Microsoft believes in doing a lot of research because the software of today is not adequate tomorrow.It’s come a long way, such as the graphics interface, the application, and the way we deal with linguistics;it’s much better than it was a year ago. Building the Internet into the software has come a long way.Some of the more ambitious things, like teaching the computer to speak or listen or see,still require a lot of software work that’s not yet done, and so we’ve been investing in research,and building the number ofresearch locations which will be increasing in the years ahead.One advance is teaching the computer to pick up sentences and understand them,and not just think of them as a series of characters.Here we have an example where the word processor is looking at an English sentence,and suggesting that thegrammar is not correct, and showing exactly how the grammer might be fixes.That kind of thing has proven to be extremely popular,and (it’s just a step on the road to getting computers to actually understand what’s going on) in the same way that humans do.That pursuit of artificial intelligence is the most exciting thing in computer science.Although the progress in that has been fairly slow, I’m confident that that will be accelerating quite a bit.Another interesting area that I think people aren’t expecting is computer vision The actual digital cameras that allow you to have an image and scan that image are going down in cost;and software to recognize users, see what they’re looking at, what kind of gestures they’re making, that kind of software is coming along quite well. In fact I brought a short little film of a demonstration that someone from our vision group did,so let’s take a quick look at some of the progress that’s been made.That just gives you a glimpse of one area that is expected to make the personal computer really disappear into the environment and connect up in a rich way. Tomorrow’s PC will be quite different from what we have today, tomorrow’s Internet will be much better than what we have today, but it will all evolve out of this technology that we have right now.It’s clear that the reason we refer to this as the inmation age is that the capabilities available in the inmation age will let people reach out and get what they need, whether it’s business, learning, or entertainment. Microsoft feels in a very lucky position to be helping to drive these things, and key us is working with other software companies so that they can build other applications on top of the system. Every industry needs a lot of software work there, and so I talk about the software industry creatingso many great jobs in the years ahead. I think you picked a great field to be in, and we look ward to working with you.Thank you. 3657
This is the VOA Special English Education Report. A new college guide in the ed States compares educational requirements in seven subjects. These include math, science, writing and ed States history or government. The other subjects are economics, eign language and literature. The free online guide is from the American Council of Trustees and Alumni. The council is a nonprofit group that supports liberal arts education. Its president, Anne Neal, says these areas of knowledge are needed to succeed in a twenty-first century society and an increasingly connected world. Yet she told VOA's Faiza Elmasry it was surprising how many students can graduate with, in her words, a "thin education." ty-two of the one hundred colleges and universities surveyed received the lowest marks. This meant they required two or fewer of the seven subjects. Five schools received a top grade requiring six subjects. These were Brooklyn College in New York City, Texas Aamp;M, the University of Texas-Austin, West Point and the University of Arkansas.Robert Costrell is a professor of education rem and economics at the University of Arkansas. He says many, if not all, of the top American colleges once had