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5.Check Your Baggage at the Door5.出门前整理好你的思绪A first date is a time for starting anew. That means that you should check your baggage at the door and avoid talking about your past relationships. Everyone has a past that is filled with regret, heartache, anger, and plenty of ;what-ifs;. However, there is a reason that you are on a date with someone new, and unless you want to repeat your old patterns, you need to start with a clean slate.第一次约会是一个全新的开始。那意味着你应该在家里就理清头绪,避免谈论你过去的恋爱经历。每一个人都有着遗憾、心痛、愤怒以及大量;假设;的过去。然而,总有一个原因让你愿意和某个人开始约会,除非你想重复过去,否则你就需要从一张白纸开始。Don#39;t go into your date harboring assumptions based on past relationships. In your past, you may have dated needy people, or controlling people, or people who refuse to grow up, or people who run from commitment. It#39;s important to understand that these characteristics are not indicative of the opposite sex as a whole. If you are harboring any pre-conceived notions of the opposite sex then try your best to let them go. Greet the person sitting across from you at your first date with open eyes, open ears and an open heart. Don#39;t let your pre-conceived notions sabotage what could potentially be a great relationship. Most importantly, when on a first date, do not spend time talking about your ex. We repeat: do not talk about your ex. There is no quicker way to derail a date than by talking about your past relationships. Particularly if you are still hung up on certain aspects of that relationship, you will begin over-sharing before you know it. Your date may begin to see you as bitter and filled with resentment, neither of which are endearing qualities in a person. Worse yet, your date may believe that you are still in love with your ex and be left wondering why you came on a date with them in the first place.不要因为你曾经失败的恋情而对新的恋情产生怀疑并提出诸多假设。曾经的你,也许和贫困的人、控制欲强的人、拒绝长大的人或者是逃避承诺的人约会过。重要的是你要知道,那些性格特点并不能代表所有的异性。如果因过去的恋情而在内心对新人有诸多想法,劝你还是尽早摆脱这些不靠谱的预想。初次约会,敞开心扉,与对方真诚交流。不要让你预想的假设破坏了一段有可能开花结果的恋情。最重要的一点,切记首次约会不要花时间谈论你的前任。没有一种方式能比谈论你的前任更快地毁掉一次约会的了。特别是那段恋爱中的某些星星点点仍让你留恋,你将会在你意识到之前,就开始过度地分享那些过去。你的约会对象也许会看出你那充满苦涩与怨恨的表情,这些特质也不会得到他们的青睐。更糟的是,你的约会对象还可能会相信你仍爱着你的前任,开始不解你为何与他们拥有第一次约会。4.Save the Future Talk for the Future4.未来的事情未来再谈While we don#39;t condone reliving you past on a first date, we also strongly advise against planning for your future! Dates should be light and fun, and a first date is definitely not the time to start talking about your future together. Even if deep down both of you actually want the same thing out of a relationship, by stating those intentions too early you will only scare the other person off. It#39;s great if you want to find a soulmate, but don#39;t assume that the person sitting next to you is necessarily him or her just because you happen to have the same taste in music or like the same movies. You need to spend time getting to know each other to understand if you#39;re well-suited to build a life together, and that doesn#39;t magically happen overnight. Take the time to get to know each other slowly, and save the serious stuff for later dates.如果你第一次约会还在重温过去,这是无法原谅的。小编同样也强烈建议不要在第一次约会时就大谈未来的规划。约会应该是轻松愉悦的,第一次约会就开始畅想你们的未来绝对不合时宜。即使在恋爱以外,你们内心深处渴望的东西非常契合,但是过早表露意图只会吓跑对方。想找到一位灵魂伴侣确实是很棒的想法,但是不要仅仅因为你们恰好在音乐或者电影上志趣相投,就以为坐在你旁边的人一定会成为未来的那个他/她。你需要花点时间了解对方,看看对方是否是适合共度一生的另一半,这个过程不可能在一个约会的夜晚就奇迹般完成。所以慢慢地深入了解彼此,那些严肃的事情就留到日后的约会中讨论吧。It#39;s perfectly fine to know that you want to have a large family someday, but don#39;t ask your first date how many children they want to have. As the old saying goes, ;Don#39;t count your chickens before they hatch.; Speaking of chickens, ladies, don#39;t ever mention your eggs on a first date. The absolute quickest way to scare off a man on a first date is by telling him that your biological clock is ticking or that your eggs aren#39;t getting any younger. Please, leave the baby talk out of the conversation. On your first date, do your best to stay present in the moment and focus on the now. If there is a mutual connection between the two of you, then your relationship will progress naturally and you#39;ll know when the right time is to discuss your possible future together. Trust us, the first date is too early to have this discussion.当然,你日后想组建一个大家庭的想法,这完全ok。但是不要在第一次约会就打听对方想要几个孩子。古谚有云,;鸡蛋未孵出,先别数小鸡;(别高兴太早了)。说到小鸡,女士们,千万不要在第一次约会就提到卵子。在第一次约会就吓跑男人的最快的方法绝对是告诉他,你的生物钟正滴答滴答地走过或者你的卵子已经不再年轻。拜托,先别讨论宝宝的事情了。第一次约会尽量活在当下、着眼于现在吧!如果你们双方已经来电,那你们的关系就会自然地进展、升华,你也会知道何时讨论你们的未来是最合适的。相信小编,第一次约会就谈论这个话题,为时过早。3.Hide your Vices (and Devices)3.