可见，“thick skin”的贬义不像“厚脸皮”那么重其形容词“thick- skinned”的意思则是“感觉迟钝，分不清好坏”，但还没达到“不知羞耻”的程度其实汉语中“厚脸皮”更多的应该相当于英语中“cheeky”，“impudent”，“brazen”甚至“shameless”；“厚着脸皮说”可以翻译为“have the nervecheek to say”
对立观点型万能模板 -- 1::1 来源： 六级英语写作所占分值较大，对广大考生提出的要求也相对较高从考查要求来看，写作部分不但考查了考生对词汇、语法、搭配和句型的运用能力，还要求考生 从审题、列提纲、句子创作到组段成篇都具有很高的掌控能力对于写作基础不太好的考生，背诵模板可以助你快速提分 对立观点型作文模板 Is It Up to Students to Evaluate Teachers? The past few years have witnessed a mounting number of universities allowing students to evaluate their teachers and even decide if they can stay on their positions or not. To this practice, people’s attitudes differ considerably. Some applaud it warmly whereas others criticize and even condemn it harshly. Proponents of the practice may list the following reasons. In the first place, they assert that students are the people who know the most clearly about the teaching permance of a teacher, so they should have the say in evaluating him or her. In the second place, they contend that students have paid their education, so they have the right to decide which teacher should be employed. Opponents, however, point out that it is dangerous to leave the right to students to evaluate teachers. one thing, students may not know what ought to be taught and how it should be taught; they may only judge a teacher according to his temper and even accent or appearance. another, in order to please students, some teachers may resort to some improper means. Personally, I believe that both views are justifiable, and we should achieve a balance between them by employing the evaluating approach in a reasonable and beneficial way. To be specific, students should be allowed to evaluate their teachers, but they may not be the only decision-maker in the teachers’ fate.
这两个字都是形容一个人很可悲，专指有些事情不是自己所能控制而且也无力控制的例如，"We poor, pathetic consumers don't know。
乍一看“at the eleventh hour”我们很容易把它字面意思翻译为“（在）十一点钟”，但实际上我们翻译错了英语成语往往有它自身特殊的含义和用法，其实这个短语应翻译为“关键时刻，危急时候”，相当于“the last moment”那么为什么“十一点钟”成了“关键时刻”？
中写作分数低的原因有一下几点 -- ::58 来源： 写作考试中很多考生不能取得高分的原因有哪些?大家可以关注一下，帮助大家在备考期间进行有效的备考提前避免这些问题，如果存在这些问题可以及时改正，接下来跟着小编一起来看看详细的原因分析吧1.跑题或不相关There are many reasons to buy a car, preferably a nice car.这个意思与okay children to fail sometimes.所表达的意思很普通大多数人都已经知道到了，因而就没有必要再说出来这一点是很多人在写作中都会犯的错误.标点问题I love animals. And I like to help them. Because they are helpless. So I want to become a vet.这是一个非常普遍的问题!许多学生在句子中使用了太多的句号，尤其是当他们用手写的时候标点常常是大家在写作中最容易忽视的地方，一定要注意标点的作用3.重复冗余Personally, I believe what the newspaper prints.一种意思的表述不止一次，或者某个词语不必要.单数复数Many year ago, dinosaur roamed the Earths.单词需要从单数变为复数，或者由复数变成单数单数可数名词单数可数名词不能单独使用，应该将其变为复数形式或者加上限定词(a, the, my, his, her, Garyrsquo;s, no, any, 1, 3, 50, most,等等)5.拼写错误主语、动词或宾语有问题I want to buy something my mother that she will like it. There was a terrible accident happen yesterday.句子的基本结构有问题 缺少主语、动词或宾语，或者这些成分重复6.语气与文章不符I was kind of mad at the guy who vociferated angry words at me. I have heard many wonderful things about such cosmopolitan cities as Paris, London, Tokyo, and Hong Kong and I would love to visit these cities to check them out.语气与文章其他部分不相符可能是过于正式或者太不正式7.代词指代不明If people do not speak the same language, it has a greater chance of miscommunication. I intend to complete my studies in the ed States because they have good programs there.代词所指代的指示词(介词所代替的名词)不清楚8.过于笼统We should use our resources on Earth because the Earth is getting worse. 句子或它所表达的意思过于笼统，不能提供多少信息导致写作低分的主要原因就是这个9.动词时态错误Yesterday I will go to the store because tomorrow I needed some food.动词时态不正确检查一下是应该用现在时、过去时、将来时还是完成时等等.选词不恰当I was late getting home because I lost my way.在这种情况下不应该使用该词可选择更好的词语或者所使用的词语与文章的总体语气不符这也是在中国考生中导致写作低分的普遍存在的问题.单词形式不当I want to creation a great web site so that I can becoming wealth.所使用的单词的形式不正确检查一下应该使用该词的名词、形容词或副词形式的哪一种.用词错误Even I donrsquo;t speak Spanish, I was able to find a bathroom in the department store. I gained a lot of pounds during vacation.