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2019年07月17日 03:31:32 | 作者:问医优惠 | 来源:新华社
The world record holder for the number of university degrees is a 70-year old Italian.世界最多大学学位记录的保持者是意大利的一位70岁老翁。Mr Luciano Baietti lives in the town of Velletri in the Alban Hills near Rome and spends his days pottering around his small house and garden.卢西亚诺·巴耶蒂住在位于意大利罗马附近阿尔巴诺丘陵的韦莱特里镇,终日在自己的小房子和花园中漫步。But every morning at 3am, he pulls out his textbooks and starts studying. He now holds 15 bachelors or master#39;s degrees from universities across Italy, and is aly embarking on his 16th.但是每天早上3点,他就拿出自己的课本开始学习。他目前拥有意大利多座大学共15个学士和硕士学位,并且正在攻读自己的第16个学位。;Thanks to books, I feel free, dammit,; he tells AFP. ;After all, the words share the same root, referring to the Italian words libro (book) and libero (free).;他对法新社表示:“多亏有了书本,我才觉得自由自在。毕竟这两个词都有同一个词根。”(他指的是意大利语的书“libro”和自由“libero”)The certificates proving his prowess hang on the walls of his study, framing a portrait of the 19th century French essayist, Louis-Francois Bertin, whom he cites as an influence. ;He was a man of culture and knowledge,; said Mr Baietti.巴耶蒂书房墙上挂满了他的学位书,当中有一张法国19世纪家路易·伯坦的肖像画,他将其当做自己的榜样。巴耶蒂表示:“路易·伯坦是一个具有文化修养、学识丰富的人。”Baietti was a former headmaster of a secondary school, who made it into the Guinness Book of Records in 2002 with his eighth degree, that time in motor skills.巴耶蒂曾是一位中学校长,2002年获得运动技能学位之后,他因为持有8个学位而被写进吉尼斯世界纪录。At that point he aly had degrees in sociology, literature, law, political science and philosophy, most from Rome#39;s prestigious La Sapienza University, one of the oldest in the world.那时他已经获得了社会学、文学、法律、政治学和哲学等学位,其中大多数学位都来自于世界上最古老的大学之一、著名的罗马第一大学。Since then, he#39;s added seven others to his list, including one in criminology, a distance-learning one in military strategies from Turin, and the latest in tourism from an online university in Naples, which he was awarded at the start of this month.巴耶蒂之后又考取了七个学位,其中包括犯罪学、都灵大学军事战略函授学位,以及本月初获得的那不勒斯网上大学旅游业学位。;Each time I set myself a new challenge, to see how far my body and my brain can go,; says Mr Baietti.巴耶蒂说道:“我每次都给自己定下一个新挑战,看看自己的体力和脑力能到什么程度。” /201702/494281How long do we have to stay in here? I need to pee so much!我们要在这里呆多久?我尿急啊! /201612/483593Our grins are not as simple as they seem. There are a myriad different ways to smile – and some of them can conceal some less than happy feelings.我们露齿而笑并不像看上去那么简单。微笑有无数种不同的方式,而其中一些方式可能隐藏了一些不愉快的心情。Of 19 different types of smile, only six occur when we’re having a good time. The rest happen when we’re in pain, embarrassed, uncomfortable, horrified or even miserable. A smile may mean contempt, anger or incredulity, that we’re lying or that we’ve lost.在19种不同的微笑中,只有6种是在我们开心的时候露出的微笑。其余的是在我们痛苦、尴尬、不舒、害怕甚至是痛苦的时候露出的微笑。一个微笑可能意味着轻视、愤怒或怀疑,也可能意味着我们在说谎或我们失败了。While genuine, happy smiles exist as a reward for when we’ve done something helpful to our survival, the ‘non-enjoyment’ smiles are less about what you’re feeling inside and more about what you want to signal to others.当我们做了对生存有帮助的事情时,我们会回以真诚、开心的微笑,而“不快乐”的微笑不在于你的内心感受,而更多地在于你想要向别人传达什么。