藏起你的坏习惯There are certain things that you should avoid on a first date. First off, avoid drinking too much. If you have a penchant for tequila, avoid the margaritas before you end up tossing back too many. Stick to one or two drinks for the night, because nobody wants to be on a date with a sloppy drunk. A couple of drinks to help you to relax and socialize is okay, but don#39;t drink so much that your inhibitions are lowered.第一次约会时有些事情应该要避免。首先,不要过度饮酒。如果你爱喝龙舌兰,那就不要喝玛格丽塔鸡尾酒,不然你最后会醉到摇摇晃晃、步履蹒跚。一个晚上应只喝一种或者两种酒,因为没人想和一个衣衫不整的醉汉约会。少许饮酒可以帮助你身心放松、善于社交,但是饮酒量不可以大到突破你的下限。If smoking is a vice, try to curb the habit for the duration of the date. If you must smoke, go to a far-away outdoor location so that you don#39;t make your date uncomfortable, and be sure to have gum or mints on hand. If your vice is constantly checking your e-mail or social media accounts, then be sure to leave your phone in the car. It is extremely rude to be constantly checking your phone on a first date. It makes you distracted and leaves your date feeling unimportant. Even if you#39;re just trying to text your friend to tell them how well the date is going, save it for when you get home. While on a date, you should focus all of your attention on your companion. Keep your phone in your purse or in your pocket, and if the temptation is still too much, keep it at home or in the car.如果抽烟也是一种坏习惯,努力在约会的时候克制自己。必须抽的话,可以去较远的户外,这样你才不会使约会对象感到不舒。并且务必随身携带口香糖或薄荷。如果你的坏毛病是不断查邮箱或者刷微微信什么的,务必将手机留在车里。第一次约会就不断刷手机是极度不礼貌的行为。因为你会分心,约会对象会觉得自己没有受到重视。即使其实你只是想发短信给朋友告诉他们约会一切顺利,也留到回家以后再汇报吧!在约会的时候,你应该将注意力集中在约会对象身上。将手机留在钱包或者口袋里,刷手机的欲望太强的话,就留家里或者车里吧。2.Be Your Best Self2.做最好的自己The most important tip for any first date is to be yourself. Authenticity is the most important thing you can offer if you want to truly allow someone to get to know you. How else will you know if you are a good match with someone unless you are truthful and genuine about who you are?初次约会,最重要的莫过于做好自己,因为让别人了解你的最佳方式就是展现你的真诚。想知道你跟对方是否郎才女貌,除却展现真诚与坦率该是别无他法了吧?While it#39;s important to be yourself on a first date, you should strive to be the best version of yourself. Humans are complex and we experience many different emotions at the same time. It#39;s up to you on a first date to put your best foot forward and let your positive emotions shine through. Dates are meant to be fun, spontaneous and playful. They are not meant to be filled with drama and complaints, so regardless of how bad your day or week has been, don#39;t let it show. Don#39;t arrive at a date worried, tired, serious, sad or apathetic. Instead, find your inner happiness and peacefulness and exude confidence. Be your most charming self, and your date will look forward to spending more time with you.第一次约会相当重要,你更应该努力呈现自己最好的一面。人类思想复杂,在同一时间,我们的情绪可能就有明显的波动。用积极乐观的情绪去营造一个良好的氛围,让初次约会成为一段美好感情的开端。约会应该在愉快、自然而轻松的氛围中度过,而不是充满曲折和抱怨的过程,所以无论你在那一天或那一周里过得有多么糟糕,千万别把情绪带到约会中去。去约会吧,将忧虑、疲惫、悲伤、冷漠和一脸的严肃屏蔽掉,寻觅你内心的幸福与安宁,捎带上满脸的自信。如果你成功呈现了最迷人的自己,你的约会对象自然会期盼与你共度更多美好的时光。1.Make Concrete Plans for a Second Date1.认真筹划再次约会Assuming you#39;ve followed the tips laid out above and have enjoyed each other#39;s time together, then you will likely be on track to set up a second date. Don#39;t let an innate fear of rejection stop you from asking for a second date. Don#39;t beat around the bush and try to fish out a response before you actually ask the question. Dropping subtle hints is the least effective way to show someone that you like them. This isn#39;t the fifth grade anymore, and playing hard to get is no longer cute. When asking for a second date, be direct. People have been shown to be more responsive to direct questions, so instead of making tentative plans, say something like, ;I#39;ve had a really great time with you. Can I take you out again on Friday?; This directness works equally well for women as it does for men, as you can about in this study at ScienceDirect.如果你遵循了前面的指南,两个人也享受彼此在一起的时光,那么你该为再次约会做好计划了。你可千万别让担心被拒绝的恐惧成为你提出第二次约会邀请的阻碍,而且不要拐弯抹角,也别试图去猜测她对邀请可能做出的回应。你可不是五年级学生,再没有比微妙的暗示更糟糕的表白了,欲擒故纵的方式从来都不可爱,尝试直截了当地邀请她再次约会吧。《Science Direct》的研究表明无论男女都更愿意回应直截了当的问题而不是试探性的计划。你应该这么跟她说:春风十里不如她,周五我们再約吗?审校:晃晃 编辑:旭旭 来源:前十网 /201601/424455War is hell. But for a few opportunistic and enterprising visionaries, it can also be a springboard to business success. Two of the biggest, bloodiest global conflicts in human history did more than rewrite maps and change the balance of international power — they provided the world with some of its most successful brands ever.战争即地狱。但是对于那些投机取巧,有魄力有远见的人来说,战争也能有助于事业的成功。两次人类历史上最大、流血最多的世界大战不仅仅是重新划分世界版图,改变国际力量平衡,也给世界带来了一些古往今来最成功的品牌。10.Instant Noodles10.