用词错误或在此种情况下该词不是最佳用词 写作四六级资讯 六级讲义阅读理解 Passage Thirteen -- :59: 来源： Passage Thirteen Cryptic coloring is by far the commonest use of color in the struggle existence. It is employed the purpose of attack as well as of defense . The fact that the same method concealment, may be used both attack and defense has been well explained by T.Belt who suggests as an illustration the rapidity of movement which is also made use of by both pursuer and pursued, which is similarly raised to a maximum in both by the gradual dying out of the slowest through a series of generations. Cryptic coloring is commonly associated with other aids in the struggle life. Thus well-concealed mammals and birds, when discovered, will generally endeavor to escape by speed and will often attempt to defend themselves actively. On the other hand, small animals which have no means of active defense, such as large, numbers of insects, frequently depend upon concealment alone. Protective resemblance is far commoner among animals than aggressive resemblance, in correspondence with the fact that predaceous ms are as a rule much larger and much less numerous than their prey. In the case of insectivorous Vertebrata and their prey such differences exist in an exaggerated m. Cryptic coloring, whether used defense of attack, may be either general or special. In general resemblance the animal, in consequence of its coloring, produces the same effect as its environment, but the conditions do not require any special adaptation of shape and outline. General resemblance is especially common among the animal inhabiting some unimly colored expanse of the earth’s surface, such as an ocean or a desert. In the mer, animals of all shapes are frequently protected by their transparent blue color, on the latter, equally diverse ms are defended by their sandy appearance. The effect of a unim appearance may be produced by a combination of tints in startling contrast. Thus the black and white stripes of the zebra blend together at a little distance, and “their proportion is such as exactly to match the pale tint which arid ground possesses when seen by moonlight.” Special resemblance is far commoner than general and is the m which is usually met with on the diversified surface of the earth, on the shores, and in shallow water, as well as on the floating masses of algae on the surface of the ocean, such as the Sargasso Sea. In these environments the cryptic coloring of animals is usually aided by special modifications of shape, and by the instinct which leads them to assume particular attitudes. Complete stillness and the assumption of a certain attitude play an essential part in general resemblance on land; but in special resemblance the attitude is often highly specialized, and perhaps more important than any other element in the complex method by which concealment is effected. In special resemblance the combination of coloring, shape, and attitude is such as to produce a more or less exact resemblance to some one of the objects in the environment, such as a leaf of twig, a patch of lichen, a flake of bark. In all cases the resemblance is to some object which is of no interest to the enemy or prey respectively. The animal is not hidden from view by becoming indistinguishable from its background as in the case of general resemblance, but it is mistaken some well-know object. In seeking the interpretation of these most interesting and elaborate adaptations, attempts have been made along two lines. The first seeks to explain the effect as a result of the direct influence of the environment upon the individual , or by the inherited effects of efts and the use and disuse of parts . The second believes that natural selection produced the result and afterwards maintained it by the survival of the best concealed in each generation. The mer suggestion breaks down when the complex nature of numerous special resemblances is appreciated. Thus the arrangement of colors of many kinds into an