And here are 10 typical smiles:下面介绍10个典型的微笑1. Duchenne smile杜氏微笑The first steps to decoding this multi-purpose expression came from the 19th Century neurologist Duchenne de Boulogne. In all Duchenne went on to discover 60 facial expressions, each involving its own dedicated group of facial muscles, which he depicted in a series of photographs.最先开始解读多种目的的表情的是19世纪的神经学家杜兴·布洛涅。杜兴总共发现了60种面部表情,每一种都需要活动其专用的面部肌肉群,而他也在一系列照片中描绘过()。In the most famous of these, an unlucky man has his face contorted into a broad, toothless grin. He looks idiotically happy, with his cheeks pushed up and crow’s feet around his eyes.其中最有名的就是一名不幸的男子把他的脸扭曲成一个不露牙齿的咧嘴笑。他看上去像傻瓜一样高兴,脸颊上扬,都笑出了鱼尾纹。It’s since become known as the ‘felt’ or ‘Duchenne‘ smile and it’s associated with genuine feelings of pleasure and giddy happiness.自那以后,这种微笑也被称为“感觉得到的”微笑或“杜氏”微笑,而这种微笑与真正喜悦的心情以及傻乎乎的幸福感有关。2. Fear smile恐惧/敬畏的微笑Though we don’t tend to associate smiling with feeling fearful in humans, there are some hints that the fear smile may have lingered on. In babies, a broad grin can either mean they’re happy or distressed and studies have shown that men tend to smile more around those considered to be higher status.虽然我们往往不会把微笑与人类恐惧的感觉联系在一起,但恐惧的微笑可能也有着某些暗示。对婴儿而言,咧嘴笑可能意味着他们很高兴或很痛苦,研究指出男士往往会对着那些被认为是地位更高的人微笑。3. Miserable smile痛苦的微笑The ‘miserable smile’ is a stoical grin-and-bear-it expression – a slight, asymmetric smile with an expression of deep sadness pasted over the top.“痛苦的微笑”是一种克制着情绪并坦然地龇牙咧嘴的笑,也是一种在过度哀伤后露出的略微有些不对称的微笑。4. The dampened smile沮丧的微笑The dampened smile is an attempt to control an automatic, happy one. Intriguingly, this discrepancy even stretches to the way smiles are typed: with a flat mouth and squinting eyes, as opposed to dotted eyes with a curved mouth. This ^_^ instead of this : ).沮丧的微笑是试图控制无意识的情绪而露出的快乐的微笑。有趣的是,这种自相矛盾甚至延伸到网络上输入微笑的方式:扁着嘴并眯着眼的笑,与用点表示眼睛,用弧线表示嘴巴的微笑截然不同。也就是^_^这样的笑,而不是: )这种笑。5. Embarrassed smile尴尬的微笑The ‘embarrassed smile’ is identical, though the two are easily distinguished – if not by the flushed cheeks, then the uncomfortable situation which usually precedes it.“尴尬的微笑”(与沮丧的微笑)非常相似,虽然这两种微笑很容易区分,如果不是通过涨红的脸颊来判断,那通常就是通过不舒的局面来判断的。6. Qualifier smile装饰性的微笑The ‘qualifier smile’ aims to take the edge off bad news, such as the receptionist’s smile who explains that the next available appointment is in a year’s time. It’s perhaps the most irritating of all the smiles, since it often traps the recipient into smiling back.“装饰性的微笑”旨在缓和坏消息的影响,例如前台解释下一个可以预约的时间在一年后时露出的微笑。这可能是所有微笑中最让人愤怒的一种微笑了,因为它往往诱导着所对之人也微笑地回应。7. Contempt smile轻蔑的微笑The ‘contempt smile’ indicates a mixture of disgust and resentment and is disconcertingly similar to a smile of true delight, except for the corners of the lips which appear tightened.“轻蔑的微笑”指的是一种混杂着厌恶和愤恨的微笑,与令人仓皇失措的、真正高兴的微笑相似,除了嘴角看上去紧绷绷的。8. Angry-enjoyment smile享受别人的愤怒时露出的微笑/恶毒的微笑Translating roughly as ‘malicious joy’, schadenfreude is the thrill of discovering another’s misfortune. For obvious reasons, this mischievous emotion is best concealed from others.(这种微笑)大致可解释为一种“怀有恶意的快乐”,幸灾乐祸就是当发现他人的不幸时感到兴奋的心情。显然,这种幸灾乐祸的情绪最好瞒着其他人。This blended expression is just one of several smiles with a similar formula, such as enjoyable-contempt, enjoyable-fear and enjoyable-sadness.这种混杂的情绪只是那些有着相似公式的几种微笑之一,例如享受别人遭到轻视时、恐惧时或悲哀时露出的微笑。