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定南县人民医院人流要多少钱百科资讯

2019年10月22日 23:14:38 | 作者:咨询指南 | 来源:新华社
So the first lesson is don’t kill motivation.第一课是不要扼杀积极性You know businesses are often not about just increasing it, it is by stop decreasing it.企业通常不是增加积极性而是不要阻止积极性下降I’ll tell you a story I gave a talk at a company in Seattle a few years ago.我来讲个故事 几年前我给一家西雅图的公司做演讲It’s a big software company and I was giving a talk and I was in this room with 200 really depressed engineers talking to them.它是一家规模很大的软件公司 在那个房间听我演讲的是两百名很沮丧的工程师It turns out they were working on whatever the next version of the they were working on something really important and big for that company原来 他们之前正在致力研发新一代的(软件)那是个大项目 对公司非常重要and the week before I showed up the CEO of the company came to them and canceled the project.然而在我去的前一周公司的CEO将项目取消了And they were incredibly devastated.他们为此深受打击This was a group that worked for two years on something that they felt would be the next great thing for that company and the week before he just canceled it.那个团队致力于研究那个项目已经有两年的时间了 而且他们认为那对于公司来说将是下一个伟大的奇迹 就在一周之前他将项目取消了And they did not show up on time. They were just devastated.(演讲的时候)他们没有准时到场 他们只是太沮丧了They were just morally devastated and by the way after that many of them just left the company.而且信念受到了打击 那之后他们中的很多人选择离开公司They were very good people. They were just so demoralized.他们都是很优秀的人 只是受到的打击太大了And I asked them I said okay, let’s just assume the CEO had to cancel the project.然后我就问他们 我说好吧 让我们就当他必须取消这个项目Let’s assume he had to cancel for whatever reason. Let’s not question that.让我们假设他因为某些原因必须这样做 我们先不要质疑这个What could the CEO have done not to get you to be so depressed?那么CEO怎样做才能让你们不这么失望?And they came up with all kinds of ideas.然后他们提出了各种想法They said what if he allowed them to make a few working prototypes and distribute them within the company for a few years.他们说如果CEO允许他们去做一些雏形 然后在公司内部分配使用几年Just kind of see what people do with them.只是看看人们会用它们做些什么They say what if he allowed them to take parts of this new technology that we’re developing他么说如果CEO允许他们拿正在开发的新技术and see which parts will be useful in other parts of the organization, right, have some kind of leftovers from the project.去试看看新技术的哪部分在系统里的其它地方可以充分利用即项目剩下来的部分给他们测试看看They said what if you would allow them to do a workshop for the whole company to show them the journey of the last two years.他们说如果允许他们去做一个面向整个公司的研讨会去展示他们过去两年的历程What they’ve accomplished, what they’ve learned, what they struggled with, what they figured out.展示他们两年来的成就 他们学到的东西 他们克的困难 他们发现的东西And the thing about all of those suggestions, all of them would have needed some time, money and effort,然而所有的这些建议 都需要时间 金钱以及努力才能完成Right. And if the CEO thinks that those people are just like rats in a cage he said oh, I told you to go this way, you went this way.而且如果CEO认为这些人只是像笼子里的老鼠 他说我让你走这边 你就走这边Now I want to go somewhere else. I’ll close that gate.现在 我想去其他的地方 我要把这边的门关上I’ll tell you to go somewhere else. Then you don’t need to worry about motivation.我会告诉你去其他的地方 这样你就不需要担心积极性But if you understand that motivation is incredibly important then you say how do we get these people who have invested a lot in this and how we don’t just crush their spirits.但是如果你知道积极性非常重要 你会问要怎样做这些人为这个项目已经投入很多 我们怎样做才能不摧毁他们的信念But what he did was to crush their spirits.而这个CEO干的就是摧毁人信念的事So lesson number one is stop crushing people’s spirit.所以第一课就是 停止摧毁人们的信念And, you know, it might seem like a ridiculous obvious thing to do but if you look at lots of companies you’ll see lots of places好吧 你可能会觉得 这是谁都知道的事但是 如果你看得多where not because people intend to do harm but just because we don’t truly appreciate where meaning comes to life.