) ;But we said wed be there at 1:30.;两点以后。 (循环三次)但我们说过我们会在一点半到那里。;But we.; I actually dropped the T altogether here to make this even more connected and smooth. ;But we, but we.;“But we.”为了让它连接得更紧密更通顺,我把这里的T省略了。“But we, but we.”;But; is a function word, not too important, so its okay to reduce it.“But”是一个虚词,不是很重要,所以可以把它略读。;But we said wed (loop three times) be there at 1:30.;“But we said we’d(循环三次)be there at 1:30.”Did you notice how I pronounced ;thirty;? I took this second T and made it a Flap T so it sounded like a D. ;Thirty, thirty, 1:30.;你注意到我是怎样读“thirty”的吗?我把这个T读成了浊音T,听起来像是D音。“Thirty, thirty, 1:30.”;But we said wed be there at 1:30.; (loop three times)但我们说过我们会在一点半到那里。(循环三次)This was another Stop T. And, it was very quick, so it was hard to tell, but I think this was a schwa, ;at, at. At 1:30.; (loop two times)这里又有一个顿音T。它非常快,很难分辨,不过我觉得它是一个弱读音,“at, at. At 1:30.”(循环两次);Be there at 1:30.; (loop three times)我们会在一点半到那里。(循环三次)When youre talking about the time of something, try pronouncing ;at; this way, very quickly.当你在谈论某事的时间时,试着这样读“at”,很快。;Right. I think they want to just...;是的,我觉得他们只是Another Stop T here. Its the end of a sentence. ;Right.;这里在句子的结尾又有一个顿音T。“Right.”;Right. (loop three times) I think they want to just.;“Right. (循环三次) I think they want to just.”Did you notice how my Dad did not make a TH sound here, but rather just an H sound? And he connected it to ;I;. ;I think, I think, I think.;你注意到了吗?我爸爸在这里并没有发TH音,而是一个H音。他将它与“I”连读。“I think, I think, I think.”;I think they want to just.; (loop three times)是的,我觉得他们只是(循环三次)Ive noticed some native speakers do this with the TH in ;think;. We use this phrase a lot. ;I think this, I think that.;我注意到了许多英语母语者都会这样发“think”里的TH音。我们经常用这个短语。“I think this, I think that.”And its not uncommon to hear the H sound instead of the TH. Its a funny little reduction that we do of a content word. ;I think they.;把TH音发成H音并不罕见。这是我们对一个实词的很有意思的一个略读。“I think they.”;I think they want to just (loop three times) chat, and...; ;Yeah.;“I think they want to just (循环三次) chat, and...” “Yeah.”You probably noticed the ;wanna; reduction here.你可能注意到了这里的“wanna”略读。;I think they want to.; (loop three times)我觉得他们(循环三次)Very common in American English.这在美式英语里很常见。;I think they want to just chat, and...; ;Yeah.;我觉得他们只是闲聊,然后,你知道的...... 是的。Also, the word ;just;. We often reduce this so it sounds like theres basically no vowel. ;Just (loop three times), want to just (loop two times).;还有单词“just”。我们通常会略读这个单词,所以它听起来基本上没有元音。“Just (循环三次), want to just (循环两次).”;I think they want to just (loop three times) chat, and...; ;Yeah.;“I think they want to just (循环三次) chat, and...” “Yeah.”;Chat.; Another Stop T at the end of this thought.“Chat.”在这个观点的最后又有一个顿音T。;I think they want to just chat, and...;我觉得他们只是闲聊,然后The word ;and; was very reduced, to just the schwa N sound, ;nn, nn.;单词“and”被略读为弱读音N,“nn, nn.”;Chat and.; ;Yeah.; (loop three times);You know, stuff.;闲聊,然后,(循环三次)“You know, stuff.”;You know.; Did you notice that this was the schwa and not the OO as in BOO vowel? ;You, you, you know.;“You know.”你注意到了吗?这里是个弱读音,而不是BOO里的OO元音。