方便面The journey of this inventor and businessman goes through not one, but two World War II occupations, and even into space. Born in Taiwan in 1910, Momofuku Ando was expatriated to Japan during their occupation of his island home. After the war in the Pacific came to a conclusion, Ando found himself under occupation by American troops and battling hunger alongside the newly-defeated Japanese.发明方便面的是个商人,同时也是个发明家。第二次世界大战期间,他曾两次被投入监狱。之后他发明的方便面成为了太空食品。1910年安藤百福出生于台湾,日本侵占台湾期间,他移居日本。太平洋战争结束后,安藤发现自己也处在美军的统治之下,和刚刚战败的日本人一样,都在同饥饿做斗争。It took Ando several years before his idea for cheap noodles went into mass-production, but after several attempts he finally found a formula that worked. College students in need of cheap sustenance can thank the endless food lines, desperation, and lack of surviving infrastructure in the wasted cities of Japan for giving Momofuku the inspiration and drive to develop his signature Cup of Noodles.安藤花费了数年的时间才使廉价面条按照他计划的那样,进入大量生产,但是在多次试验后,他才终于找到一个有效的方法。那些在被遗弃的日本城市中,缺乏基本生存必需品的大学生们,应该感谢当时永无止境的饥饿,感谢那时深不见底的绝望,还有保障人们生存的基础设施的匮乏——是这些鼓舞着安藤百福发明了杯面。9.McDonald#39;s French Fries9.麦当劳薯条Graduating from pigs to potatoes, high school dropout J.R. Simplot developed the first ever freeze-dried potatoes and vegetables for the U.S. Army, right when international logistics threatened to derail Allied efforts in Europe. The longer shelf-life and easy reconstitution of Simplot#39;s frozen veggies helped ensure troops overseas could be kept stocked with the food they needed to fuel their march through Europe.从“养猪大户”到“土豆大王”,高中辍学的辛普劳首次为美国军队发明了冻干的土豆和蔬菜,此时正值国际后勤威胁要减少供应,打乱同盟国在欧洲的计划。辛普劳的冻蔬菜保存时间长且食用方便,为海上军队的必需食物供应提供了保障,确保他们在穿越欧洲的行军途中有足够的食粮。When the end of the war dried up demand from his biggest customer, Simplot signed a contract with one Ray Kroc to provide frozen French fries. Fast-forward some 50 years, and Simplot#39;s potato empire has permanently forced the association of “Idaho” and “potato” by providing McDonald#39;s with more than 50% of its French fries worldwide.随着战争的结束,最大的消费者对辛普劳冷冻食品的需求量几近枯竭,辛普劳于是和雷·克拉克签署了一份合同,向后者提供冷冻薯条。经过50年的快速发展,由于麦当劳公司超过50%的薯条都是由辛普劳公司提供,后者的土豆帝国使“爱达荷州”和“土豆”长久地联系在了一起。8.Chemical Fertilizers8.化肥Back before the abundance of cheap food drove the world#39;s population to unsustainable levels, agriculture was limited by the amount of nitrogen found in soil. While scientists had aly discovered the link between nitrogen levels and crop yields, the fertilizer industry didn#39;t really explode until it literally started making explosives. Starting in World War I, the chemical research of Fritz Haber allowed the German army to douse its enemies in deadly chlorine. In World War II the Allied Powers took the Haber Process further by manufacturing copious amounts of munitions through nitrogen synthesis. At the end of the war, these industrial-scale efforts were re-purposed to produce chemical fertilizers.在大量廉价食品使世界人口增长到无法控制的境地之前,农业的发展一直都受到土地氮容量的限制。尽管科学家们早已发现氮元素与作物产量间的联系,但直到化学元素被用于制作炸药,化肥工业才真正开始蓬勃发展。第一次世界大战期间,化学家弗里茨·哈勃曾把德军的俘虏浸入具有致命毒性的氯水里来做研究。第二次世界大战时期,同盟国开始通过氮合成法大批量制造武器弹药。世界大战结束后,战时军工业性质的研究成果则被用来生产化肥。7.Tampons7.卫生巾The world#39;s favorite feminine hygiene brand didn#39;t start as a sponge for ambiguous blue water. The haphazard medical conditions of World War I did more to kill troops than the actual fighting. To improve the situation, manufacturing company Kimberly-Clark developed a lightweight, highly absorbent gauze known as Cellucotton to help American soldiers injured in combat.世界上最受喜爱的女性健康护理品牌并不是从一个用于吸收不明蓝色液体的海绵开始的。一战时期,死于医疗条件落后的人比实际战死的人要多得多。为了改善这种状况,金百利公司发明了一种轻便并具有超强吸收力的纤维棉,供那些在战争中受伤的士兵使用。In the post-war years, leftover Cellucotton bandages were re-purposed by menstruating Red Cross nurses. Kimberly-Clark took note, and after a little tinkering produced their first sanitary napkin expressly for women#39;s health. The Kotex model was replicated by Tampax in the midst of World War II, and over the following decades they refined their bandages-turned-pads into the cotton tubes we now know as tampons.战后,剩余的纤维棉被当时红十字会正值经期的护士们重新利用起来。对这种纤维棉稍做改进后,金伯利公司最终推出首个用于维护女性健康的卫生巾。之后出现的高洁丝卫生巾的模型就是复制了二战中期出现的丹碧丝卫生棉条的产品,经过之后几十年的不断改进,女性的月经带最终演变成了如今的卫生棉条。6.Teflon6.特氟龙During World War II, Allied scientists were tasked with keeping military weaponry one step ahead of the fascists. The Manhattan Project commenced with the goal of making the biggest boom since the start of the universe. Teflon, accidentally discovered in 1938 by Roy J. Plunkett, came under intense demand almost immediately when it was found to withstand the volatile ingredients of the first atomic bombs. After the Project culminated with the destruction of two Japanese cities, Teflon would be repurposed most famously as a non-stick coating in pots and pans, as well as a stain-resistant coating for clothing.二战期间,同盟国的科学家们承载着发明比法西斯分子更先进的军用武器的使命。曼哈顿计划着眼于制造出宇宙有史以来最大的原子弹。1938年,罗伊·普朗克特偶然发明了特氟龙,自从被发现可以抵抗第一颗原子弹中的挥发性成分,市面上对特氟龙的需求几乎是瞬间暴涨。毁灭了两个日本城市后,曼哈顿计划圆满完成。特氟龙也被改良为广泛应用于厨具中的不粘涂层,还有抗污渍的衣面料。审校:梅子九 编辑:旭旭 来源:前十网 /201602/426759