你会看到有很多时候人们并不是有意去伤害只是因为我们无法领会到那些行为的意义We do lots of those things. We get people to start projects and we cut it in the middle.我们做很多这样的事情 我们让人们开始一个项目 然后中途又停止We get people to prepare presentations and they never get delivered.我们让人去准备发布会 然后永远不给人机会发布We do all kinds of things that eliminate motivation.我们做各种各样的扼杀积极性的事情Imagine we were doing this little segment and we knew all along there’s a good chance it will never see the light of day.想象我们正在做一个小视频 我们知道很可能它没有机会让人们看到It will just never be posted or anything like it.永远不会被发布或公开A black hole where it’s being posted and nobody, nobody, nobody will see it.它像是被放在一个黑洞 永远 永远 永远没人能看见How exciting would that be. You know lots of people are working in an environment like that.这难道会令人激动 你知道很多人都是在这样的环境下工作Now Now the more important question is how do we get people to be, you know, get more motivation,现在更重要的问题是 我们怎样做才能 你知道的 使人有更多的积极性not just stop decreasing motivation but increasing the sense of meaning.不只是停止降低积极性 还有要增加工作的意义Lots of ways to do it and maybe the best example is to think about the open source community.有很多方式可以做到 可能最好的例子就是像开源社区一样思考One of the things that happened in the open source community is that在开源社区 有一个前提规定there was a legal advance where they basically agreed that everybody who writes a piece of code their name would always be connected to it.社员们基本上认同 即每当一个人写一段代码他的名字就与这段代码关联起来Now you can say who cares. People care.现在你可能说 谁会关心 创作者会关心If your name is connected to a piece of code you’re going to maintain that piece of code forever.如果你的名字和一段代码联系在一起 你就会去维护它直到永远There was a period in time where people were worried about getting open source software.有一段时间 人们不敢使用开源软件They said who’s going to maintain it?他们担心没人维护它If your name is connected to it you’re going to maintain it.可是如果你的名字与代码关联 你就会去维护它And indeed people maintain all kinds of software in all kinds of unlikely events.而且人们也确实在各种看似不可能的情况下 维护着各种软件And people invest in it and knowing that if I create something and人们在上面投入时间精力金钱 知道如果我创造一些东西 其他人会在此基础上继续建造other people build on it, it would always have my name and my connection and my sense of contribution is incredibly motivating.它将一直带着我的名字 和我相关 是我奉献的意义所在这就是最不可思议的动力So just think about that simple idea of where do we put people’s names.所以只要解决一个简单的小问题 我们要怎么把人的名字On every piece of software.放到每一个软件上Like why on the hood of the car all the people who are involved could sign their name in a very small print.像所有相关的人都可以在汽车引擎盖上签下自己的名字用非常小的字迹And then of course there’s other things, right.当然 还有其它需要注意的It’s not just about name association.那并不只是一个名字大集合It’s about the feeling of contribution and the feeling that you have a say, autonomy right.它事关人们的奉献感 以及 你可以说是 自主感是吧That you’re not just told what you’re going to do, it’s that you are doing it.不再是你被告知要做什么 而是你自己选择去做There’s a very cute experiment in which they take kids.他们用孩子做了一个非常有趣的实验They come with their mother to a lab and they go into a separate room with the research assistants.他们跟他们的妈妈一起走进实验室 然后孩子们跟助理一起走进和妈妈不同的房间And they do a drawing together and one time the research assistant does the drawing and the kid tells them what to do.孩子和助理一起合作画画 第一次是助理画画 孩子告诉助理怎么画画So the kids give the instructions and the research assistant does the mechanical work.所以孩子给出指示 研究助理只是机械地画画Another condition the research assistant gives the instruction and the kids, the kid does the mechanical work.另一种情况是助理给出指示 孩子机械地画画And then as they finish it the research assistant takes the drawing in their hand,当他们完成后 助手把画拿在手里go out of the room first before the kid, shows it to the mother and says look what I did.