“You, you, you know.”We pronounce these two words together this way all the time. ;You know.; (loop three times)我们经常把这两个单词一起这样读。“You know.”(循环三次);Chat and.; ;Yeah.;;You know, stuff (loop three times) before.; ;Sure.;“Chat and.” “Yeah.”“You know, stuff (循环三次) before.” “Sure.”;Will it take, like, fifteen minutes to get there, or?;到那里要用15分钟还是?Lets talk about the word ;fifteen; for a second.我们来讨论一下单词“fifteen”。Some people have a hard time hearing the difference between 15 and 50.有些人很难分辨15和50的区别。The sounds are a little different, but also, the stress is different.它们的发音有些不同,并且,重音也不同。;Fifteen.; Stress is on the second syllable there, ; teen, teen, fifteen.;“Fifteen.”重音是在第二个音节上,“ teen, teen, fifteen.”So its short long. For the word ;fifty;, its the opposite. Its long short. ;Fifty, fifty.;所以它的音是短 长。而单词“fifty”则恰恰相反。它的音是长 短。“Fifty, fifty.”;Fifteen, fifteen.;;Will it take, like fifteen minutes (loop three times) to get there, or?;“Fifteen, fifteen.”“Will it take, like fifteen minutes (循环三次) to get there, or?”I reduced the vowel in ;to; to the schwa, like we almost always do. I did keep this as a True T though.我把“to”里面的元音略读为了弱读音,就像我们经常做的那样。不过我把这个T发成了清音T。The sound before was unvoiced, ;ts, ts, ts. Minutes to.; (loop two times)它前面的音是不发音的,“ts, ts, ts. Minutes to.”(循环两次);Fifteen minutes to get there, or?; (loop three times)15分钟还是?(循环三次)Did you notice this T? Stop T because the next sound was a consonant, the voiced TH.你注意到这个T了吗?它是一个顿音T,因为后面的音是辅音,发音的TH。;Get there, get there.;;Fifteen minutes to get there, or?; (loop three times)“Get there, get there.”“Fifteen minutes to get there, or?”(循环三次)How was this word pronounced? ;Or, or.; Just the schwa R sound, very quick. This is another function word, so Ive reduced it.这个单词是怎么发音的呢?“Or, or.”只有弱读R音,很快。这也是一个虚词,所以我把它略读了。;To get there, or?; (loop three times) ;Oh no. Itll take...;“To get there, or?” (循环三次) “Oh no. It’ll take...”Did you hear Dad? He reduced ;it will; to the contraction ;itll;. ;Itll.; (loop three times)你听到我爸爸把“it will”略读为“itll”了吗?“It’ll.”(循环三次);Oh no. Itll take...; (loop three times) ;Ten?; ;Five.; ;Five.;“Oh no. It’ll take....” (循环三次) “Ten?” “Five.” “Five.”Whats different about the pitch, the intonation of these two phrases?这两个句子的音调和语调有什么不同呢?;Ten?; ;Five.; ;Five.;十分钟? 五分钟。 五分钟。This one goes up in pitch, this one goes down.这一句语调上升,这一句下降。Thats because Im asking the question here. I dont know how long it will take.这是因为我在问问题,我不知道要用多久的时间。The statement, where my dad was sure, goes down in pitch.我爸爸的这句陈述句语调下降。If youre not sure, your phrase goes up. If youre sure, your phrase goes down.如果你不确定的话,语调上升,如果你确定的话,语调下降。;Ten?; ;Five.; ;Five.; (loop three times)十分钟? 五分钟。 五分钟。(循环三次)Not till two. Right, but were... And maybe somewhat after that. But we said wed be there at 1:30.不到两点。 是的,但是我们...... 或许会是两点以后。 但我们说过我们会在一点半到那里。Right. I think they want to just chat, and, you know... Yeah. Stuff before. Sure.是的,我觉得他们只是闲聊,然后,你知道的...... 是的。 在那之前。 当然。Will it take, like 15 minutes to get there? Or? Oh no. Itll take... Ten? Five. Five. Okay. So we can leave at, like, 1:25. Yeah.到那里要用15分钟还是? 哦,不。大概要用...... 十分钟? 五分钟。 五分钟。好的,那我们就可以1点25分出发了。 是的。