9. Fake smile虚假的微笑Thanks to Duchenne, it’s widely held that you can easily spot a fake smile by simply looking to the eyes – he believed that the eye muscle only contracts when we really mean it.因为杜氏微笑的关系,人们普遍认为你可以很容易地通过看着一个人的眼睛来判断出虚假的微笑。杜兴相信,只有我们真的想笑的时候,眼部肌肉才会收缩。Most of us have a lot of practice. Since smiles tend to accompany greetings, we’re used to politely lying about our true feelings – saying we’re fine, even when we’re not – with these expressions fixed on our faces.我们多数人都做过大量的(微笑)练习。因为微笑往往伴随着问候,我们习惯于礼貌地隐藏我们真正的心情,甚至在我们不好的时候,都在脸上挂着这样的表情说着我很好。10. Flirtatious smile轻浮的笑容Psychologists have known for decades that Leonardo da Vinci’s masterpiece captures an act of flirtation. The Mona Lisa smile is often described as enigmatic, but it’s actually a classic ‘flirtatious’ expression.几十年来,心理学家就已经知道,莱昂纳多·达芬奇的杰作抓住了调情这种行为的精髓。蒙娜丽莎的微笑往往被描述为神秘的微笑,但实际上,这是一种典型的“轻浮的”表情。So the next time someone tells you to ‘smile’, remember – it’s up to you which one you choose.所以下次有人告诉你要“微笑”的时候,要记住,选择哪种微笑就由你自己决定了。 /201704/506725

Yes, we’re all human, but men and women carry different health risks—which means that eating whatever your partner is having won’t necessarily cut it. To keep your doctor visits at a minimum—and keep all those gender-specific health risks at bay—it’s important to eat the foods that have been shown to help men remain healthy, lean, and strong. Here, the editors of Eat This, Not That! reveal foods all men should add to their diets, plus delicious (and easy!) ways to incorporate each one into your diet.是的,我们都是人,但男人和女人有着不同的健康风险——这就是说:吃另一半吃的食物,并不一定会降低我们的风险。想要少看医生——并遏制所有性别特定的健康风险——那么吃那些已被明有益于男性健康、精壮的食物是很重要的。因此Eat This, Not That!的编辑们道出了那些男性应该摄入的食物,以及如何简单地将这些食物添加到日常饮食中,使其变得美味!1. Wild Salmon1. 野生三文鱼Whether you’re simply trying to stay healthy or trying to improve your heart health because you’re aly suffering from heart disease, omega-3s can help, say the experts at the National Institute of Health. How? The healthy fat helps reduce triglycerides (the fats that can build up in your blood and cause a heart attack) and also diminish the risk of an irregular heartbeat.不管你只是单纯的想要保持健康,还是由于你已患有心脏病因此想要使心脏更加健康,欧米茄3脂肪都能帮助你,美国国立卫生研究所的专家们说道。怎么帮呢?这一健康的脂肪有助于减少甘油三酯(易在血液中积聚并导致心脏病的脂肪),还能降低不规则心跳的风险。2. Walnuts2. 核桃The genus name for walnuts comes from the Roman phrase “Jupiter’s acorn,” which shows you just how godly the Romans believed the nut to be. And still today, the meaty walnut is highly regarded for its nutritional awesomeness. As one of the best dietary sources of anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids, walnuts have proven particularly good for the heart. One study showed a two-ounce daily snack was enough to significantly improve blood flow to and from the heart. And a second, five-year study found a one-ounce portion of walnuts, three or more times per week could slash the risk of heart disease by more than half! Sounds like a great reason to chow down, if you ask us!核桃的属名来自于罗马短语“木星的橡子”,这也显示出核桃在罗马人心中的神圣度。时至今日,核桃果实也因其营养程度高而备受推崇。作为消炎欧米茄3脂肪酸的最佳饮食来源之一,核桃已被明有利于心脏健康。一项研究表明:每天只要吃两盎司的核桃就能显著促进心脏的血液流通。还有一项为期五年的研究发现:一盎司的核桃,每周吃三次或三次以上就能使患心脏病的风险降低一半!如果你问的话,我们会说这听起来是个不错的吃核桃理由!3. Mushrooms3. 