在孩子之前走了出去 并且把画展示给母亲们看 说“看 这是我做的”And the question is when will the kid be more upset, right.问题是哪种条件下 孩子们会更加不安So the research assistant takes credit for the kid’s job.助理把孩子占据了孩子的作品然后得到了赞扬When will the kid be more upset?哪种情况下孩子们会更沮丧When the kid did the drawing but the idea was somebody else’s or when the idea was the kid’s and somebody else did the mechanical thing?当孩子执笔但想法来自其他人的时候 还是想法是孩子的别人只是照着画的时候And the kids get more upset when it was their idea, which was their idea.当作品是出自孩子的想法时孩子更沮丧Think about how much we don’t give credit in this world to other people’s ideas.想一下我们多少时刻没有给人们的想法给予赞扬How many people feel that their ideas were taken, somebody else is using it and they don’t get credit.多少人感觉他们的想法被别人拿去使用 而他们自己却得不到赞扬Credit is free, right. Credit is great. Give everybody credit, right.赞扬是免费的 是吧 赞扬是无价的 赞美每个人 对吧There’s a team of a 100 people, give everybody credit. Why not?团队有100个人 给每一个人赞扬 为什么不呢?Why are we so stingy with giving people credit.为什么我们都那么不喜欢给予别人赞扬Anyway, so there’s lots of other examples like this无论如何有很多像这样的例子where you could just say let’s look at all the things所以让我们着眼于所有可以给予人们意义的事情that give people a sense of meaning and let’s just try to give more of it on an every day basis.让我们努力将每一天都过得更有意义201706/514965So the first lesson is don’t kill motivation.第一课是不要扼杀积极性You know businesses are often not about just increasing it, it is by stop decreasing it.企业通常不是增加积极性而是不要阻止积极性下降I’ll tell you a story I gave a talk at a company in Seattle a few years ago.我来讲个故事 几年前我给一家西雅图的公司做演讲It’s a big software company and I was giving a talk and I was in this room with 200 really depressed engineers talking to them.它是一家规模很大的软件公司 在那个房间听我演讲的是两百名很沮丧的工程师It turns out they were working on whatever the next version of the they were working on something really important and big for that company原来 他们之前正在致力研发新一代的(软件)那是个大项目 对公司非常重要and the week before I showed up the CEO of the company came to them and canceled the project.然而在我去的前一周公司的CEO将项目取消了And they were incredibly devastated.他们为此深受打击This was a group that worked for two years on something that they felt would be the next great thing for that company and the week before he just canceled it.那个团队致力于研究那个项目已经有两年的时间了 而且他们认为那对于公司来说将是下一个伟大的奇迹 就在一周之前他将项目取消了And they did not show up on time. They were just devastated.(演讲的时候)他们没有准时到场 他们只是太沮丧了They were just morally devastated and by the way after that many of them just left the company.而且信念受到了打击 那之后他们中的很多人选择离开公司They were very good people. They were just so demoralized.他们都是很优秀的人 只是受到的打击太大了And I asked them I said okay, let’s just assume the CEO had to cancel the project.然后我就问他们 我说好吧 让我们就当他必须取消这个项目Let’s assume he had to cancel for whatever reason. Let’s not question that.让我们假设他因为某些原因必须这样做 我们先不要质疑这个What could the CEO have done not to get you to be so depressed?那么CEO怎样做才能让你们不这么失望?And they came up with all kinds of ideas.然后他们提出了各种想法They said what if he allowed them to make a few working prototypes and distribute them within the company for a few years.他们说如果CEO允许他们去做一些雏形 然后在公司内部分配使用几年Just kind of see what people do with them.只是看看人们会用它们做些什么They say what if he allowed them to take parts of this new technology that we’re developing他么说如果CEO允许他们拿正在开发的新技术and see which parts will be useful in other parts of the organization, right, have some kind of leftovers from the project.去试看看新技术的哪部分在系统里的其它地方可以充分利用即项目剩下来的部分给他们测试看看They said what if you would allow them to do a workshop for the whole company to show them the journey of the last two years.