We might as well head back anyway. Yeah. That way we can still... Yeah. Stop and look at the alligators if we want. 我们最好还是回去了。 是的,那样的话我们还可以...... 是的。 想看的话可以停下来看看短吻鳄。Right. We probably wont see much more. I was hoping to see... No. sandhill cranes, but.是的。我们可能不会再见到了。我还想看看...... 不。 沙丘鹤,但是。Right. We would definitely see, we would definitely see more alligators, but we probably wouldnt see anymore of anything different.是的。我们一定会去看的,我们肯定会再看短吻鳄,不过可能看不到什么不一样的了。Well, weve seen enough of those I think.嗯,我觉得我们已经看的够多了。Thats it, and thanks so much for using Rachels English.这次的学习就到这里,非常感谢使用Rachels English。201706/513896Hi again, welcome back to engvid.com, Im Adam, todays lesson is meant to show you ways of increasing your vocabulary.再次见到大家很高兴,欢迎回到engvid.com,我是Adam,今天的课程是要教你们一些增加词汇量的方法。I know some of the other teachers on engvid.com have done these lessons.我知道engvid.com上有些其他的老师已经做过这种课程了。I just want to throw my two cents in if you know what that means, is I want to give my own piece of advice.我只是想跟大家分享一下我的拙见,如果你们知道这是什么意思的话......也就是我想给你们一些我自己的建议。I have a few ideas for you, we are going to start with these, were going to look at a few others more practical ones as well.我给你们准备了一些方法,我们会先从这些开始讲,然后还会再看其他几个更实用的想法。The most important thing that you can do to increase your vocabulary is , a lot.要增加词汇量,你们能做的最重要的事是阅读,大量阅读。What should you ? Anything and everything.But the most important thing is what you are interested in, okay?你们应该读什么?任何东西,所有材料都可以。但最重要的是阅读你们感兴趣的材料。If you like sports, a sports magazine.If you like movies, a movie magazine, even better the script of the movie.如果你们喜欢运动,那就读本运动杂志。如果喜欢电影,那就看本电影杂志,能读一读电影剧本就更好了。If the movie is based on a novel, the novel.For example, recently the movie Life of Pi was very famous in the theaters.如果这部电影是根据一本小说改编的,那就去读这本小说。举个例子来说,最近在各大影院都很火爆的电影《少年派的奇幻漂流》。Its based on a novel, the novel, its a pretty good book.它就是根据一部小说改编的,这本小说很不错,你们可以看一下。My favorite movie Shawshank Redemption, based on a novella by Stephen King.我最喜欢的电影《肖申克的救赎》,改编自Stephen King的中篇小说。Read it, best way to increase your vocabulary.Also dont just learn new words and try to remember them.去读一读吧,这是增加词汇量最好的方法。还有,学新单词的时候不要只是干巴巴地学并且试着记住它们。Write, write a lot, use the words youre learning, right?你们要动手写,多写,要把你们正在学的单词用起来。Every time you learn a new word, you should have a notebook with you all the time anyway.不管怎样,每次你们学习一个新单词的时候,都应该在身边带一个笔记本。Write the word in a sentence, but not just any sentence, make sure that the sentence clearly shows that you know the meaning of the word, okay?用这个单词造一个句,但是也不要随便造句,你们要确保这个句子能够清晰地显示你们知道这个单词的意思,懂吗?So lets... for example, I know everybody knows this word but... ;beautiful;, everybody knows this word, but lets say its a new word for you.比如......我知道;beautiful;这个单词你们都认识,每个人都认识这个单词,不过我们假设这对你们来说是个新单词。Dont write ;The sky is beautiful;, it doesnt tell me anything about the word ;beautiful;.不要光写个;The sky is beautiful;,这个句子并没有告诉我任何关于单词;beautiful;的信息。The sky is also blue, does beautiful mean blue?No, make sure youre using something.天空也是蓝色的啊,;beautiful;的意思是蓝色吗?不是,请一定要在句子里加上其他成分。I love to see a beautiful sky that has pretty clouds and sunshine and a nice color, nice shade of blue, because it makes me feel happy.