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2019年08月21日 09:52:34

French rail strikes法国铁路罢工Unhappiness is the truth其实不快乐A rerun of Francehs bad old days tests the Socialist governments resolve法国艰难昔日的重演是社会主义政府决心的试金石The long march to work上班长征路IT WAS a deliciously French moment of exasperation. On June 16th a railway strike prompted public rage when it threatened to disrupt a national philosophy exam. On the sixth day of a rolling strike, unions at the SNCF national railway encroached on the first day of the baccalauréat school-leaving exam, a ritual that begins with a four-hour philosophy essay. As strikers downed tools and commuters battled to work, some 340,000 French teenagers were wrestling with the question “Do we live in order to be happy?”这是一个有趣的法国愤怒时刻。6月16号,当一次铁路罢工影响到了全国性的哲学考试时,它触犯了众怒。在连续罢工的第六天,法国国营铁路公司(SNCF)工会在中学毕业会考的首日开始了作乱,这一考试始于四小时的哲学论文。当罢工者停止工作,乘客奋力奔向公司时,约340,000名法国少年正在纠结:“我们活着是为了开心吗?”If Fran?ois Hollande had been sitting the exam, he would surely have answered: “Fat chance as long as there are rail unions around.” A strike originally expected to be short-lived was extended on June 18th into its ninth day, the worst industrial action since he became president in 2012. On some days, more than half of TGV fast trains have been cancelled, as well as two-thirds of certain commuter trains in the Paris region. The SNCF management called it the worst strike for 13 years.如果弗朗索瓦·奥朗德参加了那场考试的话,他绝对会答道:“只要有铁路公会存在,那就希望渺茫。”这一场原被认为会短命的罢工竟持续到了6月18号,已进行了九天,这是自奥朗德2012年当上总统以来发生的最严重的劳工行动。在某些日子里,超过一半的法国高速列车和约三分之二的巴黎通勤列车被取消了。法国国营铁路公司管理部门称之为13年来最严重的罢工。The two unions behind it, the CGT, which is close to the Communist Party, and the even harder-talking SUD, are protesting against plans to merge two rail companies: the SNCF, which runs the trains, and RFF, the highly indebted firm that manages the tracks. After months of discussion, this reform went before parliament on June 17th. Nothing in the bill changes the special status of railway workers. But the unions suspect it will lead to changes in working practices and perks once the railways are opened up to competition in 2019.幕后的两个工会,亲共党的法国总工会(CGT)和更难协商的法国干部总工会(SUD)正在抗议合并两家铁路公司的计划,这两家公司分别是运营列车的法国国营铁路公司(SNCF)和管理铁路、负债累累的法国铁路网公司(RFF)。经过数月的磋商后,这次改革于6月17号提交到了国会。法案中没有改变铁路工人特殊地位的条款,但工会怀疑一旦2019年铁路公开竞争,这将导致工作实践和津贴上的变化。This conflict is the first big union-led test for Mr Hollande. Until now, the largest protest he has faced was over the legalisation of gay marriage. In fine tradition, he has booted the problem to his new prime minister, Manuel Valls, who has sounded tough, declaring that there is “no question” of shelving the reform. They are betting partly on union divisions to undermine the strike: Laurent Berger, leader of the CFDT, a big union which backs the reform, has accused those on strike of “contempt” for bac candidates. Mr Valls also has public opinion on his side. An overwhelming 76% say they oppose the strike. With the economy at a standstill and unemployment high, there is little sympathy for public-sector rail workers. The French are well aware that they get perks such as free tickets and that most train drivers retire at 50.这次冲突是工会领导的第一次对奥朗德的大测试。直至目前,奥朗德面临过的最大抗议是关于同性婚姻立法的。按照优良传统,他将问题踢给了他的新首相曼纽尔·瓦尔斯。瓦尔斯听起来口气强硬,声明搁置改革完全“没问题”。他们将部分赌注放在了工会内部分裂、罢工渐渐停息上:持改革的法国劳工民主联合会(CFDT)领导人劳伦·柏杰指责罢工是对考生们的“蔑视”。瓦尔斯也赢得了大众舆论,多达76%的人表示他们反对罢工。在经济停滞、失业率居高不下的情况下,公共部门的铁路工人难以获取大众同情。法国人很清楚铁路工人们享受着免票等的特殊待遇,多数火车司机50岁就退休。Yet the reason this strike has hardened goes beyond railway reform. Paradoxically, it partly reflects union weakness. Grass-roots members are frustrated that industrial action has lost much of its punch. The sort of paralysing strikes once common in France have become rare. By law, public services must run a minimum service during strikes, and days of industrial action are no longer paid. Between 2005 and 2011, the number of days lost to strikes per 1,000 employees fell from 164 to 77. On the SNCF works council, support for the CGT has dropped from 44% ten years ago to 36% today. Thierry Lepaon, the CGT leader, faces intense pressure not to give up the fight.然而罢工愈演愈烈的原因已不仅仅是铁路改革了。很自相矛盾的是,这在某种程度上反映了工会的弱点。草根成员对于劳工行动丧失了重大影响力而感到沮丧。这种曾在法国常见的瘫痪式罢工已变得鲜见。按照法律,在罢工期间,公共务应提供基本的务,劳工行动期间不发放工资。在2005年到2011年间,每1000雇员中将日子用在了罢工上的天数由164天降到了77天。在SNCF劳资委员会中,CGT的持率由10年前的44%降到了今天的36%。CGT领导人蒂埃里·莱鲍面临着巨大的压力不能放弃抗争。The conflict also seems to have crystallised broader discontent with the government. Some strikers talk of anger over its new business-friendly policies and austerity plans. So do part-time theatre workers, who are protesting against benefit changes. Mr Valls can ill afford to let the chaos continue. But, billed as a bold reformer, neither can he be seen to give in to his first protest on the streets.