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2019年12月14日 07:48:22来源:美口碑

NASA; Famous Americans: Jackie Robinson; conference versus meeting versus session; second to none; narrative versus story Words:outer spaceto spur onspace raceadvocateto orbitheight of (something)leaguesegregatedfanracial slurto unifyprestigiousmeetingconferencesessionsecond to nonenarrativestory 3563。

  • Lily:Great. My favorite-soup, soup, soup...Mom:Oh, and there one more thing you have to do every hour on the hour, sweets.Lily:Blow my nose?Mom:Well, you do that when your nose needs blowing. I was talking about a way to make your throat1 heal faster.Lily:No, please, Mom! Dont make me gargle with saltwater!Mom:It works3 better than any medicine, Lily. Ill make you a glass right now, and youll finish it!参考译文:莉莉:太好了我最喜欢的就是——汤、汤、汤……妈妈:喔,还有你每小时的整点,都要准时再做一件事,亲爱的莉莉:擤鼻涕?妈妈:嗯,妳需要擤就擤我是在讲一种让你喉咙快点好的方法莉莉:妈,拜托,不要!不要叫我用盐水漱口!妈妈:莉莉,这比任何一种药都有效我马上帮你冲一杯,你要漱完!重点词汇:on the hour每个小时的整点The bus comes every hour on the hour.公车每小时整点来一班blow someone nose擤(某人的)鼻涕How can I blow my nose when Im handcuffed to the bed?我被铐在床上,要怎么擤鼻涕?heal (v.)痊愈I need some time to heal my heart.我需要一点时间平复心理创伤gargle (v.)漱口,清喉咙A: Did you try gargling with salt water?你有试着用盐水漱口吗?B: Yes, but it doesnt work.有,但没用 365。
  • 有没有想过,当搞笑的事情发生在眼前时,(大脑里)发生了什么?我是指,当我们看到有人踩在香蕉皮上滑倒时,究竟是大脑里的什么物质让我们发出“哈哈”的笑声解决这个问题的方法之一就是观察大脑是怎么“笑”的达特茅斯的神经学家威廉凯利就对此做了深入研究他和他的研究小组让一些志愿者观看一段塞恩菲尔德的喜剧,同时用核磁共振仪监视志愿者们的大脑内部变化,以便随时检测出大脑的哪个部分比较活跃之后,他们把大脑核磁共振得出的数据同笑声的波形图进行契合,以检测出当处理搞笑的信息时,大脑有什么变化虽然研究中没有发现大脑中存在处理搞笑信息的中枢,但是研究成果还是十分具有指导意义的当研究对象看到好笑的地方,他们的大脑左半球里有两块区域(在仪器中)最先变亮了据以往的研究来看,这两块区域与进行模糊判断能力有关就像当我们做事情时,一开始摸不着头脑,而后突然灵光一现,看清了问题的本质,那时,我们就会兴奋地喊一句“懂了!”几秒钟之后,(研究对象的)大脑的岛叶和杏仁核等其他区域开始活跃了脑岛与人的情绪有关,看来可能是在接收到好笑的信息时,大脑感觉良好,于是(让身体)做出了“哈哈”的反应杏仁核和记忆能力有关正如研究员们指出的那样,虽然你可能记不住喜剧中的每一个情景细节,但是你很可能记住了好笑的地方好笑的事物能够在我们的大脑里形成长久性记忆,不易忘却这下懂了吧?(本段文字来源:沪江英语) 18。
  • Part 3. Mediation skills.Keywords. mediation counseling, positive environment, bottom line, brainstorm.Vocabulary. mediator, facilitate, rephrase, accusatory, promptly, role reversal, brainstorm, prioritize.Youre going to hear a lecture on mediation skills. In the lecture, several steps resolving conflicts are discussed.First write down the three steps people can use resolving conflicts, then take more notes.Today we are going to discuss the steps involved in mediation counseling.The skills that make up mediation counseling will be useful to you in a variety of situations, instance, helping a couple that is having problems in their relationship or parents who are having trouble with a teenager.Through mediation counseling, people can learn to take a series of steps that will lead them to identify problems and create solutions.Step 1. Setting up a positive environment.In step 1, the mediator wants to set up an environment that will help the clients to speak frankly about what has upset them without attacking the other person.This is first done by clearly stating specific rules about how the clients will be allowed to behave during mediation sessions. example, clients must treat each other with respect.They may not shout at the other person or interrupt them when they are speaking.After the rules have been established, each client will take a turn speaking directly to the mediator.They will state their point of view concerning the problem.If they are having difficulty, the mediator will facilitate the process by asking questions like ;What been going on between the two of you?; or ;How has this problem affected you?;Another thing the mediator will do is to rephrase statements that sound very aggressive and accusatory. example, if Robert is mad at