比如:我喜欢看这片有着漂亮的云、阳光和好看的颜色、好看的蓝色的美丽天空,因为它让我觉得很开心。Not the best example, its a very long sentence but you get my idea.这个例子虽然不是最好的示例,句子太长了,但是你们懂我的意思就好。Now again, coming back to that notebook, always have a notebook with you, always have a pen with you and dont limit yourself to one new word.再说一次,回到笔记本这个话题上来,你们随时都要带一本笔记本,随时都要带一笔,还有,不要局限于一个新单词。When you learn a new word, make sure you learn different forms of the same word, okay?当你们学习一个新单词的时候,请一定要学习同一个单词的不同形式。So for example, the word ;beautiful;, lets say this is a new word for you, you learn the word ;beautiful;.比如单词;beautiful;,我们假设这对你们来说是个新单词,你们在学;beautiful;这个单词。Put it in your adjective column, its an adjective, thats what you want.把它写在你们笔记本上形容词那一栏,它是个形容词,是你们想学的单词。But why not learn the other forms?For example, what is the adverb form of ;beautiful; ?但是为什么不学学它的其他形式呢?比如,;beautiful;的副词是什么?I think most of you know it, its ;beautifully;, so you have now two new words.我想你们大部分人都知道,那就是;beautifully;,那么现在你们有两个新单词了。What is the noun form of ;beautiful;?Its ;beauty;, you now have three new words in your vocabulary.;beautiful;的名词形式是什么呢?是;beauty;,现在你们的词汇量里增加了三个新单词。Is there a verb form of ;beautiful; ?Yes, as a matter of fact there is.;beautiful;有没有动词形式呢?有,事实上还真有。;Beautify;, means to make beautiful, you now have four new words.Think of other words, ;beautician;.那就是;beautify;,它的意思是“使......美丽”,你们现在学会了四个新单词。再想想其他单词,比如;beautician;。;Beautician; is a person who works making people more beautiful, she does facials and manicures and pedicures and wax and whatever else these beauticians do.;beautician;(美容师)的工作职责是把人们变得更加美丽,她会做美容、美甲、足疗、脱毛以及任何这些美容师会做的其他事情。Anyways try to find other forms, learn many words instead of just one word, okay?反正你们一定要试着找到单词的其他形式,学习多个单词而不是仅仅只学一个。Now some people like to study roots and suffixes and prefixes.有些人喜欢研究词根、后缀和前缀。Personally Im not a huge fan of this recommendation, but first, let me explain what a root is.个人来说,我对这个做法并不是很推荐,不过我还是先给你们解释一下什么是词根吧。For example, you have the root ;-ject;, so you learn inject, eject, object, subject, all the different words that come from the root,举个例子来说,你们看到了一个词根;-ject;,然后就可以学到这些单词:inject, eject, object, subject,这些不同的单词都是来自同一个词根,so many people only study the word or the root ;-ject; and think that it will help them understand all the words with this root.于是很多人就只学习这个单词或词根;-ject;,他们觉得这样就能弄懂所有由这个词根组成的单词。Its a good idea if you have the patience.想法不错,但是你们得有这个耐心。I think most people who are studying English dont like to study roots, because its like studying another language.我觉得大部分学英语的人都不喜欢学习词根,因为这就像在学另一门语言一样。If it works for you, do it, if it doesnt, dont, okay.如果这个方法对你们有用的话就照着做,如果没用就不要做。And now another thing you can do--listen.Listen to any spoken English that you can.现在我们来讲讲你们能做的另一件事——听。听任何你们能找到的英语口语。I think some of you may have heard of Ted.com, its a good website, people give talks and lectures about different topics.我想你们中一些人也许听说过Ted.com,那是个很好的网站,在那上面人们会发表关于不同话题的讲话和演讲。Listen, listen carefully.Anytime you hear a word that you dont recognize, write it down.听一听他们的讲话,认真听。任何时候你们听到了不认识的单词都要把它写下来。If you dont know the spelling, no problem, write it phonetically.如果你们不知道这个单词怎么写也没关系,按照读音把它写下来。