a core curriculum -- a set of courses required all students. But over the years, many have dropped these requirements. Or they have "watered them down," Professor Costrell says, into what became known as distribution requirements. This system lets a student choose from a number of different courses to satisfy a requirement. ROBERT COSTRELL: "And in many cases these courses went too far, I would say, towards the fluffy treatment of serious material, and students could satisfy their requirement by taking such courses."Professor Costrell says schools should not only re-examine what they teach. They should also measure what students have learned -- example, through some m of examinations or papers. A new report this week from the College Board showed that college prices continue to rise. But Anne Neal from the American Council of Trustees and Alumni says higher prices do not guarantee a better general education. In fact, the group found that the higher the tuition, the more likely that students have to develop their own general education. The college guide is on the Web at whatwilltheylearn.com. Anne Neal says her group is surveying more colleges. The hope, she says, is to discover what college graduates have really learned, and how y they are to compete in the global marketplace.And that's the VOA Special English Education Report. I'm Steve Ember. 688
When Day Is Done当时光已逝泰戈尔If the day is done,假如时光已逝，If birds sing no more.鸟儿不再歌唱，If the wind has fiagged tired,风儿也吹倦了，Then draw the veil of darkness thick upon me,那就用黑暗的厚幕把我盖上，Even as thou hast wrapt the earth with The coverlet of sleep and tenderly closed,如同黄昏时节你用睡眠的衾被裹住大地，The petals of the drooping lotus at dusk.又轻轻合上睡莲的花瓣From the traverer,路途未完，行囊已空,Whose sack of provisions is empty bee the voyage is ended,衣裳破裂污损，人已精疲力竭Whose garment is torn and dust-laden,你驱散了旅客的羞愧和困窘，Whose strength is exhausted, remove shame and poverty,使他在你仁慈的夜幕下，And renew his life like a flower under如花朵般焕发生机The cover of thy kindly night.在你慈爱的夜幕下苏醒收听更多双语节目,请关注微信公众号;奇喵课堂; 89Brenda: It’s fun shopping a new cell phone, don’t you think? Yoji: Sure, but I just need one with the bare basics. Brenda: Not me. I want one that’s top- of-the-line. My old phone was cheap and flimsy, and it started acting up after only a few months. Yoji: I want something that’s good quality, but I don’t think I should have to pay top dollar it, especially since I don’t need the bells and whistles. Brenda: The bells and whistles are the best part! Yoji: I like this one. It seems sturdy and it should last me years. Brenda: That is one ugly phone! Yoji: I don’t care about its looks. I just want something functional and that won’t fall apart. Brenda: I’m not arguing style over substance, but that phone is hideous. Yoji: I’ll get over it. Brenda: Yes, but I’m not sure I will! 词汇解释：1. bare basics 只有基本功能的. top- of-the-line 上品;极品3. cheap a. 便宜的. flimsy 脆弱的;易损坏的;轻薄的5. acting up 出毛病6. quality n. 质量，品质7. top dollar 最高的可能价格8. bells and whistles DVD播放器和超宽屏幕等额外的功能9. sturdy a.结实耐用. looks n. 外观. functional a. 功能的. fall apart 崩溃，散架. hideous a. 讨厌的，丑恶的. get over it 克它 5655
As a boy Id have been in dead trouble if Id ever used the name of Jesus as a swear word at home. Blasphemy just wasnt tolerated, even though my parents were non-believers. The boundaries between acceptable and unacceptable language are shifting all the time. John Terry, instance, has just been acquitted in court of racial abuse. But when I started out as a court reporter many years ago, the mere uttering of a very rude word would have been enough to get you arrested, without racial connotations.作为一个男孩，如果我要是用耶稣的名字来骂脏话的话，我会陷入很大的麻烦中尽管我的父母不是信徒，亵渎神明是完全不被容许的可接受的语言和不可接受的语言之间的界限一直在变 例如，约翰?