For jealous partners it could be the ultimate app -allowing you to see everything your partner does on their phone.对那些爱吃醋的“连体婴”来说,这款应用可谓是终极神器了——它能让你对恋人手机上的任何操作一清二楚。The mCouple app shows text messages, contacts, call history, and Facebook messages in real time.这款名为mCouple的应用能实时告诉你他手机上的短信,联系人,通话记录和脸书网信息。It can even show you the GPS co-ordinates of the phone, allowing you to see exactly where your partner is at all times.它甚至能告诉你恋人手机所处位置的GPS定位,让你随时知道你的恋人身在何处。One users claims the app worked on his girlfriend#39;s phone.一名用户在女友的手机上装了这款应用,称其十分好用。It really works. Thanks to this app, I am single right now because I caught my ex girlfriend cheating, #39; he said. #39;By the way she was the one who told me to download this one.#39;“这款应用的确很好用。多亏了它,我现在恢复了单身,因为我发现我的前女友劈腿。”他说。“顺便说,正是我的前女友让我下载这个应用的。”The free app creates an ID for each user. Users can share IDs and start “mutually tracking” each other#39;s devices.这款应用会为每个用户创立一个账号。不同的用户可以查询对方的账号,然后开始“相互跟踪”对方的手机。Users can then track this information from anywhere by signing into an online account and viewing it all on a dashboard. The dashboard produces charts that show which apps have been used and how often, while the person#39;s location is plotted on to a map.无论身在何处,用户们都可以通过这款应用查询相关讯息,只需要登录一个网络账号,然后信息就会显示在仪表板上。在仪表板上会有一个表格,显示手机使用过的应用名称和使用频率。还会显示一个地图,告诉你手机使用者现在的位置。 /201512/418486

  

  Red wine is bad for your health, experts reveal in a new report.相关专家发布的最新报告显示,红酒有害健康。In a u-turn, Government experts have dismissed the supposed health benefits of wine and are set to rewrite the rule book on the nation#39;s alcohol consumption, according to reports.报道引述英国政府内部专家的话称,红酒并不像大家此前认为的那样对健康有益,事实情况恰恰相反。这些专家正打算修订英国有关酒精摄入量的指导标准。A landmark report by Chief Medical Officer Dame Sally Davies will destroy the long-held belief that red wine can cut the risk of cancer, heart disease and memory loss when drunk in moderation, the Sun reported.据英国《太阳报》报道,这份必将影响深远的报告源自首席医疗官莎莉·戴维斯女爵。该报告将彻底推翻人们长期以来秉持的一个观念——适度饮红酒可降低患上癌症、心脏病和失忆症的风险。In the first overhaul of alcohol guidelines for two decades, doctors will reportedly warn that there is no ;safe; level of alcohol consumption and drinking just a small amount may in fact increase the risk of some cancers.这将是二十年来饮酒指南的首次大逆转。报道称,医生将在新的饮酒指南中告诫民众:没有所谓的饮酒量“安全线”,小酌也可能增加患上某些癌症的风险。A source said: ;The report will send a clear signal that the dangers of drinking are far more than previously thought.;一名消息人士称,该报告将释放一个明确的信号:饮酒危害远远超过人们此前的想象。The review was launched in 2012 and its findings are expected to reflect the latest research that links even occasional alcohol consumption to health problems in later life.此次对酒精危害的重新评估始于2012年,其评估结果将与近期的其他研究结果呼应。其他研究也认为,偶尔饮酒也可能引发未来的健康问题。The Government currently advises men do not drink more than three to four units per day - up to 21 units or less per week - while women should drink no more than two to three units a day, or 14 units per week.英国政府目前的建议是:男性每天饮酒不宜超过三至四个酒精单位,每周饮酒量应低于21个酒精单位;女性每天饮酒不宜超过两至三个酒精单位,每周饮酒量应低于14个酒精单位。Under the new guidelines the gender difference will be thrown out and drinkers will be to keep off the booze for at least two days a week in order to allow their livers to recover.而新的饮酒指南则认为:无论男女,饮酒者每周至少要有两天远离酒精, 使受伤的肝脏得以恢复。A recent study by University College London found patients who gave up for four weeks saw benefits for their liver function, blood pressure and cholesterol levels and were also at lower risk of developing diabetes and liver disease.伦敦大学学院近期的一项研究显示,病人戒酒四周后,其肝功能、血压和胆固醇水平都有所好转;而且,病人患糖尿病和肝脏疾病的风险也降低了。And a report by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (Nice) advised middle-aged people there is ;no safe level of alcohol consumption;.英国国家卫生医疗质量标准署在其发布的报告中向中年人发出忠告:饮酒量没有“安全线”。It says the same health benefits can be more easily achieved with exercise and healthy eating.该报告称,你想通过饮酒获得的所谓益处,其实可以轻松地通过锻炼和健康饮食实现。 /201601/421778。

  