他们说如果允许他们去做一个面向整个公司的研讨会去展示他们过去两年的历程What they’ve accomplished, what they’ve learned, what they struggled with, what they figured out.展示他们两年来的成就 他们学到的东西 他们克的困难 他们发现的东西And the thing about all of those suggestions, all of them would have needed some time, money and effort,然而所有的这些建议 都需要时间 金钱以及努力才能完成Right. And if the CEO thinks that those people are just like rats in a cage he said oh, I told you to go this way, you went this way.而且如果CEO认为这些人只是像笼子里的老鼠 他说我让你走这边 你就走这边Now I want to go somewhere else. I’ll close that gate.现在 我想去其他的地方 我要把这边的门关上I’ll tell you to go somewhere else. Then you don’t need to worry about motivation.我会告诉你去其他的地方 这样你就不需要担心积极性But if you understand that motivation is incredibly important then you say how do we get these people who have invested a lot in this and how we don’t just crush their spirits.但是如果你知道积极性非常重要 你会问要怎样做这些人为这个项目已经投入很多 我们怎样做才能不摧毁他们的信念But what he did was to crush their spirits.而这个CEO干的就是摧毁人信念的事So lesson number one is stop crushing people’s spirit.所以第一课就是 停止摧毁人们的信念And, you know, it might seem like a ridiculous obvious thing to do but if you look at lots of companies you’ll see lots of places好吧 你可能会觉得 这是谁都知道的事但是 如果你看得多where not because people intend to do harm but just because we don’t truly appreciate where meaning comes to life.你会看到有很多时候人们并不是有意去伤害只是因为我们无法领会到那些行为的意义We do lots of those things. We get people to start projects and we cut it in the middle.我们做很多这样的事情 我们让人们开始一个项目 然后中途又停止We get people to prepare presentations and they never get delivered.我们让人去准备发布会 然后永远不给人机会发布We do all kinds of things that eliminate motivation.我们做各种各样的扼杀积极性的事情Imagine we were doing this little segment and we knew all along there’s a good chance it will never see the light of day.想象我们正在做一个小视频 我们知道很可能它没有机会让人们看到It will just never be posted or anything like it.永远不会被发布或公开A black hole where it’s being posted and nobody, nobody, nobody will see it.它像是被放在一个黑洞 永远 永远 永远没人能看见How exciting would that be. You know lots of people are working in an environment like that.这难道会令人激动 你知道很多人都是在这样的环境下工作Now Now the more important question is how do we get people to be, you know, get more motivation,现在更重要的问题是 我们怎样做才能 你知道的 使人有更多的积极性not just stop decreasing motivation but increasing the sense of meaning.不只是停止降低积极性 还有要增加工作的意义Lots of ways to do it and maybe the best example is to think about the open source community.有很多方式可以做到 可能最好的例子就是像开源社区一样思考One of the things that happened in the open source community is that在开源社区 有一个前提规定there was a legal advance where they basically agreed that everybody who writes a piece of code their name would always be connected to it.社员们基本上认同 即每当一个人写一段代码他的名字就与这段代码关联起来Now you can say who cares. People care.现在你可能说 谁会关心 创作者会关心If your name is connected to a piece of code you’re going to maintain that piece of code forever.如果你的名字和一段代码联系在一起 你就会去维护它直到永远There was a period in time where people were worried about getting open source software.有一段时间 人们不敢使用开源软件They said who’s going to maintain it?他们担心没人维护它If your name is connected to it you’re going to maintain it.可是如果你的名字与代码关联 你就会去维护它And indeed people maintain all kinds of software in all kinds of unlikely events.而且人们也确实在各种看似不可能的情况下 维护着各种软件And people invest in it and knowing that if I create something and人们在上面投入时间精力金钱 知道如果我创造一些东西 其他人会在此基础上继续建造other people build on it, it would always have my name and my connection and my sense of contribution is incredibly motivating.它将一直带着我的名字 和我相关 是我奉献的意义所在这就是最不可思议的动力So just think about that simple idea of where do we put people’s names.所以只要解决一个简单的小问题 我们要怎么把人的名字On every piece of software.