特里刚刚在种族歧视法庭被无罪释放但我很多年前开始做法院书记官时，仅仅说一个粗鲁的词，即使没有种族上的隐含意义，也足以让你被逮捕I remember how the alleged word could never be said out loud, and had to be ceremoniously written down by the witness, usually a police officer. The paper was then folded and handed to the magistrate, who carefully unfolded it and duly looked shocked, all in disapproving silence. The most offensive swear words used to be religious rather than sexual. They contravene the Commandment ;Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain,; which was seen as blasphemy. That was so serious, in fact, that a whole coded language was developed so that people could go on swearing and yet stay away from the stocks, or the gallows, where open blasphemy mightve put them.我记得，当时词都不能大声说出来，必须由人（通常是一名警察）正式地写下来然后文件会被折叠起来，交给地方法官法官会小心的打开文件，然后随即会被他所看到的震惊这一切都是在一种不赞成的寂静中进行的 最无礼的脏话通常与宗教有关，而不是与性有关它们违反了 “你不可徒然地采用耶和华的名字”的戒律，因为这会被看作是亵渎神灵实际上，这后果太严重了，以至于人们发展处了一套暗语它可以使人们能够继续骂脏话，而同时又可以远离手脚枷或是绞刑架，而如果公开亵渎神灵的话，就会是这样的下场This is technically known as the process of ;mincing;, as in the phrase ;mincing your words;. It disguises the word origins just enough to keep the swearer clear of the law. Swearing offers us a brief glimpse of the religious history of our country. Bee the th century Protestant Remation, ordinary people would commonly have referred to the Blessed Virgin Mary as ;Our Lady;, as Roman Catholics still do. Hence the oath ;By Our Lady;, which was minced into the swearword ;bloody;, has to be at least 500 years old. Another familiar swearword refers to the Albigensian heresy in the th century. Other examples of minced oaths include the now harmless ;cripes; or ;crikey;, which were disguised ms of the word ;Christ;. ;Blimey; originally meant ;God Blind Me!; which was a way of invoking divine punishment if Im not telling the truth, so youd better believe me. A few religious swearwords are still on the banned list, so Im not going to tell you what they are. Others have dropped out altogether. Outsidecomic books, nobody says ;Zounds!; any more, which was a minced version of ;By God Wounds;, a reference to the Crucifixion and clearly of Mediaeval origin.这在技术上被称作“mincing（矫饰）”，如在短语“mincing your words（说话不要拐弯抹角）”中的意思一样它伪饰单词的起源，使得脏话能够不受法律的限制 脏话可以让我们简要地了解我们国家的宗教历史在世纪宗教改革之前，普通人通常会称圣母玛利亚为“Our Lady（圣母玛利亚）”，而罗马的天主教徒如今仍这么做，誓言“By Our Lady（圣母作）”，后来被委婉地改成了脏话“bloody（该死的）”所以这个脏话至少有500年的历史了另一个熟悉的脏话是指世纪的阿尔比派异教的还有一些被矫饰过的脏话的例子，如现在已经无害的“cripes（天啊）”或“crikey（哎呀）”，这两个词都由“Christ（基督）”伪装而来“Blimey（啊呀）”原来是指“God Blind Me！（上帝使我盲目）”，是用来表达“如果我没说实话的话，就让上帝惩罚我，所以你最好相信我！”的一种方式 有些与宗教有关的脏话如今仍然是禁止说的，所以我不会告诉你们它们是什么其它一些脏话已经过时除了漫画书，没人再说“Zounds!（咄）”这是“By God Wounds（上帝的伤口）”的委婉版，意指上帝在十字架受难，很明显是起源于中世纪Just as churches are such a familiar part of our visible local landscape you hardly notice they are there, so profane oaths and swearwords are part of our everyday verbal landscape, and again we hardly notice them. But the fact that we still know theyre not polite, to say the least, means we havent completely lost track of where they came from.正如教堂是我们当地风景中熟悉的一部分，所以我们很难注意到它们的存在一样，亵渎神灵的一些诅咒和脏话也是我们日常口语中的一部分，所以我们很难注意到它们但事实上，我们仍然知道它们是不礼貌的这至少意味着我们还没有完全忘记它们的起源 567
I have been suffering from back pain years. I’ve tried several treatments prescribed by my doctor, but nothing has had a lasting effect. I finally decided to try alternative medicine. My friend, Amelia, swore by acupuncture. She said that her knee pain went away after only a few weeks of therapy. She was skeptical when she first started, but she knew after only a few sessions that it was working her and that this was no New Age nonsense. She thought it might work me, too. My co-worker, Ray, suggested that I try some homeopathic treatments. He said that taking herbal supplements that are all natural has helped him recover after getting injured on the job a couple of months ago. He took these as complementary to the traditional medication his doctor gave him. He said that even though the herbs he takes haven’t undergone clinical trials, his own experience told him that they work. I’m a little nervous about trying these unorthodox treatments, but after hearing about Amelia’s and Ray’s experiences, I’m willing to give them a try. Nothing has worked so far, so what do I have to lose?