这场冲突似乎也更广泛地具化了对政府的不满。一些罢工者愤怒声讨新的招商引资政策和紧缩计划。兼职戏剧工作者也在抗议着福利政策的变化。瓦尔斯无法承担让混乱继续的局面。但被视为大胆改革家的他也不会屈于第一次面临的街头抗议。译者:王颖 校对:张丹 译文属译生译世 /201508/391476做人流术到哪家医院最好哈尔滨The Coast Guard is investigating a leak from a 78-year-old tank barge in western Lake Erie thats believed to be the Argo.It sank in a storm in 1937.Records show it was carrying about 100,000 gallons of crude oil when it sank. No one knows yet what exactly is still on board.A dive team with the Cleveland Underwater Explorers reported a leak of an unknown substance from the barge on Friday night. The Coast Guard confirmed the leak on Saturday, and that triggered the emergency response.A dive team is on Lake Erie today to try to find the leak.Lieutenant Greg Scweitzer is with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Hes helping the Coast Guard with its response effort.;Whether or not theyre successful in identifying the leak depends on whether or not the leak is still active. If its not, itll probably be very difficult for the divers to determine where that source is.;He says the wreck is covered in zebra mussels. That makes it hard to tell if there are cracks in the hull.The Coast Guard says theres no immediate risk to human health.A trip out to the wreck siteI got a chance to visit the wreck site last week, before anyone discovered it was leaking.Now, the Coast Guard has set up a restricted zone around the wreck site. But last Thursday, when I took a ride on Tom Kowalczks shipwreck searching boat Dragonfly, the barge was not known to pose any kind of risk.Kowalczk is the guy who found the tank barge in late August. Hes retired from his career working for an automotive supplier. For the past 40 years, hes spent his weekends looking for shipwrecks.He dials up the GPS coordinates, we pull away from the marina at Lakeside, Ohio, and motor out into Lake Erie.Were about an hour away from shore when he flips on the depth finder and points out a big peak that pops up on the screen.;There it is right there – we just went over top of the wreck.;Kowalczk says the Argo was not built for the open waters of Lake Erie.;As you can tell, were rocking pretty good right now and you could imagine a tugboat pulling a fully loaded barge that only had two foot of freeboard. It was only sticking out of the water two feet and these huge, big waves crashing down on it and it didnt survive the storm,; he says.Kowalczk says he just happened upon this wreck. He was pulling a side scan sonar device that uses sound waves to map the bottom of the lake to look for a different shipwreck - a wooden sailing ship called the Lexington - and there it was, a steel oil tanker on the bottom of Lake Erie.;All of the historic records for the sinking said that it was a considerable distance, many miles, five or six miles north of where we are right now. When it showed up on the screen I was really surprised, because I wasnt expecting to see anything here,; he says.CLUE looks for shipwrecks in cooperation with the National Museum of the Great Lakes, which provides funding for the fuel costs for the long days of methodical searching out on the lake.Christopher Gillcrist is the museums executive director. He says their shipwreck budget for Lake Erie runs about ,000 to ,000 a year.;If the federal or state government hired a cultural resource management firm to go out and look for these wrecks, the cost would be tremendous. Here, were doing it with volunteers, who are not paid, to go out and look with side scan sonar. Its a great model to go out and find shipwrecks,; he says.He says the story of the Argos discovery will appear in the museums journal Inland Seas this winter.A fortuitous discoveryIt turns out the Argo was aly on a list of hazardous shipwrecks, but no one knew exactly where it was.In 2013, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration published a risk assessment of shipwrecks that could be pollution hazards.The Argo is considered the biggest pollution threat from a shipwreck in the Great Lakes.Lisa Symons is with NOAAs Office of National Marine Sanctuaries. She wrote the risk assessment.She says the barges records indicate it was carrying close to 200,000 gallons of two petroleum products: a product called benzol, and crude oil.;Our assumption is that it was half and half cargo but we have no way of knowing for sure.;She says they only modeled the pollution threat for the crude oil.;We didnt model it for the benzol because we believe the benzol probably volatilized at the time of the incident. Its a much lighter fuel and that wouldve been more likely to be able to get out of the wreck more easily,; she says.Symons says the barge had been loaded with its cargo not long before it sank. Now, everyone is wondering how much of that oil is still on the barge.First, the Coast Guard has to investigate the leak. Then, itll look into how to deal with whats still on board.201510/406256齐齐哈尔市妇幼保健医院收费标准But there are now less than 2,000 living here, and they are becoming rarer all the time.