蘑菇Not only are mushrooms super low-cal, they’re a good source of with potassium, a nutrient that can help lower blood pressure and offset the negative effects of excess sodium. Another reason to add the veggie to your shopping list: Researchers at the University of Florida showed increased immunity in people who ate 4 ounces of cooked mushrooms every day for four weeks.蘑菇不仅含有超低的卡路里量,而且也是钾元素的良好来源,钾元素是一种营养物质,能降低血压,还能抵消钠摄入量过多而产生的消极影响。将蘑菇添加到购物清单中还有一个理由:弗罗里达大学的研究员们表示:那些连续四周每天都吃4盎司煮熟蘑菇的人,免疫系统有所增强。译文属 /201701/486749

A huge applause echoed in the huge carpeted and Corinthian room as Jane, the most celebrated female model of the city gracefully walked along the pathway.当简,这个市里最著名的女模特优雅地沿着过道走出来时,响亮的掌声回荡在铺着地毯的柯林斯式的巨大房间内。After the speech, the most awaiting moment of the salient event came- It was the question time.演讲后,最令人期待的重要时刻到来了——访谈时间。“Well ma’am since you are the finest, the most elegant model of the city, there must be something that sprinkles some magic portion in your success, is it the watch necklace that you always wear?”“好吧尊敬的女士,既然你是这个城市里最美、最优雅的模特,那一定有什么有魔力的小秘密造就了你的成功,是你经常戴的那个怀表吗?”With a low gaze, moist eyes and a soft voice Jane said, “This watch necklace is an epitome of my lost lover Edward whose life ebbed away to the cradle of death two years ago. Yet what this Jane still have today is a symbol of a conglomeration of time and love that though Edward is physically far from my life, his presence is felt by the tinkering of this two cm needle.”简眼眉低垂,含着泪,温柔地说道:“这条项链是我失去的爱人爱德华的缩影,他的生命在两年前渐渐衰亡了。目前这个简仍然拥有的是凝聚了时间和爱的象征,尽管爱德华的身体已经离我的生活很遥远,但通过修修补补我这两厘米的针,我仍能感受到他的存在。”Time gone is like the flowing water of a gurgling river, where even if one wishes one cannot touch the same water again. What it takes and flows is a plethora of memories of our dear ones where a little something can symbolize a profound importance in someone’s life-just like the necklace watch of Jane from the gone lover-Edward.流逝的时光就像淙淙的小河里奔腾的水,你再也无法感受同一捧水,无论你有多么希望。我们关于最爱之人的大部分回忆将会被它带走,然而一个小东西就可以代表某人生命中深刻的东西——就像简那条来自永远消失的爱人爱德华的项链。 /201609/467102

New data from the Internal Affairs and Communications Ministry finds the population shrank by 170,000 kids from this time last year, to a new low of 15.71 million, The Japan Times reports.据《日本时报》报道,根据来自内政通讯部的资料显示,从去年至今,日本的儿童人口缩减了17万,达到1571万的历史新低。This is the 36th consecutive year the population has dropped.这是日本儿童人口连续第36年减少了。Japan#39;s fertility crisis has been many years in the making. As older generations start to die off without younger generations starting families behind them, economists say Japan shows all the signs of a ;demographic time bomb.;日本的生育危机已经持续了许多年。经济学家称,日本显现出了“人口定时炸弹”的迹象,因为儿童的出生率要低于人口的死亡率。Without any intervention, Japan#39;s economy will only continue to shrink.如果不加以干预,日本的经济只会继续下滑。;We will continue to put efforts into support for child-rearing,; welfare minister Yasuhisa Shiozaki told The Japan Times in December of last year.去年年底,社会福利部部长塩崎恭久向《日本时报》透露:“我们会大力促进儿童出生率的提高。”Japan#39;s fertility rate is among the lowest in the world, at just 1.4 births per woman.日本的生育率在世界范围内可谓是最低的,一名日本妇女平均只生育1.4个婴儿。Sociologists have found populations stay steady when a country has at least 2.1 births per woman. Beneath that threshold, and countries are likely to see their populations start to decline, which Japan has.据社会学家称,当一个国家的平均生育率保持在2.1时,人口就会保持不变。而日本却在这一门槛之下,因此日本的人口很有可能会开始缩减。 /201705/508674