Write the word just like it sounds, then if you have access to a transcript,根据它听起来的样子把这个单词写下来,然后如果你们能看到文本的话,means all the words that were spoken written down, check the transcript and find your word.也就是被记录下来的演讲的全部内容,如果能看到的话,请核对一下文本,找到你们不认识的那个单词。If you cant, if you dont have a transcript, go to a dictionary.如果找不到,如果你们没有文本的话,那就用字典。Now some of you have asked me to recommend a dictionary, very simple, and online you can get the paper one, or the online one.你们中有些人叫我推荐一部字典,这非常简单,从网上你们能找到纸质版的,也能找到电子版的。Merriam Websters, m-w.com, American English, oxford dictionaries.com, British English, okay?你们可以在m-w.com上找到韦氏字典,那是一部美式英语的字典,然后在oxford dictionaries.com上能找到英式英语的字典。Now I know Ive seen a lot of students use like their electronic dictionaries,我看见过很多学生使用他们的电子词典,they go from like English to Korean, English to Japanese, English to Spanish, dont do that anymore, okay?他们用的是像英韩词典、英日词典和英西词典之类的,不要再这么做了好吗?English to English, this way youre learning more words as youre learning one word.使用英英词典,这样你们在学习一个单词的时候能学到更多的单词。I dont know this word, I look at the definition, in the definition I might be... I might be learning other words, okay?比如我不认识这个单词,我去看了看释义,在释义里我也许会学到其他的单词。You will maximize how many words you learn by using an English to English dictionary.通过使用英英词典,你们学到的单词数量会达到最大化。Now again about those electronic dictionaries, sometimes like especially when people are trying to write,我再说一下电子词典方面的事情,有时候,尤其是当人们在写作的时候,they will write a sentence in their native language and then press translate on this dictionary, and get a sentence in English.他们会用母语写一个句子,然后按词典上的翻译键,接着就能得到一个英语的句子。Now Ive seen sentences that I knew came from the dic... from the electronic dictionary, because they made no sense.我看到过一些我一眼就知道是从电子词典中翻译来的句子,因为它们根本讲不通。Okay? They were terrible terrible sentences, dont do that, okay?那些句子超级超级糟糕,不要这么做好吗?The people who made these dictionaries might not know English very well, keep that in mind, okay?那些制造这些电子词典的人也许并不是很懂英语,记住这一点。So these are some ideas, now Im going to tell you what I think are the best ideas to increase your vocabulary.以上是我告诉你们的一些想法,现在我要跟你们讲我认为的增加词汇量最好的方法。Okay, so now were going to look at a couple of other ways you can increase your vocabulary.现在我们要来看几个能帮你们增加词汇量的其他方法。These are very effective but they take a lot of patience, a lot of perseverance.下面的这些方法非常有效,但是需要很多耐心和很大的毅力。You have to try hard, you have to keep doing it because vocabulary, not so easy right?你们必须努力,必须坚持,因为增加词汇量可不是件简单的事,不是吗?Okay, so first were going to start with cards.好了,首先我们要从卡片开始。You get yourself a stack of cards, maybe this big, not too big, because you want to carry them in your pocket, take them with you everywhere you go, okay?你们要给自己准备一叠卡片,也许这么大,不要太大了,因为你们要把它们放在口袋里,去哪儿都要随身带着。On one side of the cards, youre going to write words, four maybe five words that are new words for you.在卡片的一面,你们要写上四五个新单词。Youre going to write sentences on the back, on the other side of the card.在卡片的另一面也就是背面,你们要写下句子。Youre going to use these words in sentences so you have a clear meaning or you can write the meaning of the word, dictionary meaning, both okay.你们要把这些单词用到句子里去,这样你们就有一个清楚的含义,或者你们也可以写下这个单词的意思,字典上的释义,两种都可以。