Vicky, he might say something like this, the problem is Vicky always late. She has no respect my time. She always keeps me waiting.To avoid having Vicky get angry when she hears this, the mediator would rephrase it, focusing on the real issue instead of how bad Vicky is.The mediator might say something like this, So you feel really frustrated and impatient when you arrive promptly and then have to wait a long time the another person.When both clients have finished sharing their side of the story with the mediator, the mediator will list and clarify the problems.In the case of Robert and Vicky, the mediator could say, ;There seems to be a problem finding a way to organize time that is comtable both of you. ;Step . Identifying the bottom line.In step , the mediator helps the clients to identify the bottom line.This is done by breaking their conflict down into the specific issues which are emotional and behavioral.People might say they are mad about a specific behavior, but what they are really mad about is how it makes them feel.To look again at the case of Robert and Vicky, the mediator might help them to see that while time seems to be the issue, the real issue is that Robert feels Vicky does not respect him.At this point, the clients begin speaking to each other.But they do this by participating in activities that are designed to help them better understand each other.Maybe they could do a role reversal. And Vicky could talk how she would feel if she and Robert were supposed to have dinner with friends and he came an hour late.Robert could share reasons why he might be late something.Hopefully, this will help Robert and Vicky be more sympathetic with one another.Step 3. Brainstorm. Now it time to talk about solutions.In step 3, the mediator encourages the clients to share every possible solution to their problem, no matter how ridiculous or extreme.The clients must accept all the solutions either one of them suggests.They may not criticize each other during this step in the process. As they are making suggestions, the mediator writes down all their different ideas.When everyone has run out of suggestions, they look at their list.They try to identify which solution is best, which one is most reasonable and practical, which ones are unworkable, etc, etc.A prioritize the solutions and discuss which ones would work them, which ones they would be willing to try.Using the solutions they have chosen, the clients, with the help of the mediator, write down some very specific steps they would take to solve their problem. 5567。
  • Voice 1: You may have heard another Spotlight program about Mechai Viravaidya. He teaches the people of Thailand about family planning and safe sex. He also sps inmation about HIV and AIDS in Thailand.声音1:我们在另一期重点报道节目中也提到了米猜·威拉瓦亚他教泰国人有关计划生育和安全性行为的知识他也在泰国传播有关艾滋病的信息Voice : Some people in Thailand call Mechai ‘the condom king.’ That is because he works hard to encourage one hundred percent condom use in Thailand.声音:泰国有些人称米猜是“安全套之王”这是因为他一直努力鼓励泰国0%使用安全套Voice 1: Condoms are thin rubber protective covers. Men can wear them when they have sex. Using a condom increases protection both people. Some people use condoms to avoid becoming pregnant.声音1:安全套是薄橡胶保护罩男性可以在发生性行为时戴上安全套使用安全套可以增加对两个人的保护有些人使用安全套是为了避免怀Voice : But people can also use condoms to avoid sexually transmitted diseases. There are many dangerous diseases a person can get when he or she has sex with an infected person. These diseases can pass through body fluids during sex.声音:不过,人们也可以用安全套来避免性传播疾病一个人同受感染者发生性关系之后,可能感染多种危险疾病这些疾病可以在性行为过程中通过体液传播 译文属 9。
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