1. He#39;s had a string of terrible relationships that will inform how he acts with you. Duh, but there#39;s more. It#39;s very likely he#39;s been burned before and it was traumatic enough that he#39;s wary of being hurt again. If that history has been established, keep it in mind moving forward. If he#39;s acting irrationally, it certainly isn#39;t your fault, but keep in mind that (within reason) it isn#39;t entirely his fault either. Understanding his side of the situation will be very helpful moving forward.1. 他有过很多次糟糕的情感经历,这会影响他如何对待你。但还有更多。很有可能他之前情感受过伤,伤势十分严重让他十分谨慎不想再受伤害。如果有这种过往,那要记得继续向前。如果他行为很不理智,这肯定不是你的问题,但你也要理智的记住这也不是他的过错。理解他的难处对于你们的关系向前发展十分有帮助。2. Those past relationships aren#39;t necessarily romantic. Someone with trust issues might not have a big, flashing horrible relationship to point at. While a partner with a habit of cheating or emotional abuse is certainly a possibility, keep in mind that an absent parent or even a problematic friend could be the root cause. It could even be a combination. Maybe (and very unfortunately) he#39;s the kind of person that lets people walk all over him, so he#39;s had a revolving door of troubling relationships.2. 这些过去的感情不一定都是浪漫的。那些难以信任别人的人可能经历过一段非常痛苦的感情。其伴侣习惯了出轨或情感虐待就是一种可能性,记住父母不在身边或者甚至是有一个麻烦不断的朋友都有可能是根源。甚至可能是两者相结合。不幸的是,他有可能是那种随意让人欺负的男生,所以会不断遭遇糟糕的感情。3. He might have trouble committing. In the early stages of the relationship, before you#39;re even really aware of his trust issues, he might find it tough to be in a relationship because he likes you a lot and is afraid to invest in a relationship he assumes is just going to hurt him. It might take some time and slow progress, but he#39;ll likely come around.3. 可能他很难对他人做出承诺。在情感的初期阶段,甚至在你意识到他难以信任别人之前,他可能会发现和你在一起十分困难,因为他很喜欢你,但他又害怕投入这段可能会伤害他的感情。也许需要一段时间或者进展缓慢,但很有可能他会恢复对他人的信任。Just be aware that, on the flip-side, not every guy that doesn#39;t want to commit to a relationship with you has trust issues. Some of them just aren#39;t y to settle down. Trust your instincts, and don#39;t wait around for just anyone.但另一方面,你也要知道,并不是所有不愿做出承诺的男生都有信任他人的问题。有些人就是还没有准备好安顿下来。相信自己的直觉,不要等待所有人。4. He#39;s going to be emotionally guarded. Even typical relationship milestones like saying ;I love you; might come hard to him, because again, the less he invests, the less he can get hurt. Keep that in mind when you#39;re pressing him to open up to you, and also that moments when he does share with you are huge milestones for him. If communication is a serious issue for you though, it#39;s certainly worth speaking about with him and exploring other options.4. 他情绪谨慎。即使是“我爱你”之类的典型情感里程碑对他来说都很困难,因为,他投入的越少,伤害就越小。记住当你对他施压让他对你敞开心扉时,他与你分享的这些时刻对他来说也是重要一步。但如果你觉得沟通困难,那么和他交谈寻找其它的解决方法当然也是很值得的。译文属 /201611/479534

Run! They#39;re coming to eat us all!快跑!她们要把我们全吃了!Umm, I#39;m not really hungry...嗯,我真不饿啊……;attack of Supermodel Zombies; was not a box office hit《超模僵尸侵袭》的票房表现一般(为啥表现一般呢?可能是因为超模们本来就吃得很少,变成僵尸也是如此,而僵尸是不顾一切要多吃的,这不自相矛盾么?) /201702/490318

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