Now youre going to split your cards into three piles, okay?然后你们要把这些卡片分成三摞。You can like have the pile of cards of words that you know, words youre very comfortable with, eventually you will have a pile like this.你们可以分出一摞写着你们认识的单词的卡片,就是那些很顺口的单词,最终你们会得到像这样的一摞卡片。Words that youre very comfortable with, you know them very well, you dont need to look at these cards very often, okay?这一摞是你们觉得很舒、非常了解的单词,这些卡片不需要你们很频繁地去看。Now before I continue, where do you get these words?在继续之前,我问一下你们知道从哪儿找这些单词吗?Get from a TOEFL site or an IELTS site or an SAT site or an SAT book, for example they have lists of words that you need to learn.从或者雅思网站上找,或者SAT网站或SAT书,上面有很多你们要学的单词。Put all these words on cards, split them up like this.把所有这些单词写在卡片上,然后像这样把它们分出来。You know these words very well, dont need to look at.如果你们对这些单词很熟知的话,就不需要看了。These words youre almost sure or at least you recognize these words, youve seen them before, youve heard them before, you can guess what they mean maybe in context.下面这些单词你们几乎能确定它们的意思,或者至少能认出它们,你们以前见过或听过这些单词,也许根据上下文能猜出它们的意思。So youre not sure, put them in this...this pile, this pile you will look at all the time.那么对于你们不太确定的单词,把它们归到这一摞,这一摞卡片你们要一直看。And then in the last pile, you put words that you really dont know, okay?接下来,最后一摞的单词是你们真的不认识的单词。This is the pile you will look at the most, you will study these words.这是你们要看的时间最多的一摞单词,要好好学习这些单词。As they become more familiar, you move them to this pile, this pile you study also very regularly.等它们变得熟悉了一些之后,就把它们移到这一摞,这一摞卡片你们也要定期学习。You take this... this pile is the one you put in your pocket and take with you, when you go outside.这一摞是你们出门的时候要放在口袋里随身带着的。On the bus, look at your words, long line at the bank, pull out your cards, look at the words, okay?在公交车上的时候,你们可以看看这些单词,在里排长队的时候,你们也可以把卡片拿出来看看单词。When this word becomes very comfortable for you, when you know what this word means, move it over to this pile, leave it at home, okay?当这个单词变得对你来说很舒的时候,当你知道了这些单词的意思的时候,就把它移到这一摞里来,这一摞是要留在家里的。Dont know-almost sure-know, study-move-study- move-put aside, once in a while look at them just make sure you remember.你们要经历的过程是:不认识-几乎确定-认识,学习-移动-学习-移动-放在一边,偶尔你们还要再看看这些单词,谨防你们会忘记。Because if you never look at these again, you will forget them, okay?因为如果你们再也不看这些单词的话,就会忘记它们的。So its all the time, continual, you have to practice, practice, practice, practice.所以要一直看,持续不断地看,你们必须练习、练习、练习再练习。Vocabulary is a lot of memorization, thats the way it is.词汇需要大量的背诵,它就是这么回事。Now heres another thing you can do, okay, this is the last one Ill show you today.现在还有一件事是你们可以做的,这也是我今天要跟你们讲的最后一点。What you do is you make yourself groups of words, okay?你们要做的就是自己把单词分组。You take... you can do it many ways, you can make yourself a little... like a... a little brainstorm.你们可以按照很多方式来做,可以自己做一个小头脑风暴。You, for example if were looking at root, you write the root in here ;-ject;举个例子来说,如果我们在看词根,你们在这里写下词根;-ject;,and then you wirte reject, inject eject, subject etc, or in a list, however way it works for you.然后写下单词reject, inject eject, subject等等,或者你们也可以列一个表,无论什么方式,只要对你们来说有用就行。So three ways that I will recommend to group words, again if you like the roots, group them like that: eject, reject, object, subject, inject.