  With winter well and truly upon us and the festive period fast approaching, we will soon be surrounded by robins on our Christmas cards, hear stories of magical reindeer pulling sleighs and sitting down to a turkey on our dinner table.冬天已经来了,圣诞即将到来。转眼之间,我们就会被印着知更鸟的圣诞贺卡层层包围,一边听着神奇驯鹿拉雪橇的故事,一边坐到晚饭桌前享用火鸡大餐。How did these wild animals become part of our festive traditions and celebrations?这些野生动物是如何成为圣诞传统与节庆活动的吉祥物的?Robin (Erithacus rubecula) 知更鸟(拉丁学名:Erithacus rubecula)No other bird invokes the spirit of Christmas and winter like the robin. Perhaps it is because robins are one of the only UK birds that can be heard singing in the garden on Christmas day, warning off intruders from their territories with melodic song. Or is it their bright red breasts, which give a splash of colour and hope in the bleak midwinter?再没有其它鸟类能像知更鸟一般使人想起那种圣诞的节日气氛和冬日的兴致了。这或许是因为,知更鸟属于仅有的几种会于圣诞当天在花园中唱歌的英国鸟类,它们用音调优美的歌声警告自己领地上的闯入者。又或者是因为它们胸前长着鲜红色的羽毛,让身处萧瑟隆冬的人们看到一抹亮色、感到一线希望?Robins started to appear on Christmas cards in the mid-1800s after they gave their name to some of the first postal employees who wore red jackets, and who were often referred to as #39;robins’. On some of these early cards, the robin was often pictured carrying an envelope or postcard in its bill, delivering it like a postman.19世纪中叶,在首批邮局雇员中,有一些雇员身穿红色夹克衫,由此,人们常常以知更鸟的名字称呼他们,自那以后,圣诞贺卡上便渐渐开始出现知更鸟的形象。在这些早期贺卡的部分图片上,知更鸟往往用喙衔着一枚信封或一张明信片,像邮递员一样进行递送工作。Simply put, the robin gave its name to the postman and the postman gave its role to the robin. Every year since, robins have adorned our Christmas cards, stamps and other festive decorations.简而言之,邮递员因知更鸟而得了绰号,知更鸟因邮递员而拥有了人格化的角色。之后每年的圣诞贺卡、邮票和其它节日饰品上,都少不了要镶上知更鸟的图画。Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus)驯鹿(拉丁学名:Rangifer tarandus)Children still wait excitedly for Dasher, Prancer and the other flying reindeer that pulled Santa Claus’s sleigh round the world to deliver their presents.时至今日,孩子们依然满心激动地等待着猛冲者(Dasher)、欢腾(Prancer)和其它会飞的驯鹿拉着圣诞老人的雪橇,满世界兜转,递送他们的礼物。Most likely these magical deer made it into festive lore because of the 1823 poem titled The Night Before Christmas. Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer was a 20th-century addition to the team, lighting the way on a foggy Christmas Eve.驯鹿最有可能是因1823年的一首题为《圣诞前夕》(The Night Before Christmas)的诗,而披上有魔力的外衣、走进圣诞传说当中的。红鼻子驯鹿鲁道夫(Rudolph)于二十世纪加入圣诞麋鹿队列,它的红鼻子照亮了平安夜雾蒙蒙的道路。Reindeer, or caribou as they are known in North America, can outperform all other large land animals with their energy efficiency – so really are a fitting choice as the legendary Christmas sleigh-pullers. Since their domestication reindeer have been a sled-puller of choice for many people in the Polar Regions.由于驯鹿(或按北美的叫法称北美驯鹿)的运动能效出色,体能胜过其它所有大型陆地动物;又鉴于许多生活在极地地区的人都选择用驯养的驯鹿来拉雪橇,因而,由驯鹿来担当传说中圣诞老人的坐骑,真真是再合适不过了。They are able to survive in the extreme cold and snow of the Arctic, withstanding extreme temperatures as low as -40°C thanks to their compact bodies, warm insulating fur and large hooves.驯鹿能够在极端寒冷、冰天雪地的北极生存下来。因其体格结实,皮毛温暖防冻,蹄型巨大,所以它们能够承受低至零下40摄氏度的极端低温。Rather than flying through the air on Christmas Eve, reindeer are more usually seen on their mammoth annual migration to the Arctic, during which the North American herds might travel for more than 5,000km.一反其在平安夜空中飞驰的形象,我们较常看到的驯鹿正在进行它们一年一度的大迁徙。为了到达北极,北美驯鹿群可能要跨越5000多公里的旅程。This extraordinary feat that can see them travel further than any other land mammal, so they are the best contender for being able to deliver presents all over the world in just one night!这种非凡的壮举,足以见它们所驰行的距离比任何其它的陆地哺乳动物都要远,所以,也难怪它们能够在短短一个晚上将礼物送达世界各地,驯鹿是当仁不让的最佳圣诞坐骑!Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)野生火鸡(拉丁学名:Meleagris gallopavo)For many a traditional Christmas dinner would not be the same without a turkey and all the trimmings. In England it first replaced meats such as peacock, boar and goose in the 16th-century, after King Henry the VIII was said to have dined on turkey as part of his Christmas feast. But it did not start to gain popularity until the Victorian times.对许多人来说,备有各种配料的火鸡是传统圣诞晚餐所不可或缺的大菜。据称,火鸡肉首次取代诸如孔雀肉、野猪肉、鹅肉等的肉类发生在十六世纪,在英国国王亨利八世(King Henry the VIII)把火鸡肉纳入他的圣诞大餐之后。但直到维多利亚时代,这一习俗才渐渐普及开来。Native to the Americas, explorers brought wild turkeys to Europe, and their domestication was so successful that English settlers actually took them back to America to farm.野生火鸡原本生长于美洲,是探险家将其引进到欧洲。随后,人们对它们进行了非常成功的驯化,以至于英国殖民者竟然又把它们带回到美国去养殖。Turkeys are the largest member of the game bird family, which also includes partridges, grouse and pheasants. During the breeding season, or when they get excited, the colour of their head can change through shades of red, white and blue.火鸡是体型最大的狩猎野禽,狩猎野禽科还包括了鹌鹑、松鸡和野鸡。在繁殖季节中,或者当火鸡感到兴奋时,它们头部的颜色就会在红、白、蓝三色中发生变化。Beyond the festive period, turkeys are perhaps best known for the #39;gobbling’ calls made by the males to attract a mate, leading to the name #39;gobbler#39;.除了身为圣诞吉祥物以外,火鸡最为人所知的或许莫过于,雄性火鸡求偶时会发出快速的咯咯大叫声。人们也因此用“gobbler”来指称雄性火鸡。 /201511/4128715.What are His Physical Expectations?5.