放到每一个软件上Like why on the hood of the car all the people who are involved could sign their name in a very small print.像所有相关的人都可以在汽车引擎盖上签下自己的名字用非常小的字迹And then of course there’s other things, right.当然 还有其它需要注意的It’s not just about name association.那并不只是一个名字大集合It’s about the feeling of contribution and the feeling that you have a say, autonomy right.它事关人们的奉献感 以及 你可以说是 自主感是吧That you’re not just told what you’re going to do, it’s that you are doing it.不再是你被告知要做什么 而是你自己选择去做There’s a very cute experiment in which they take kids.他们用孩子做了一个非常有趣的实验They come with their mother to a lab and they go into a separate room with the research assistants.他们跟他们的妈妈一起走进实验室 然后孩子们跟助理一起走进和妈妈不同的房间And they do a drawing together and one time the research assistant does the drawing and the kid tells them what to do.孩子和助理一起合作画画 第一次是助理画画 孩子告诉助理怎么画画So the kids give the instructions and the research assistant does the mechanical work.所以孩子给出指示 研究助理只是机械地画画Another condition the research assistant gives the instruction and the kids, the kid does the mechanical work.另一种情况是助理给出指示 孩子机械地画画And then as they finish it the research assistant takes the drawing in their hand,当他们完成后 助手把画拿在手里go out of the room first before the kid, shows it to the mother and says look what I did.在孩子之前走了出去 并且把画展示给母亲们看 说“看 这是我做的”And the question is when will the kid be more upset, right.问题是哪种条件下 孩子们会更加不安So the research assistant takes credit for the kid’s job.助理把孩子占据了孩子的作品然后得到了赞扬When will the kid be more upset?哪种情况下孩子们会更沮丧When the kid did the drawing but the idea was somebody else’s or when the idea was the kid’s and somebody else did the mechanical thing?当孩子执笔但想法来自其他人的时候 还是想法是孩子的别人只是照着画的时候And the kids get more upset when it was their idea, which was their idea.当作品是出自孩子的想法时孩子更沮丧Think about how much we don’t give credit in this world to other people’s ideas.想一下我们多少时刻没有给人们的想法给予赞扬How many people feel that their ideas were taken, somebody else is using it and they don’t get credit.多少人感觉他们的想法被别人拿去使用 而他们自己却得不到赞扬Credit is free, right. Credit is great. Give everybody credit, right.赞扬是免费的 是吧 赞扬是无价的 赞美每个人 对吧There’s a team of a 100 people, give everybody credit. Why not?团队有100个人 给每一个人赞扬 为什么不呢?Why are we so stingy with giving people credit.为什么我们都那么不喜欢给予别人赞扬Anyway, so there’s lots of other examples like this无论如何有很多像这样的例子where you could just say let’s look at all the things所以让我们着眼于所有可以给予人们意义的事情that give people a sense of meaning and let’s just try to give more of it on an every day basis.让我们努力将每一天都过得更有意义201706/514965栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghais English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。201608/458804

Anthony Aguirre,安东尼·阿吉雷from the University of California in Santa Cruz,来自加利福尼亚大学圣克鲁兹分校is a theoretical cosmologist.是一名理论宇宙学家So hes used to thinking big.所以他习惯运用宏观思维Now to say that were going to go out现在 我们要走到室外and make a map of the universe,然后绘制一幅宇宙之图it almost sounds crazy.这听起来很疯狂It sounds like real hubris, right?听起来特别狂傲 不是吗;Were going to go and map the universe!;;我们要描绘出一张宇宙之图;And yet the universe, as it turns out,而事实明is really amenable to mapping.宇宙之图的确可能被绘制出来But you have to think big, and clever.但你必须得动脑子 运用宏观思维And thats where the balloons come in.让我们借气球一用Because the map of the universe isnt like other maps.因为宇宙之图不同于其他地图We have to think in a different way,我们得换一种方式思考we cant just go out and我们不能只是走到室外look at the universe and draw things on paper遥望宇宙 在纸上画些图案and say, ;Theres our map of the universe.;然后说 ;这就是我们的宇宙之图;The universe is so big宇宙是如此浩瀚无垠that the laws of physics say we cant see all of it.物理定律决定了我们无法看清它的全貌Its as if were at the centre of a giant balloon,就好比我们站在一个巨型气球的中心and we cant see out.无法看到外面的事物重点解释:1.used to 过去常常例句:Jack used to assist Mary in her lessons.杰克过去常常帮助玛丽学习功课。2.go out 出去例句:The fire has gone out.火已熄灭。3.turn out 结果是例句:The film turned out to be a great success.这部影片结果大获成功。201705/511302