appropriate pattern requires the cooperation of a suitable shape and the rigidly exact adoption of a certain elaborate attitude. The latter is instinctive and thus depends on the central nervous system. The cryptic effect is due to the exact cooperation of all these factors; and in the present state of science, the only possible hole of an interpretation lies in the theory of natural selection, which can accumulate any and every variation which tends toward survival. A few of the chief types of methods by which concealment is effected may be briefly described. The colors of large numbers of vertebrate animals are darkest on the back and become gradually lighter on the sides, passing into white on the belly. Abbot H. Thayer has suggested that this gradation obliterates the appearance of solidity, which is due to shadow. The color harmony, which is also essential to concealment, is produced because the back is of the same tint as the environment , bathed in the cold blue-white of the sky, while the belly, being cold blue-white and bathed in shadow and yellow earth reflections produces the same effects. This method of neutralizing shadow the purpose of concealment by increased lightness of tint was first suggested by E.B.Poulton in the case of a larva and a pupa, but he did not appreciate the great importance of the principle. In an analogous method an animal in front of a background of dark shadow may have part of its body obliterated by the existence of a dark tint, the remainder resembling, e.g., a part of a leaf. This method of rendering invisible any part which would interfere with the resemblance is well know in mimicry. 1、The black and white stripes of the zebra are most useful m [A]. hunters. [B]. nocturnal predators [C]. lions and tigers. [C]. insectivorous Vertrbrata 、Aggressive resemblance occurs when [A]. a predaceous attitude is assumed. [B]. special resemblance is utilized. [C]. an animal relies on speed. [D]. an animal blends in with its background. 3、Special resemblance differs from general resemblance in that the animal relies on [A]. its ability to frighten its adversary. [B]. speed. [C]. its ability to assume an attitude. [D]. mistaken identify 、The title below that best expresses the ides of this passage is [A]. Cryptic coloration Protection. [B]. How Animals Survive. [C]. The uses of Mimicry in Nature. [D]. Resemblances of Animals. 5、Of the following which is the least common? [A]. protective resemblance. [B]. General resemblance. [C]. Aggressive resemblance. [D]. Special resemblance. Vocabulary 1. cryptic 隐藏的，保护的 cryptic coloring 保护色，隐藏色 . predaceous 食肉的，捕食其他动物的 3. vertebrate 脊椎动物门 . tint 色泽，色 5. zebra 斑马 6. Sargasso 果本马尾藻 7. twig 嫩枝 8. lichen 地衣 9. flake 一片 . gradation 等级，层次，分等 . obliterate 涂抹，擦去，使消失 . larva 幼虫，幼体 . pupa 蛹 . mimicry 模仿，拟态 . nocturnal 夜间发生的，夜出的 . insectivorous 食虫的 . procryptic 有保护色的，保护性的 难句译注 1、…the rapidity of movement which is also made use of by both pursuer and pursued, which is similarly raised to a maximum in both by the gradual dying out of the slowest through a series of generations. [参考译文] 追捕动物和被追的动物也利用快速的动作这种快速的运动同样是通过几代更迭，逐渐消除了慢速，而发展到快速顶峰 、Protective resemblance is far commoner among animals than aggressive resemblance, in correspondence with the fact that predaceous ms are as a rule much larger and much less numerous than their prey. [参考译文] 保护性模仿远比侵犯行模仿要普遍得多，这是和下述的情况想配合的：食肉的(形式)动物，惯律总是比他们捕食的对象要大而且多得多 3、The effect of a unim appearance may be produced by a combination of tints in startling contrast. [参考译文] 在惊人的对比中，色泽的综合可能产生外形一致的效果 、…their proportion is such as exactly to match the pale tint which arid ground possesses when seen by moonlight. [参考译文] (这里指斑马的黑白条)比例正好和在月光下观看贫瘠土地所具有的苍白色泽相吻合 5、In these environments the cryptic coloring of animals is usually aided by special modifications of shape, and by the instinct which leads them to assume particular attitudes. [参考译文] 在这些环境中，动物的保护色常常得到特定的形状变化和本能的协作，这种本能会使动物采取特定的姿势 