明星资讯腾讯娱乐2019年07月20日 05:45:45
Forecasters not only said Donald Trump would lose last month. 预测人士不仅曾预言唐纳德.特朗普(Donald Trump)会输掉大选。They also thought markets would collapse if he won. 他们还曾以为,如果特朗普获胜,市场会崩溃。Quite the opposite has happened. 事实却正好相反。Investors expect all the good things Mr Trump promised and none of the bad. 投资者认为特朗普承诺的好事全都会发生,而坏事全都不会。Instead of global trade wars and mass deportation of immigrants, the equity markets foresee tax cuts, deregulation and big spending. 股市预想的情景里面包括减税、去监管和大规模政府出,而不包括全球贸易战和大举驱逐移民。Almost every index has hit recent highs since November 8, adding more than tn to US equity valuations and almost five per cent to the dollar’s trade-weighted value. 自11月8日以来,几乎所有股指都已达到近期高点,为美国股市增加了逾1万亿美元市值,令美元贸易加权指数上涨近5%。Global markets are gearing up for a Trump boom. 全球市场正整装待发,准备迎接一轮特朗普繁荣。In that respect Mr Trump is aly heir to Ronald Reagan.从这方面来说,特朗普已经是罗纳德.里根(Ronald Reagan)的继承人了。But the seeds to the reversal of the Trump trade are aly sown. 不过,特朗普行情发生逆转的种子已经种下。The biggest threat will come from the US Federal Reserve. 对该行情的最大威胁将来自美联储(Fed)。On Wednesday, Janet Yellen, the Fed chair, will almost certainly raise US interest rates for only the second time in a decade.美联储主席珍妮特.耶伦(Janet Yellen)周三几乎肯定会提高美国的利率,这在十年内也仅仅是第二次加息。Before Mr Trump’s victory, the Fed signalled it was likely only to increase rates three or four times before 2019. 在特朗普胜选前,美联储曾释放信号称,在2019年以前该行可能只会加息三到四次。That was because it anticipated continued fiscal retrenchment. 那是因为该行预计财政紧缩会持续下去。Mr Trump’s victory has blown that up. 然而特朗普的胜选却打破了这一预期。A unified Republican government is poised to bring about the fiscal stimulus that it has been blocking Democrats from carrying out for years.团结一致的共和党政府已准备好推出财政刺激举措——这正是多年来他们一直阻挠民主党人实施的。The effect on the US economy will be reflationary. 这会对美国经济产生通货再膨胀效应。Even if you halved Mr Trump’s plans for .7tn in tax cuts and tn in infrastructure spending, his fiscal stimulus would still be huge. 就算把特朗普的5.7万亿美元减税计划和1万亿美元基建开计划打个对折,他的财政刺激举措仍然规模庞大。Since US unemployment is aly well below five per cent, Ms Yellen will have little choice but to accelerate the Fed’s planned interest rate increases. 鉴于美国失业率已经大大低于5%,耶伦除了加快美联储原计划的加息步伐以外将别无选择。There are upsides to this. 这种局面存在有利之处。US monetary policy would return to normal far quicker than expected, which would give the Fed greater firepower to counteract the next recession. 美国货币政策回归正常的速度会远快于预期,这会为美联储应对下一轮衰退提供更多弹药。Goodbye to the new normal of zero lower bound rates. 拜拜,零利率下限的新常态。Hello to the old one where central bankers wrestle with the economy’s animal spirits.你好,央行人士用于对付美国经济动物精神的旧常态。But there are also two glaring downsides. 不过,这种局面中还存在两个引人注目的不利之处。The first is that it will set up a clash between the Fed and Mr Trump. 第一个不利之处,是它会让美联储和特朗普之间发生冲突。No president likes the central bankers who take away the punch bowl just as the party is hotting up. 没有哪位总统喜欢央行人士在聚会刚刚热闹起来时就收走宾治酒。Ms Yellen’s term comes to an end in early 2018 — barely a year away. 耶伦的任期将于2018年初结束——只剩一年多一点了。Mr Trump’s campaign promise to fire Ms Yellen is one of the bad things markets assume he has now discarded. 特朗普选举时提出的解雇耶伦的承诺,是市场假定他如今已放弃的坏事之一。At any rate, a US president does not have the power to sack a Fed chief. 无论如何,美国总统根本也无权解雇美联储主席。But Mr Trump could make life impossible for Ms Yellen. 不过,特朗普可以让耶伦的日子变得非常不好过。Who he nominates to fill the two vacancies on the Fed’s board will give a clearer idea of which direction he wants the Fed to go. 特朗普任命谁来填补美联储理事会的两个空缺,将更明确地显示出他希望美联储往哪个方向走。One of them may be Ms Yellen’s designated successor. 他们中的一个人也许会是耶伦的指定继任者。How Mr Trump responds to the Fed’s interest rate increases, via Twitter or elsewhere, will be key. 特朗普在Twitter或其他场合对美联储加息举动的表态将非常关键。