双方生理期望值是多少?If you can figure out what a guy#39;s physical expectations are early on, you can save yourself from a lot of confusion and embarrassment later. Everyone has a different mindset and comfort level in terms of how fast a relationship should move physically. If you are a gal who plans to wait until marriage to give yourself to a man, then you might not be compatible with a guy who sees sex as an important part of getting to know someone. Similarly, if one of you is y to have sex after the first date and the other won#39;t be y until they are in love, then the situation could get awkward.如果能尽早了解到双方对交往后发生性关系是什么态度,或许就能避免日后接触带来的麻烦和问题,每个人观念、思维方式不尽相同,对一段感情发展到何种地步可以有肌肤之亲的界定也有所差异。一些人认为了解彼此身体对促进彼此关系十分必要,那么对于一定要等到结婚才能同床共枕,相对保守的女性来说,这类人就应该从适婚名单上抹去了。与之类似的,一些人第一次约会就想把对方带回家过夜,而对方如果认为对方太急躁、居心不轨,必须先有爱再有性,那么接下来的交往可想而知了。Find out what a guy#39;s physical expectations are, and relate your own as well. If you are both on the same page and know where each other stands, then you can avoid a situation where one party is putting themselves out there only to be rejected. While it is not a good feeling to be rejected, it#39;s equally uncomfortable being the one doing the rejecting. It#39;s a delicate balancing act turning someone away while still ensuring them that you do like them and find them desirable. By negotiating boundaries early on, you can tackle the issue before it becomes a problem. A Business Insider Poll asked 1,660 single American men and women about their views on sex and dating. One of their questions asked, ;How many dates do you need to wait before you sleep with someone?; Perhaps not surprisingly, men overwhelmingly responded with fewer dates than women did. Since there is such an obvious discrepancy between expectations, learning them early on is important.了解对方的生理期望值、对性的态度,看看两人是否观念一致。如果两个人步调一致,都很清楚对方的需求,那么当其中一人提出性需求时往往可以从恋人那里得到满足。事实上,不仅被拒绝是件鼻子碰灰的事儿,同时拒绝的人心里也不舒坦。在恋爱关系中,性的发展十分脆弱而又微妙,双方要拿捏好分寸,在表达浓浓爱意的同时又能满足性需求。一段关系最好在发展之初就了解清楚各自对身体接触、性需求的接纳程度,防危机于未然最好。美国一家机构曾做过一次内部调查,就性和恋爱的问题采访了1660位单身男女,其中一个问题是约会多少次后和对方上床才比较合适?数据统计结果和人们的预想差不多,男性认定的次数全部高于女性给出的。由此可见,男女之间对性、恋爱的看法存在很大差异。相比其他方面如爱好、朋友圈,及早了解性尤为重要啊!4.What Kind of Future does He Want?4.他想要什么样的未来If you are going to spend your time dating someone, you should know what the desired outcome is. If you are only interested in a summer fling, this may not be important. But if you are interested in finding someone to spend your life with, then it#39;s important to know what that life would look like down the line. The first step is to have a clear understanding of what kind of future you want for yourself. Then you can learn what he wants and see if the two align.在你想要和一个人约会前,首先应该明白你想要一个什么样的结局。如果你只是想要一种消遣,那么这一点可以忽略。但如果你想要与一个人白头偕老,那么了解彼此以后的生活轨迹就是非常重要。首先你要对自己想要的未来有一个清楚地认知,然后就可以了解他的想法,接下来再考虑你们的未来是否相契合。Find out what kind of future your guy wants. Does he want to be in an exclusive relationship, or does he enjoy casual dating? Does he ever see himself getting married, or is he afraid of making a commitment like that? If you have been dreaming about your wedding since you were a little girl, you likely won#39;t be happy dating someone who never wants to be married. Find out what he wants out of his life. Does he desire a fast-tracked career where he will work tirelessly to climb up the corporate ranks? Does he gauge his success by how much money he makes or how many things he owns? If his life#39;s focus will be on his career and not his family, then he may not be the ideal match for you. Or perhaps you#39;ve found a guy who can#39;t wait to get married and start a family. Maybe he grew up with 10 siblings and wants to raise a family just as large. If that#39;s not something that is in the cards for you, then it#39;s best to find out early.要了解他想要什么样的未来。他是专一而执着,抑或仅是一时兴起。他会考虑与你结婚,还是会刻意逃避这样的话题。如果你在少女时就怀着择一人终老的美好愿望,那么当你与一个只是一时兴起的人相爱,就不会快乐。要了解他在生活之外的想法。他是不是一个事业心强的人?想要通过自己不断努力获得快速晋升的机会?他是根据什么来衡量自己的成功的,是赚钱的多少还是拥有的多少?如果他的生活重心在事业而不是家庭,那么他可能并不是一个好的配偶。可能你找到的是一个并不想跟你结婚组建家庭的男人,可能他是一个在大家庭长大的孩子,因此他希望自己也能有很多的孩子,也能组建一个大家庭。如果这些并不是你想要的,那么你一定要及时止损。3.Who are the People He Surrounds Himself With?3.他周围是一些什么样的人Oftentimes, you can tell the most about a person by the company he keeps. The type of friends that your guy hangs with can give you a ton of insight into the type of person he is. Most people have a few close friends who each serve different purposes in their life.通常你可以通过他的朋友了解到这是一个什么样的人。他朋友的类型一般可以反映出他的性格。大部分人会有一些很亲密的朋友,这些朋友在他们生活都扮演着重要角色。