我会给你们推荐三种单词分组的方法,再说一下,如果你们喜欢词根,那就按照词根分组,比如:eject, reject, object, subject, inject。Now the reason youre going to make groups is because maybe you dont remember object or object, remember, now moreover,要给单词分组的原因是,也许你们不记得;object;的意思了,但是你们记得;-ject;,你们记得这个小组,but you remember ;-ject;, you remember this group, you sort of remember what ;-ject; means, so you can apply it to object.在一定程度上记得;-ject;的意思,那么你们就能把这个意思适用于;object;。;-ject; is like push, in most contexts object is push away, refuse, okay?;-ject;有推的意思,在大部分语境中,;object;是推开,也就是拒绝的意思。So if you dont remember the word, hopefully you will remember the idea of the group and then that will remind you what the word means, okay?所以,如果你们不记得这个单词,但愿你们记得这个小组的概念,然后它们就会提醒你们这个单词的意思。Another group you can use is similar meanings, so synonyms, words that have similar meanings or a similar function, okay?你们能用的另一种分组方法是相似的意义,即同义词,也就是有着相似的含义或者相似功能的单词。So for example, Im going to look at this function ;increase;, extend, expand, accelerate, intensify, reinforce,比如,我要看;increase;(增加)这个功能,那么extend, expand, accelerate, intensify, reinforce,all of these have some sort... in their meaning, have some sort of connection to increase.这些单词的含义都跟;increase;有某种联系。;Extend;, make longer, increase length or time, duration; ;expand;, increase size or scope;;extend;的含义是“使......更长”,“增加长度或时间”,“音延”; ;expand;是“增加规模或范围”;;accelerate;, increase speed; ;intensify;, increase intensity; ;reinforce;, increase strength.;accelerate;是“提高速度”;;intensify;是“加强强度”;;reinforce;是“增加力度”。So you... maybe you see the word ;reinforce;, youre ing something, you see the word ;reinforce;.也许你们看到了单词;reinforce;,也许你们在阅读某个材料的时候看见了;reinforce;这个单词。Youre not exactly sure what it means, but you remember the group it was in, the group was the increase group.你们不能完全确定它的意思,但是你们记得它所在的小组,它在;increase;小组里。So ;reinforce; means increase, plus, the context of the sentence you saw it in will help you understand it means increase strength,所以;reinforce;的意思是增加,另外,你们看见的它所在句子的语境也会帮你们理解它的意思,它有“ 增加力量”的意思,or sometimes it could be increase number like a number of soldiers, reinforce the position.或者有时候它也有“增加数量”的意思,比如士兵的数量,或者加强地位。The last group is theme, for example lets say for today that the theme is technology, okay?最后一种分组是主题,比如我们假设今天的主题是科技。So you write words that have to do with technology.那么你们写的单词就要和科技有关。;Obsolete;, ;state-of-the-art;, ;update;, ;downgrade;, ;cutting-edge;, all these words we can talk about like computer softwares or computers.比如;obsolete;, ;state-of-the-art;, ;update;, ;downgrade;, ;cutting-edge;,所有这些单词我们都能用来谈论电脑软件或者电脑。;Obsolete;, old not useful anymore, nobody uses this anymore...uh... Windows XP maybe not completely obsolete but almost obsolete or hardly anybody uses it anymore.;obsolete;的意思是“旧的,不再有用的,没人会再用的”,比如Windows XP,它也许不是完全废弃的,但是也几乎废弃了,或者基本上没人会再用它了。;State-of-the-art; means the newest; ;cutting-edge;, the newest, the most modern, that the most advanced you can get; ;update; to make newer; ;downgrade; to make less.;state-of-the-art; 的意思是“最新的”;;cutting-edge;是“最新的,最现代的,能获得的最先进的”;;update;的意思是“使......变得更新”;;downgrade;是“使......更差一些”。