Heavy objects can be moved in this way.重物均可以通过这种方法来移动A three-in-one haul line like this has been deployed in countless rescue situations.这种三合一的拉绳 已在无数救援场合大显身手A couple of years ago,a hiker fell into a 75-foot ravine.几年前 一名徒步旅行者坠下75英尺的峡谷With no other access,rescuers lowered an emergency stretcher无计可施的情况下 救援人员降下了一副急救担架and were able to safely haul him out using this system.用这种拉绳将他救了上来The speed with which they were able to get him out and into hospital saved his life.从出峡谷到进医院 这一系列及时的救援行动 挽救了他的生命Okay. Well, weve reached the sea.到了 我们到海边了Now its just a question of trying to get out there.现在的问题便是离开这里The ship I spotted earlier has moved on now.我刚才发现的油轮已经远去But if you hug the coastline,You may come across more signs of shipping.但只要沿着海岸线行驶 你就能邂逅更多船只Kayaking is one of those things you just want to find your rhythm,皮划艇就是这样一种运动 需要你找到适合自己的节奏get into that zone, and then you can keep going,and the time passes quickly there.驾轻就熟后 就能乘风破浪了 时间也会过得很快We used to do so much of this sort of canoeing in the military, you know,just long-distance paddling.在军队里 我们常进行这种 划船训练 那种长距离划行To be honest, I kind of forget just how hard work it is.说老实话 我有点记不清它的艰辛了Its just a grind.Getting a little bit choppier here.真是漫长的折磨 这的浪有点急了Its actually surprisingly stable, this canoe.不可思议 这小舟真是结实Thats a port over there!Were only about a mile away as well.那有个港口 差不多就剩一英里了If I can reach there, then its job done.到了那 就大功告成了This tiny country punches way above its weight.这小小的国家却拥有强大的实力Its a formidable landscape and should not be underestimated.此处令人敬畏的景致 不应被人们所低估And one things for sure I wont be able to look at a boiled egg for quite a while.可以确定的是 我在一段时间内 都不会碰煮鸡蛋了But finally I can head home to my family,and thats a welcome thought.最后 我终于能返回家中与家人团聚 这真令人振奋201705/508639

North Korea tested another missile on Wednesday. But according to U.S. military officials, it exploded seconds after being launched. 周三,朝鲜试射了另一枚导弹。但据美国军方官员称,导弹发射几秒后爆炸。North Korea has been stepping up the pace of its missile tests, raising tensions across the continent. The launch failure Wednesday highlights some recent setbacks for the countrys missile program.一直以来,朝鲜加快导弹试射的步伐,加剧整个大陆的紧张局势。周三发射失败凸显近期朝鲜导弹计划遭遇一些挫折。Earlier this month, the North successfully fired four missiles simultaneously in Japans direction. U.S. officials confirmed North Koreas plan had been for five missiles, but one failed to launch. 本月早些时候,朝鲜成功向日本方向同时发射了四枚导弹。美国官员实,朝鲜的计划是五枚导弹,但有一枚发射失败。As of Wednesday morning, officials hadnt said what kind of missile was involved in the failed launch. But if it was an intermediate-range Musudan, Wednesdays test would echo seven failures in 2016. 截至周三上午,官员们没有透露发射失败的是什么类型的导弹。如果是中程舞水端导弹,周三的测试再现2016年的七次失败。The country didnt appear to release footage of Wednesdays failed launch, which occurred during annual joint-military exercises between the U.S. and South Korea.朝鲜似乎没有公布周三失败的发射的画面,此时美国和韩国在进行年度联合军演。译文属。201703/499726