但现在只有不到2000只食火鸟了,它们的数量一直不断减少。Before European settlers arrived, much of the coast here was covered in forest.早在欧洲殖民者到达之前,澳洲许多的海岸都被森林所覆盖。And a lot of that was jungle just like this.这样的丛林到处都是。This is a vibrant ecosystem in its own right.这是一个自得其利,充满活力的生态系统。Its full of reptiles, of birds, and you can hear all around me.这里是爬行动物和鸟类的天堂,你可以听到它们。But today, things have changed significantly.但是如今,这里荣耀不再。Much of the coastline that busts the Great Barrier Reef, 80 percent of it, in fact, has been cleaned for agriculture, and much of that has been totally cleaned for sugarcane.紧靠大堡礁的大部分海岸线,事实上80%的海岸线森林被砍伐,为农业让路,有很多地方干净得只剩下甘蔗农场。 201505/373585哈尔滨医大二院看妇科好不好

哈尔滨妇女医院妇科预约五常市妇幼保健医院在那里wheres your mother? wheres your mother? My mothers right there你妈妈呢 你妈妈在哪儿呢 我妈妈就在那儿啊There she is,she is here. Hi,Ive asked every time,I know在那 她今天来了 您好 每一次我都问 我知道Please wheres your mother?shes never been here for taping请问妈妈在哪儿呢 她从来没到这里录过节目The other day I drove in,theres all sorts of police那天我正开车进来 好多的警察Theres all sorts of lines to get into the building.oh,the first lady is on her tour很多人排队准备进这栋楼 才发现原来是第一夫人来访了And I get my car scanned and unlocked here,we work here然后我刷完卡 并准备开车去我工作的地方And I looked into my rearview mirrow and theres your mother我无意中看了下后视镜 猛的发现你妈了And I went,oh,shes here for first lady,will she be here for the first nerd?you know我想着 啊 她是来看第一夫人的 那她会去看第一书呆子吗 你懂的And you are!Thank you!And she is,she loves you.I love her,she loves you.您今天还真的来了 太谢谢了 对啊 她很爱你 我也爱她 她很爱你When she hear youre gonna be here she said,cause she doesnt come all the time当她知道你要来的时候就说过了 毕竟她不是经常露脸的she does a lot but she doesnt come all the time and of course,you know the first lady来是来 不会期期都出现 比如说第一夫人来了shes gonna be here for that,she has to come,I understand,she has to她就会赏个脸过来看看 这个必须来看的 我懂 必须的your mother must be so proud of your success.How is your mom你妈妈一定为你成功感到骄傲 妈妈最近好吗shes great,shes great,she is very,she enjoys talking to people more than I do我妈挺好的 她很 她比我健谈So when they come to her and talk about the show,No! I love people.所以 当别人和她聊起我的节目时 不是那个意思 我爱大家But its just,Im shy or cantankerous,I dont know人家只是害羞或者脾气不好 我自己也不太清楚But my mother is very friendly.So she loves this new-found reason to talk to people,you know.不过我妈妈确实很友善 她总能找到一些新话题去跟别人聊天Maybe it sounds desperate,doesnt it?Idont need it like that听上去她像祥林嫂 是吧 我就不会这样No,I mean she just enjoys saying hi.and talking about her son and his work反正她就是喜欢跟人聊天 聊聊她儿子以及他的工作And working you into the conversation somehow,yes.well,they work it for her typically,you know不知不觉也把你引入对话中了 是的 你知道的 主要是别人让她聊的But she wont,she doesnt poopoo it.she likes it happen,bring it on.但是她不会 她不会去拒绝这个话题 正和她意 随便聊yeah,so when they hear the name Pasons,theyll like Oh,any relation,right away当他们说到Parsons的时候 会马上问 他还有其他兄弟吗 /201607/453542哈尔滨第二医院看病口碑Imagine choreographing thousands of people into formations to look like famous things like the Liberty Bell, or the Statue of Liberty.Sound like a stunt? Maybe a little nutty?Well, thats exactly what Arthur S. Mole and John D. Thomas did in the early 20th century.Their project photographed in Michigan at Camp Custer near Battle Creek was their most ambitious. Mole and Thomas arranged 30,000 military troops into the U.S. Shield.Intended to rally public morale during World War One, these pictures had a big impact on the American political landscape.Louis Kaplan, a Professor of History and Theory of Photography and New Media at the University of Toronto, describes how Arthur S. Mole and John D. Thomas were the first to use propaganda in the form of mass photography.Doing extra service that served to rally the country, troops would sometimes have to stand for many hours to get angling and perspective just right.Kaplan describes Mole climbing atop an 80-foot tower. He used a microphone, body language, and a long pole with a white flag attached at the end to conduct and align the troops into formation.201505/375684哈医大四院肿瘤生物治疗中心专家推荐

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