It is one thing to tweet disapproval of the Fed on the campaign trail but quite another when you are sitting in the Oval Office.竞选时发布Twitter消息批评美联储是一回事,就任总统后这样做则完全是另一回事。Little weight should be attached to Mr Trump’s pledge to appoint someone more hawkish to replace Ms Yellen. 至于特朗普任命更鹰派的人物替换耶伦的承诺,不要太放在心上。Republicans have a history of decrying loose monetary policy when in opposition but embracing it when in power. 在野时谴责宽松货币政策、执政时却奉行这一政策,这是共和党人一贯的传统。The same applies to fiscal deficits. 同样的规律也适用于财政赤字问题。Dick Cheney, the former vice-president, captured this when he said Reagan proved that deficits don’t matter. 美国前副总统迪克.切尼(Dick Cheney)曾说:里根明了赤字无关紧要。这句话点中了要害。As a highly leveraged property developer, Mr Trump has often described himself as a low interest rate guy. 身为高度依赖杠杆的房地产开发商,特朗普经常称自己是喜欢低利率的那种人。He will want to be a low interest president. 他将会想要成为一位喜欢低利率的总统。If Ms Yellen upset that, Mr Trump could always revive his support for the audit the Fed legislation on Capitol Hill.如果耶伦搅局,特朗普随时可以在国会山重新持对美联储进行审计(audit the Fed)的法案。The second big downside is the effect on the US dollar. 第二个重大不利之处是对美元的影响。When you combine fiscal loosening with monetary tightening the currency will inevitably appreciate. 在宽财政的同时紧货币,美元会不可避免地升值。That will further reduce the costs of imports and raise the price of exports. 这会进一步降低进口成本,提高出口价格。The US trade deficit — including that with China, which alone stands at almost 0bn last year — will rise. 美国的贸易赤字将会上升——包括对华贸易赤字在内,去年美国仅对该国的贸易赤字就达到了近4000亿美元的水平。Mounting current account deficits are another feature of Reaganism. 不断积累的经常项目赤字是里根主义的又一特色。The big difference is that Mr Trump has vowed to reduce them. 有很大不同的地方在于,特朗普已发誓要降低贸易赤字。Reversing globalism and repatriating US manufacturing was at the core of Mr Trump’s campaign. 逆转全球化进程和让美国的制造业回流,是特朗普竞选纲领的核心。Can he afford to abandon that? How would that affect poll numbers?他有没有放弃这一核心主张的资本?这么做会如何影响民意持率?This is where the bad Trump campaign vows come back into the picture. 正是考虑到这种情况,我们现在还不能认定特朗普竞选承诺中坏的事情不会发生。The US markets are wise to bet that Mr Trump will shelve his threats of global trade wars in the short term in favour of an expansive Reaganite boom. 美国市场把筹码押在了特朗普会在短期内搁置有关全球贸易战的威胁、选择扩张性里根式繁荣上面,这是明智的。His nomination of investment bankers to the key economic roles — mostly from Goldman Sachs — has reassured Wall Street. 他任命投行人士(大多来自高盛(Goldman Sachs))担任关键经济职位,令华尔街放宽了心。The first phase of Mr Trump’s presidency will be Government Sachs as normal. 特朗普总统任期的第一阶段将是和往常一样的高盛政府(Government Sachs)。But that will change when things turn difficult.不过,当事情变得困难时,情况会发生变化。The temptation to undermine the Fed’s independence, make a scapegoat of China, revive talk of deporting immigrants and slap tariffs on Mexico will grow with the trade deficit. 随着贸易赤字的增长,削弱美联储独立性、把中国当替罪羊、重提驱逐移民以及对墨西哥征收关税的诱惑也会加大。At which point the markets will recall what it was they originally feared about Mr Trump.届时,市场会想起来,自己最初对特朗普的担忧是什么。But that is still some way off. 不过,距离出现这种局面还有一段路程。For the past 18 months Mr Trump has led an anti-elitist presidential campaign without peer. 过去18个月里,特朗普领导了一场无可匹敌的反精英主义总统竞选。Over the next few months, America’s elites can expect to receive their largest tax cut and asset-price boosting windfall in years. 今后几个月,美国精英可以预计的是,他们会迎来数年来最大幅度的减税和天降资产价格暴涨。Little wonder the markets are so giddy.难怪市场如此兴奋。 /201612/483569The Yanfang line, Beijing#39;s first driverless subway line connecting the city#39;s southwest suburbs to its central urban district started its first pilot run last Wednesday morning.上周三早上,连接西南郊区和中心市区的燕房线--北京第一条无人驾驶地铁线路--开始第一次试运行。It is also the capital city#39;s first subway line that is fully automatic, and fully equipped with domestic technology. The line is expected to officially open to citizens at the end of next year.