【新闻精讲】Be miserable. It’ll make you feel betterThe idea of companies employing jolly good fellows and “happiness alchemists” may be cringe-making, but is there anything else really wrong with it? Various academic studies suggest that “emotional labour” can bring significant costs. The more employees are obliged to fix their faces with a rictus smile or express joy at a customer’s choice of shoes, the more likely they are to suffer problems of burnout. And the contradiction between companies demanding more displays of contentment from workers, even as they put them on miserably short-term contracts and turn them into self-employed “partners”, is becoming more stark.企业聘用“快乐好伙伴”和“快乐炼金术士”的举动也许让人退避侧目,但除此之外是否还真有什么其他问题?各种学术研究表明,“情绪劳动”会带来显著的成本。员工越是被迫咧嘴微笑或对顾客挑选的鞋子表达愉悦赞美之情,他们就越容易感到倦怠。而且,公司一方面要求员工展现满足之情,另一方面却迫使他们签订可怜的短期合同,将其化为自雇形式的“合作伙伴”,矛盾愈加明显。Cringe n./v.使畏缩alchemist n.炼金术师be obliged to 必须做某事- oblige v.强迫做某事rictus n.咧嘴burnout n.精疲力尽contradiction n.相反miserably adv.痛苦地- Les miserables 《悲惨世界》stark adj.明显的(obvious), 完全的(obsolute)- The room was decorated with stark simplicity. But the biggest problem with the cult of happiness is that it is an unacceptable invasion of individual liberty. Many companies are aly overstepping the mark. A large American health-care provider, Ochsner Health System, introduced a rule that workers must make eye contact and smile whenever they walk within ten feet of another person in the hospital. Pret A Manger sends in mystery shoppers to visit every outlet regularly to see if they are greeted with the requisite degree of joy. Pass the test and the entire staff gets a bonus—a powerful incentive for workers to turn themselves into happiness police. Companies have a right to ask their employees to be polite when they deal with members of the public. They do not have a right to try to regulate their workers’ psychological states and turn happiness into an instrument of corporate control.但这个“快乐教派”最大的问题是对个人自由的过度侵犯。许多公司已然过火。美国大型医疗务供应商奥克斯纳医疗务系统(Ochsner Health System)规定,无论何时,员工在医院里只要与他人距离在十英尺以内,就必须与之保持眼神交流及微笑。Pret A Manger每月定期派出“神秘顾客”到每家门店,检验店员是否按要求的愉悦程度招待顾客。通过考验的话,全体员工会得到奖金——这有力地激励了员工们互相督促保持快乐。公司企业有权要求员工礼貌地向公众提供务。但它们没有权力规管员工的心理状态,也无权把快乐变为企业管理的手段。cult n. (邪教)群体invasion n.入侵- invade v.侵略individual v.个人的requisite adj.必须的incentive n.动机,刺激- a strong incentive to conserve energyinstrument n. 手段,工具201702/493075

Thornhills design is a shameless steal from the Hall of Mirrors in Versailles,桑希尔的设计无耻地剽窃了 凡尔赛宫镜厅的创意but the artistic larceny is, of course, making a point.但这起艺术剽窃 明显蕴涵深意Here, Apollo the sun god shines not on the Catholic Sun King, Louis XIV,这里 太阳神阿波罗 并未庇护天主教中的太阳之王 路易十四but on the British monarchs.但却庇佑了英国君主Over there, in France,despotism and popery.那边 在法国 是专制与天主教会Over here, thanks to William,liberty and Protestantism.而这里 由于威廉 成就了自由与新教Over there,the curses of serfdom, misery and superstition.那边 农奴制之下 是苦难与迷信Over here the blessings of navigation, trade and science. 而这里 由于海运 是贸易往来与科学But, of course,you dont go to ceiling paintings for the unvarnished truth.但是 当然 他并不会将未经粉饰的真相画在天花板上The truth was that we had been at war for almost 25 years,give or take a few intermissions.事实上我们已经在绵延的战火中 生活了近25年 期间仅有几次短暂的喘息机会And during that time,Britain had been completely transformed by the experience.而在那一时期 英国因战争而面目全非It was no longer a case of gallant little England defending the scepterd isle当时的情况不再是 勇敢弱小的英格兰在暴君的强压之下against the serried ranks of despots.挺身而出保卫王权Now, we sat at the heart of the greatest war machine in the world.现在 我们身处世界上最大的战争机器中心That machine couldnt work without the lubrication of money,而这机器没有金钱的润滑也无法正常运转so along came a national debt needed to pay for it all.接踵而来的就是巨额国债 需要人民来买单And this debt needed servicing,so enter the armies of money men 而还债需要人力持 所以无数的金融投资家就出动了accountants, tax assessors, Customs and Excise officers.会计 纳税评估员 海关人员 /201705/509130

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