Day 68 第68天A Psalm of Life 人生礼颂Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 亨利·沃兹沃斯·朗费罗Tell me not in mournful numbers, 请别用哀伤的诗句对我讲;Life is but an empty dream! 人生呵，无非是虚梦一场! the soul is dead that slumbers, 因为沉睡的灵魂如死一般，And things are not what they seem. 事物的表里并不一样Life is real! Life is earnest! 人生是实在的!人生是热烈的!And the grave is not its goal; 人生的目标决不是坟墓;Dust thou art, to dust returnest, 你是尘土，应归于尘土Was not spoken of the soul. 此话指的并不是我们的精神Not enjoyment, and not sorrow, 我们的归宿并不是快乐，Is our destined and our way; 也不是悲伤，But to act, 实干That each to-morrow.Find us farther than to-day. 才是我们的道路，每天不断前进，蒸蒸蒸日上Art is long, and time is fleeting. 光阴易逝，而艺海无涯，And our hearts, though stout and brave. 我们的心哪——虽然勇敢坚强，Still, like muffled drums, are beating 却像被布蒙住的铜鼓，Funeral marches to the grave. 常把殡葬的哀乐擂响In the world broad field of battle, 在这人生的宿营地，In the bivouac of Life, 在这辽阔的世界战场，Be not like dumb, driven cattle! 别做无言的牲畜任人驱赶，Be a hero in the strife! 做一名英雄汉立马横!Trust no future. howeer pleasant! 别相信未来，哪怕未来多么欢乐!Let the dead Past bury its dead! 让死去的往昔将死亡一切埋葬!Act, act in the living Present! 上帝在上，我们胸怀勇气，Heart within, and God o’erhead!行动吧——趁现在活着的好 时光！Lives of great men all remind us We can make our lives sublime,伟人的生平使我们想起，我们能使自己的一生变得高尚！And,departing，leave behind us Footprints on the sands of time;当我们辞别人间，能把足迹留在时间的流沙上，Footprints, that perhaps another,Sailing o’er life’s solemn main,也许有个遭了船灾的苦难弟兄，A lorn and shipwrecked brother，他曾在庄严的人生大海中飘航，Seeing，shall take heart again.见到我们的脚印，又会满怀信心Let us, then, be up and doing, 让我们起来干吧，With a heart any fates; 下定决心，不管遭遇怎样;Still achieving, still pursuing 不断胜利，不断追求，Learn to labour and to wait. 要学会苦干和耐心等待 8353。
Hotel clerk: Here’s the bill your four- night stay. Would you like the incidentals charged to your credit card? May: Incidentals? I think there’s some mistake. I didn’t order any pay-per-view movies and I never ordered room service. And, I didn’t have any spa services, either. Hotel clerk: Are you sure? We show three movies and two room service orders. May: I’m positive. Could I speak to a supervisor, please? Hotel clerk: He’s not on duty right now, but let me see if I can resolve this you. How many of these charges were made in error? May: All of the them. Is it possible that my bill was switched with another room’s? As I said, I didn’t order any movies, I haven’t had any room service, and I haven’t visited the spa since I checked in to the hotel. Hotel clerk: I see. I’ll need to check with each of those departments to determine whether a mistake has been made. May: How long will this take? Hotel clerk: Not long, I’m sure. If you could take a seat in the lobby... May: I have a plane to catch and I don’t have a lot of time. Is there a general manager I can speak to? Hotel clerk: I’m not sure. If you’ll have a seat, I’ll see if I can get Ms. Cardenes you. May: Thank you. I’d appreciate it. 31
来源于eslpod.com参考使用指南:一、怎么听？ 1.只听不看 不看文本，不看Learning Guide，只凭自己的一双耳朵听但要仔细听，多听几遍，主要用于强化发音、口语和思维方式（建议能听懂全文者使用此方法） .一边看文本，一边听Jeff讲解，听完看Learning Guide对于生词记忆效果强，印象深耗时较长（建议不懂文中部分生词或表达方式的人使用此方法） 二、听多少？ 你可以跟着Jeff的进度每次都听最新的一集，也可以把之前的Podcast全部下载下来泛听自己能够记住就可以 为什么要听ESLPod:首先，ESLPod绝对不是初级英语 ESLPod虽然听起来都是比较简单的对话，但是里面有很多idioms和我们在学校学不到的习惯用语，就算你知道每个单词是什么意思，但组合起来的你可能就不知道了比如，你会说chat而不会说shoot the breeze，你可能会说challenge the current situation而不会说challenge the status quo，没钱的时候你会不会poor-mouth？和新女友逛街时，you met your old flame out of the blue，新女友问你：“Are the two of you still an item?”你能马上beat around the bush吗？我相信你很少能说出这么地道的话其次，ESLPod的语速绝对不是让你睡觉用的，而是让你练口语用的 ESLPod的语速慢，但能够让你注意每个句子说出来到底是个什么调调，让你清楚每个词究竟怎么发音，让你有足够的时间来纠正自己的口型，还有最重要的一点，就是让你熟悉这个句子到底怎么说有的同学可以把英语说得很快，blah blah 秒念完500字，但听起来就是没有味道；有的同学看着书说得很好，甚至你是B听力高手，但是自己平时连个整段的话都说不明白，说出来的总是chinglish，或者说句话要想半天要用什么时态，加不加s，……怎么办呢？跟着Jeff一起说，Jeff在前半段解释时的速度足以让你同步跟读只有把慢速说好说流利，你才可能越说越快当你能闭着眼说得和最后正常语速一样快时，你就快出师了 第三，ESLPod能够训练你的英语思考能力 听ESLPod，不会像上课那样老师说句英语，然后告诉你汉语什么意思而是用英语解释英语，好处是什么呢？你可以用英语的思维来记忆这句话，你可以更好地理解它为什么要这么说；而当你忘了你想用的那种表达方式怎么说时，你可以很轻松地换一种说法来表达这样你在说话时可以使“想法——中文句子——英文句子——说出来”直接变为“想法——英文句子——说出来”，让你在辩论（吵架）、演讲、谈判、调侃时收缩自如，而不是憋得满脸通红却只能像木头一样呆在那里什么也说不出来 95