For instance, he may always go to one particular friend when he needs advice. Figure out whatever you can about their relationship to find out why. Is this friend mature and wise and capable of dishing out practical advice? Are they a simply a good listener who lets him talk it out and figure out the answer on his own? Do they give advice in a tough-love fashion, or do they coddle and indulge? In this way, you can learn what type of person he values and trusts. Similarly, learn what you can about the friends he hangs out with most, and look for what attracts him to them. Does he love the familiarity and comfort of friends he#39;s had since elementary school? Does he hang out with energetic people who are the life of the party? Are his friends intellectuals who love nothing more than debating the latest in politics or art? Are his friends witty and funny, constantly cracking jokes to keep everyone laughing? By finding out the type of company your guy keeps, you#39;ll have a better understanding of what personality traits he values and what type of people he likes to be around. If you share some of these personality traits then you two are likely to hit it off too. And if you can see yourself being friends with his friends, then you are likely a great match.比如,当他需要建议的时候会去一个特定的朋友那里寻求帮助。你要去思考他们之间是怎样的关系是。这是一个成熟,明智,能够提出很多建设性意见的朋友么?这些朋友是一个单纯的倾听者,能够让他倾诉并指出他自身的问题?他们是出于朋友的情谊给出逆耳忠言,还是单纯的溺爱和纵容?通过这样的方式,你就可以了解到他在乎和相信的是什么样的人。同祥地,你要了解经常与他一起的是什么样的人,从而了解什么样的人能够吸引他。他是喜欢能带给他熟悉感与舒适感的儿时朋友来往?还是会和喜欢派对上精力充沛的人来往?他的朋友是睿智的,喜欢谈论政治,艺术的人?还是诙谐幽默,能够带给大家快乐的人。通过了解他周围的朋友,你会对这个人有一个更深入的了解:他的个性是怎么样的?他喜欢和什么样的人交往?如果你们能够互相交流了解彼此的个性,那么你们就会变得更适合。如果你能把自己的性格修炼的和他周围的朋友一样,你将会是一个完美的恋人。2.Does He have an Ex-Wife or Kids?2.他有前妻或者孩子吗?If a guy has an ex-wife, there might be a lot of baggage that comes along with it. It#39;s important to know what type of relationship they currently have, especially if there are children involved. If he is able to co-parent with his ex in a healthy and constructive way, then it#39;s a good clue that he is mature and good at handling conflict. If he turns red in the face and gets agitated at the mere mention of his ex-wife#39;s name, then he may still be harboring a lot of anger and frustration which could spill over into your relationship.如果他离过婚,那他应该还有不少上段婚姻遗留下来的负担。如果他们有孩子,他们当下的关系如何就显得尤其重要。若他能和前妻有个健康良好的关系一起抚养孩子,说明他成熟稳重,善于应对冲突。反之,若一提到他前妻他就激动的不行,气得脸红脖子粗,则说明他仍对这段婚姻憋着一肚子气,心里满是挫败感,那么他很有可能会将这些负面情绪一股脑宣泄到你们的恋情中。If your guy does have children, and you love children, then it might be an advantage of dating him. Still, there is a lot that goes into dating a man with kids. If you always dreamed of experiencing the magic of a first pregnancy and first child with someone who was equally new to the process, then this might not be the perfect someone for you.如果对方确实有孩子,而你又恰好喜欢小孩,说不定这会成为你的优势。不管怎么说,跟已经有孩子的男人在约会时会有很多顾虑。如果你一直以来憧憬跟某个人一起怀上并生养人生中第一个孩子,那么他也许并不是你的绝佳伴侣。1.How does He Handle his Money?1.他是如何理财的?Arguing about money is the top predictor of divorce, according to a researcher at Kansas State University. She found that those who argue about money early in their relationship were at a greater risk for divorce, regardless of the couples#39; income, debt or net worth. So before you start seriously dating a guy, it#39;s important to know his views on finances and how he handles his money.一位来自堪萨斯州立大学的研究人员表示,因钱财争吵是离婚最强烈的前兆。她发现,不管双方收入如何,有无负债,净资产多少,在婚姻早期就对钱财问题有过争吵的夫妻离婚率较高。因此,在你认真地跟男方约会前,很有必要了解下他对财富的看法,以及他是如何理财的。Find out if your guys is a spender or a saver. Does he aspire to keep up with the Joneses, or is he content to live a more simple life. Is financial security important to him, or does he prefer to live in the moment rather than save for the future? Does he value the pursuit of wealth, or would he rather donate his money to charity? Also figure out what he tends to spend his money on, and see if it matches up with your spending style and goals. Would he rather spend his money on things or on experiences? For instance, if he received a bonus at work, would he rather buy an expensive watch or get tickets to the big game? Would he rather update his car with all the bells and whistles, or spend that money on a trip to Europe? Does he spend freely on smaller purchases like lattes, lunches and gifts, or does he pinch pennies and keep his wallet shut? If someone#39;s spending habits don#39;t match yours, you can expect a lot of arguments over money to pop up. Follow these tips and learn what you can about a guy before you start seriously dating, and you will have a better chance of success in the long term. By figuring out the answers to these questions, you can decide if someone is just a date or a true soul mate.弄清他是月光族还是守财奴;是沉迷于与左邻右舍攀比,还是满足于相对简单的生活;经济保障于他是不是很重要,他是喜欢活在当下还是为未来攒钱?他是重视追求财富,还是情愿捐款给福利事业?与此同时,搞清楚他倾向于在哪方面花钱,其花钱风格及目的是否与自己相符。他是愿意将钱花在物质享受上还是丰富阅历上?比如说,如果他工作得到奖励,他会买块昂贵的手表还是会买一张体育赛事的高价入场券?是会为爱车更换安全带和喇叭,还是去欧洲旅游?对于生活中的小额花销,比如拿铁,午餐及小礼物,他是会爽快掏腰包还是会精打细算,一毛不拔?如果对方花钱习惯跟你不同,可以想象会出现多少金钱方面的争吵。根据这些提示及建议,学习在认真约会某人前,你需要了解到对方哪些信息,从长远看,你更有可能收获一段成功的恋情。弄清这些问题的同时,你可以确定下对方对于你来说只是一个约会对象,还是真正的灵魂伴侣。审校:嘉珈 编辑:Freya然 来源:前十网 /201602/426098

  