这也是首都第一条全自动、全装备国产技术的地铁线路。该地铁线路预计将于明年年底对市民正式开放。The difference between the driverless subway line and the ordinary line is that the driverless technology allows the subway train to automatically complete all running procedures, including traveling, dormancy, awakening, opening and closing train doors, as well as returning, without any operations by drivers.无人驾驶地铁线路和普通线路的区别是,无人驾驶技术让地铁列车不需要驾驶员任何操作、自动完成所有的行驶程序,包括行驶、停车、再启动、打开和关闭车门、以及返回等。A comprehensive control center has been set up for the subway line to remotely control and supervise trains.目前已经为这条地铁线路成立了一个综合管控中心,从而远程控制和监控列车。In the event of an emergency, passengers riding on the subway trains are able to contact the control center through the wireless intercom devices installed on every carriage.在紧急情况下,乘坐地铁列车的乘客可以通过安装在每节车厢里的无线对讲设备与控制中心联系。The camera in the carriage can automatically transmit images back to the control center.车内的摄像头可以自动将图像传回控制中心。A ;black box; has been installed at the bottom of each train and it can activate emergency braking within 1.4 seconds if obstacles that might affect the running of the train have been detected.每列列车底部都安装了一个“黑匣子”,如果检测到可能影响列车运行的障碍物,可以在1.4秒内启动紧急制动。The first Chinese-made driverless subway train opened in Hong Kong on Dec, 28.中国制造的第一辆无人驾驶地铁于12月28日在香港开通。The seven-km line extends the MTR network to the Southern District, allowing the special administrative region#39;s 18 districts to be served by rail.这条7公里长的线路将地铁网络延伸到了南部地区,使得香港特区18个行政分区通过铁路连在了一起。 /201701/487968









  The Badaling section of the Great Wall will soon offer another unique attraction-the world#39;s deepest and largest high-speed railway station.八达岭长城段很快将出现又一个独特的景观--那就是世界上最深最大的高铁站。The Badaling station will be located 102 meters below the surface, with an underground construction area of 36,000 square meters, equal to five standard soccer fields, making it the deepest and largest high-speed railway station in the world.八达岭站位于地表以下102米,地下建筑面积3.6万平方米,相当于五个标准足球场的面积,这也使得其成为世界上最深最大的高速铁路车站。The underground station will have three floors, separate levels for arriving and departing passengers-similar to airports-and two escalators with vertical heights of 62 meters, the highest in the country.地铁站将建三层,分离进出站客流--这点和机场类似--有两个垂直高度62米的扶梯,为全国最高。Expected to be finished by the end of 2019, the railway is considered a vital link between the venue clusters for the 2022 Winter Olympics, which will be held in Beijing and in Zhangjiakou, Hebei province.京张高铁预计到2019年年底建成,是连接北京和河北省张家口举办的2022年冬季奥运会场地的重要环节。The railway will have 10 stations and two branch lines connecting Yanqing and Chongli, aiming to smooth the residential traffic and fuel local economic growth.这条铁路沿途将设10站,两条线连接延庆和崇礼,旨在缓解居住区交通状况及促进地方经济增长。The railway, with a designed maximum speed of 350 kilometers per hour, will shorten the commute time between the Beijing North Station and the Olympics venues in Chongli of Zhangjiakou from the current three-plus hours to around 50 minutes.该铁路设计最高时速350公里,会将北京北站到张家口崇礼奥运场馆之间的通勤时间从当前的3个多小时缩短到大约50分钟。Of the 10 stations, the Badaling Station is considered the most challenging because of the mountainous landscape, vulnerable environment and limited construction period, which requires the project to be finished within 46 months.在10座车站中,八达岭站是最具挑战性的,因为多山的景观、脆弱的环境和有限的建设周期,该站需要在46个月内完成。;It will run through mountains where the Great Wall is winding, so we adopted some of the world#39;s advanced explosion technologies to guarantee it would not affect the Great Wall,; said Luo Duhao, chief engineer of the railway group for the Badaling section.八达岭段铁路集团总工程师罗都颢表示:“由于该铁路要经过蜿蜒的长城下的群山,所以我们采用了世界上先进的防爆技术,以保不会影响到长城。” /201610/469924


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