For example, I have Windows 8, I dont like it, I want to downgrade to Windows 7, but I cant do it, Windows 8 wont let me.举个例子来说,我用的是Windows 8系统,我不喜欢它,想把它降级成Windows 7,但是我没法儿这么做,因为Windows 8不会让我这么做的。But anyway so you have a theme, you have a function, you have the root.不管怎么说,你们有三种分组方法:主题、功能、词根。Learn in chunks, if you dont remember one word, youll remember the group, it will help you understand the word youre looking at, okay?学习词块,如果你们记不住单个单词,你们会记住整个小组,它会帮你们弄懂眼前的这个单词的。Go to engvid.com, Ill give you a quiz, give you some more practice with these ideas,你们可以去engvid.com网站上看看,我会在那里上传一个小测验,让你们多练习一下这些方法,and subscribe to my YouTube channel and come again and we will do this again.Thanks!同时也别忘了订阅我的YouTube频道,还有,我们下次上课的时候欢迎再来观看。谢谢!201707/516476

The Industrial Revolution created the development of the middle class.工业革命带来了中产阶层的发展It created wealth that we never wouldve imagined possible before.创造了以前不曾奢望的财富John Rockefeller may have lost his court case, but the smaller companies created from Standard Oil will go on to become corporate giants with names like Exxon, Mobil and Chevron and John Rockefeller is a shareholder in each new company.约翰·洛克菲勒虽然输了官司 但是从标准石油公司分出去的小公司将最终成为埃克森 美孚和雪佛龙这样的企业巨头 约翰·洛克菲勒在这些新公司都有股份Its ironic, isnt it I mean, its a great moment in American history and it established the principle that monopolistic practices should not be for the future and that sounds really good.具有讽刺意味 是不是 这的确是美国历史上一个伟大的时刻 确立了未来不允许垄断行为的原则 这听起来的确不错Except now they were all separate and my great grandfather had large amounts of stock in every one of them. He made more money than he ever made in his life.只是现在这些独立的公司呢 我的曾祖父都占有大量的股票 他赚的钱比以前赚的多得多The effect on John D. Rockefeller was absolutely blissful from his point of view.这对约翰·D·洛克菲勒来说结果非常完美Even in defeat, John Rockefeller becomes the richest man in the history of the world with a net worth of almost six hundred and sixty billion dollars in todays money.虽然败诉了 约翰·洛克菲勒仍然是世界历史上的首富 其身价差不多相当于今天的六千六百亿美元201608/455076The press entrance is that way, so you have to ask them, unfortunately.新闻发布会的入口在那边所以你必须去问他们。Nikki, should we go...-Just one person, huh?Nikki,我们该进去了…-只能进去一个人。Nikki, um, Ill see you later.Nikki,那等会儿见。Looking at these collections, I look for what I think a woman could wear, would wear, and whether it would fit a human body, other than the model.我看这些时装秀的时候会去想一个女人能穿什么样的衣,会穿什么样的衣对于大部分人来说这衣是不是合身,这衣不能只设计给模特穿。Im very attuned to that.我很重视这点。If it isnt something a woman could wear, I have no interest in it.如果这衣不能给大部分人穿那我就没什么兴趣。Ive watched Bill photograph from the front row, and you can see when the camera goes up or the camera stays down.我观察过Bill在时装秀拍照的样子你可以看到他什么时候举起相机,什么时候放下。And hes very opinionated.他很有自己的观点。He does not applaud everyone.他不会为每一件作品喝。He knows whats innovative...and whats borrowed or copied.他能看出来什么是新鲜的创意什么是无趣的或是抄袭的。He knows if he sees someone, you know, putting something on a runway...if it was done, like, 30 years before.他能一眼看出来…在一次时装展上某一件衣是不是抄袭了三十年前的作品。And so he would pull it up.如果他发现了。Thirty years before, and hed show the picture and...I mean, he got...Designers would be devastated.他会去找出那张三十年前的照片来做对比这样…弄得很多设计师很是尴尬。201609/460797

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