  A drug approved last year for women with ovarian tumours has shown remarkable benefits in some men with advanced prostate cancer, UK researchers have found in what they say is a “landmark clinical trial” of genetic oncology.英国研究人员在他们所称的一次“里程碑式的(遗传肿瘤学)临床试验”中发现,去年批准的一种治疗女性卵巢肿瘤的药物,对部分患晚期前列腺癌的男性显示出明显疗效。The Institute of Cancer Research in London, which carried out the study with the Royal Marsden hospital and a wide range of funding bodies, said that olaparib — the drug introduced last year by AstraZeneca under the trade name Lynparza — would benefit 25 to 30 per cent of patients with advanced prostate cancer.这项研究由伦敦癌症研究院(Institute of Cancer Research)与皇家马斯登医院(Royal Marsden Hospital)及多个基金会合作开展。伦敦癌症研究院表示,25%到30%的晚期前列腺癌患者将从这个名为奥拉帕尼(Olaparib)的药物中受益。该药物是去年由阿斯利康(AstraZeneca)推出的,商品名为Lynparza。These men carry specific genetic mutations that affect their cells’ ability to repair damaged DNA. While this enables cancer to get started, olaparib further disrupts the repair mechanism — causing so much damage that tumour cells can no longer survive, said Joaquin Maleo, lead author of the study, which is published in the New England Journal of Medicine.这些男性携带特殊的基因突变,会影响他们细胞修复受损脱氧核糖核酸(DNA)的能力。该研究报告第一作者华金氠莱奥(Joaquin Maleo)表示,尽管这种突变令癌得以萌生,奥拉帕尼却会进一步扰乱修复机制,造成很大的损伤,以至于肿瘤细胞无法再存活。该研究报告发表在《新英格兰医学期刊》(New England Journal of Medicine)上。“Our trial marks a significant step forward in the treatment of prostate cancer, showing that olaparib is highly effective at treating men with DNA repair defects in their tumours,” added Johann de Bono, head of drug development at the Institute of Cancer Research. “It also proves the principle that we can detect prostate cancers with specific targetable mutations, using genomic sequencing to deliver more precise cancer care by matching treatment to those men most likely to benefit.”伦敦癌症研究院药品开发主管约翰德诺(Johann de Bono)补充说:“我们的试验标志着前列腺癌治疗取得了重大进展,明了奥拉帕尼对治疗肿瘤中存在DNA修复缺陷的男性非常有效。该试验还明了可用特定靶向性突变诊断前列腺癌的原理,我们可利用基因测序,将治疗手段与最可能受益的男性匹配起来,实现更精准的癌症治疗。”The study included 49 men with terminal prostate cancer that had resisted previous treatment. Fourteen of them — those with detectable DNA repair mutations — responded very well to the drug, surviving for much longer than expected for patients with such advanced disease.这项研究的对象包括49名患晚期前列腺癌的男性,此前的治疗手段对他们无效。在他们中间,14人携带可检测到的DNA修复能力突变。这14人对该药物的反应非常好,存活时间远远长于患如此晚期癌症的病人的预期存活时间。The results have led to a second trial, now getting under way, in which only patients whose DNA shows detectable repair mutations will receive olaparib. If it confirms the findings of the first study, olaparib could become a standard treatment for advanced prostate cancer in men with these mutations.这些结果促使研究人员设计了第二个试验,该试验正在进行当中。在第二个临床试验中,只有那些DNA具有可检测到的修复能力突变的患者才会用奥拉帕尼。如果这次试验确认了第一次试验的结论,奥拉帕尼或成为携带这种基因突变的晚期前列腺癌患者的标准治疗手段。 /201511/407147

  

  

  Among those killed Monday when a Taliban suicide bomber attacked a patrol in southern Afghanistan was the first openly gay female U.S. soldier to die in combat.美国一巡逻队星期一在阿富汗南部遭到塔利班自杀炸弹杀手的袭击,阵亡军人中包括第一位公开性倾向的美国同性恋女军人。The Pentagon identified 36-year-old Air Force Major Adrianna Vorderbruggen as one of the six troops killed in the blast.五角大楼说, 36岁的空军少校弗德布拉吉是在爆炸中阵亡的六名军人之一。In 2012, she married her partner Heather Lamb in what was one of the first marriages involving an openly gay service member since President Barack Obama repealed the nearly 20-year-old ;Don#39;t Ask, Don#39;t Tell; policy. That rule kept openly gay people from serving in the U.S. military.2012年,弗德布拉吉与她的同性伴侣拉姆结婚。奥巴马总统废除实行近20年的“不问不说”的政策后,她是最先结婚的美国同性恋军人之一。按照“不问不说”政策的规定,公开性取向的同性恋者不能在美国军队中役。The six deaths bring the number of American soldiers killed in action in Afghanistan this year to 10. Another 10 have been killed in non-combat situations, including multiple helicopter crashes.算上这次阵亡的六个人,今年美军在阿富汗作战行动中的阵亡将士总人数增至10人。另外还有10名驻阿美军属于非战斗死亡,包括几起直升机坠毁。There are still 9,800 U.S. troops in the country as part of a mission to advise and assist Afghan troops. The U.S.-led NATO combat mission in the country ended a year ago after 13 years and 2,349 American deaths, according to Pentagon data.目前仍有9800名美国军人留驻阿富汗,为阿富汗军队提供咨询和帮助。美国领导的北约联军一年前结束了在阿富汗的战斗行动。五角大楼的数据显示,共有2349名美国军人在这场历时13年的战争中死亡。 /201512/417787

  

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