6、Complete stillness and the assumption of a certain attitude play an essential part in general resemblance on land; but in special resemblance the attitude is often highly specialized… [参考译文] 绝对静态和采取一般姿势在陆地的一般模仿中起很大作用，而在专门模仿中，姿势常常是高度专门化的 7、Thus the arrangement of colors of many kinds into an appropriate pattern requires the cooperation of a suitable shape and the rigidly exact adoption of a certain elaborate attitude. [参考译文] 许多类颜色排列成恰当的模式形式，要求把合适的外形和严格的采用一定的精心设计的姿势相结合 8、The cryptic effect is due to the exact cooperation of all these factors; and in the present state of science, the only possible hole of an interpretation lies in the theory of natural selection, which can accumulate any and every variation which tends toward survival. [参考译文] 保护效果是由于所以这些因素确切合作而形成根据目前科学水平，唯一的解释(此种现象)就是自然选择理论，它可以累积要生存的各种变异变种 写作方法与文章大意 文章以一般到具体的协作和分类方式写作，第一段点出生物界生存竞争中最常用的一种颜色是保护色，保护色可分为两类：进犯(进攻)型和防卫型一般是防御性保护色多于进攻型而两种类型都可归纳为一般性模仿和专门(特定)模仿居住(栖息)在单一色泽的地方的动物，如海洋或沙漠，常采用模仿性保护色——如透明的绿色，土色等，而特定摸刚的动物则栖息在多样性的地方，如海岸，浅水，海洋表面等特定模仿还需要有改变形状姿势之协作，使其看起来像客观环境中的某物，某种身份mistaken identify. 第二段涉及有关模仿性的解释的探索，结果为二一种观点是环境直接影响的结果第二种是自然选择的结果当人们理解了许多特定模仿的复杂特性时，第一种解释就不能成立了这说明保护效果是一切因素——合适的外形和某种精心设计的姿势等——合作而成现在科学水平来解释，只能归之“自然选择”理论，然后是用具体例子来实 祥解 1、B. 夜间活动的食肉动物见难句译注，斑马的黑白相间颜色的比例正好和月光下所见的贫瘠土地的苍白的色泽相吻合当然能保护斑马夜间免遭这些食肉动物的袭击 A. 捕获者 C. 狮子和老虎 D. 食虫的脊椎动物 、A. 在装成捕食其他动物的姿势时 B. 应该专门模仿 C. 动物依赖速度 D. 动物和背景混在一起 3、D. 搞错认错了动物(身份)(mistaken identify 认错了人之义)见第一段最后一句话，它不像一般模仿那样，通过动物和背景难以辨别从而从视觉中隐藏起来，它是被误认为某种著名动物 A. 用以吓走它的对手(敌人)的能力 B. 速度 C. 采用某种姿势的能力 、C. 自然界模拟的运动文章一开始就点命保护色迄今为止生存斗争中最常用的一种颜色，常用于进攻和防卫保护色常和其他措施相配合，首先提到速度，见难句译注1然后讲到保护色分类，一般(普通)和特殊(专门)模拟模仿第二段解释或说明模拟适应性第一种解释为环境使然影响第二种认为是自然界选择之结果 A. 为了保卫的保护色 B. 动物是如何存活下来 D. 动物之模仿性 5、C. 进攻性(侵犯性)模仿见难句译注 A. 保护色模仿 B. 一般性模仿 D. 专项模仿 阅读理解 讲义年(TOEFL)考试词汇归纳C() --5 :: 来源：qnr 8 clumsy a.笨拙的；不好看的；粗陋的 [obs clumse be numb（麻木的）with cold] cluster n.串；束 [clyster： cf CLOT凝结] clutch v.抓紧 [18th c： prob SEngl var of cletch cleck to hatch klekja，assoc with CLUTCH（用手或指甲等）抓住，] [握] clutter n.喧闹 [partly var of clotter coagulate， partly assoc with CLUSTER，CLATTER 嗒声；喧闹] coadjutor n.助手；伙伴 [ adjutor adjuvare -jut- help ADJUTANT副手；副官] coalesce v.联合；合并 [alescere alit- grow alere nourish coalition结合，合并] coax v.甘言劝诱 coaxal a.同轴的 cockade n.帽章 [fem of obs coquard saucy傲慢的；活泼的coq COCK公鸡；耸立] 1 56 词汇 归纳 词汇 考试 TOEFL
．中文水平高 6. 从物理学的观点来看，不同的波长有多少种，颜色就有多少种
英语能力>英语作文>初一英语作文 忙碌的一天（A Busy Day） -- :: 来源： A Busy DayShe is very busy today, just like a busy bee. In the morning, I had two seccsions and after that I had a lesson my IELTS. I don't even have my lunch. There lots of people in my IELTS class and most of them came from India. The reason why they want to attent this course is similar to me. Right now, I feel exhausted and don't want to work, but I still have lots homework to do. I also have some other problem. Last term, I decided to start my new term in Newcastle, and asked Jhon to give my money back. And now, I have changed my mind, so told Jhon I did not want my fees back, but she told me the check had been sent out almost two weeks. I haven't received my check until now, and I told her the truth. Finally, she said she would help me to ask finaNcial officer to give me another letter, and then after I sign that m everything will be all right. What a absurd world it is. If I had not asked Jhon to give my fees back, it would have become much easier. If my boy sleep quietly, he will see the busy bee, when it has made its honey fine, dancing in the bright sunshine. If my boy will slumber, angles without number will draw near, so fair and bright, they only come at night.
年(TOEFL)备考词汇分类归纳:报纸媒体 Newspapers Media --30 19::37 来源：qnr 标题:headline 独家新闻:scoop 特写:feature 社论:editorial 漫画:cartooncomics 讣告:obituary notice 分类广告:classified ad 文艺:literary criticism 图片新闻:tabloid 桃色新闻:sex scandal 总编:editor-in-chief 专栏作者:columnist 新闻报导:news coverage 词汇 归纳 词汇 报纸 媒体 TOEFL Newspapers Media
粽子——Zongzi (Glutinous Rice Wrapped in Bamboo Leaves)