陈村均安杏坛镇前列腺炎多少钱
时间:2019年07月20日 05:50:53

France’s socialist government has moved to stem mounting political criticism and public anger over its handling of the fight against terrorism in the wake of the third mass-casualty attack to rock the country in 18 months.法国社会党政府已采取行动遏止针对其反恐努力的不断升温的政治批评和公众愤怒,此前法国发生了18个月来第三次血腥恐怖袭击,震惊全国。Prime minister Manuel Valls was yesterday booed in Nice after attending a minute’s silence in tribute to the victims of last week’s atrocity in the city. Cries of “Valls resign” rang out from part of the crowd that was gathered to pay respect to those who died.总理曼努埃尔#8226;瓦尔斯(Manuel Valls)昨日在尼斯出席默哀一分钟的活动,悼念上周该市恐怖暴行的受害者,但他遭遇公众的嘘声。在前来悼念死者的人群中,有一部分人高喊“瓦尔斯辞职”。Earlier Bernard Cazeneuve, interior minister, hit out at criticism from Nicolas Sarkozy, France’s former president, and other senior opposition figures who said the government had failed to learn the lessons of previous Islamist terror assaults, including the massacre in Paris in November that killed 130. Speaking after a security council meeting, Mr Cazeneuve said the government had passed three laws to boost intelligence services in the past two years and created 9,000 police jobs to “tackle a threat France was not prepared for”.稍早前,内政部长伯纳德#8226;卡泽纳夫(Bernard Cazeneuve)驳斥了法国前总统尼古拉#8226;萨科齐(Nicolas Sarkozy)和其他反对党资深人士的批评,这些人表示,政府未能汲取前两次伊斯兰主义恐怖袭击的教训,包括11月发生在巴黎的导致130人遇难的血腥杀戮。卡泽纳夫在安全委员会开会后发表讲话,指出政府在过去两年通过了三部法律以加强情报部门,并创建了9000个警察岗位以“应对法国之前毫无准备的威胁”。But, he added those measures “do not guarantee zero risk”, adding the battle against terrorism was “hard” and the threat “multi-faceted”. The public mood has been much less forgiving than in the aftermath of previous attacks, that began with the Charlie Hebdo and Jewish supermarket attacks in January 2015. More than two-thirds of French people polled in the wake of the Nice attacks “do not trust” President Fran#231;ois Hollande and his government to combat terrorism effectively, according to an Ifop survey in Le Figaro. After the 2015 terror assaults, the majority of people expressed the opposite view.但是,他补充说,这些措施“并不保零风险”,并称,反恐斗争是“艰苦的”,威胁是“多方面的”。这一次公众情绪不像前两次袭击——第一次是2015年1月针对《查理周刊》(Charlie Hebdo)和犹太超市的恐袭——发生后那么宽容。根据《费加罗报》(Le Figaro)的Ifop调查,三分之二以上在尼斯恐袭发生后受访的法国人“不信任”总统弗朗索瓦#8226;奥朗德(Fran#231;ois Hollande)和他的政府在有效地打击恐怖主义。在2015年的两次恐怖袭击发生后,多数人表达了相反的观点。At least 84, including 10 children, were killed in Nice as Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel, a local resident with a history of violence and mental illness, mowed down people in a truck on the beachfront promenade during the Bastille Day celebrations. Bouhlel meticulously prepared the massacre, renting the truck on July 4 and repeatedly checking the seafront the day of the slaughter, according to French prosecutor Fran#231;ois Molins. The attacker showed “a clear and recent interest” in radical Islam in the week leading up to the attack, Mr Molins added.至少84人,包括10名儿童,在尼斯被杀害。当地市民、有暴力前科和精神疾病史的穆罕默德#8226;拉胡瓦杰#8226;布哈勒(Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel)驾驶一辆卡车冲撞正在海滨大道庆祝法国国庆日的人群。据法国检察官弗朗索瓦#8226;莫林斯(Fran#231;ois Molins)介绍,布哈勒为实施这场大屠杀作了精心准备,他在7月4日租下这辆卡车,并在袭击当日几次到海滨踩点。莫林斯补充说,在实施袭击的前一周,这名袭击者表现出对激进伊斯兰“明确、最近才产生的兴趣”。Mr Sarkozy, who leads the opposition Les Républicians, and Alain Juppé, leading contender for the centre-right presidential nomination, ensured there was no repeat of the political unity that emerged after Paris. The former president called for an all-out war against Isis. “It is them or us,” he told the TF1 TV channel. “Not everything has been done.” Mr Juppé had earlier said “fatalism is not a policy”.目前领导反对党共和党(Les Républicains)的萨科齐,以及这个中右翼政党的领先总统候选人角逐者阿兰#8226;朱佩(Alain Juppé),确保了巴黎恐袭后展现的政治团结不再重现。前总统萨科齐呼吁对“伊拉克和黎凡特伊斯兰国”(ISIS)打一场全力以赴的战争。“这是有他们就没有我们的事情,”他对TF1电视频道表示。“迄今所做的还不彻底。”朱佩早些时候表示:“宿命论不是政策”。 /201607/455311

It was a slow and gentle plunge: The world’s largest aircraft, the Airlander 10, crashed in southern England on Wednesday during its second test flight.那是一个缓慢而柔和的俯冲:周三,世界上最大的飞行器“天空登陆者10号”(Airlander 10)在第二次试飞期间坠落在英格兰南部。In a posted on YouTube, spectators could be heard saying, “Oh my God, he just crashed it,” as the nose of the aircraft made contact with the ground after an agonizingly slow descent at Cardington Airfield, about 40 miles north of London, before coming to rest.在发布于YouTube的一段视频中可以看到,在飞行器的前端触到地面时,观众在喊,“天哪,他落地了。”此前,它在伦敦以北40英里处的卡丁顿机场(Cardington Airfield)上空经历了极其缓慢的降落过程,最终停了下来。Hybrid Air Vehicles — the British developer of the 302-foot, 44,100-pound, helium-filled aircraft, which has a top cruising speed of about 90 miles an hour — said on Twitter that the crew members were “safe and well.”这架氦气飞行器的英国制造商混合动力飞行器公司(Hybrid Air Vehicles)在Twitter上表示,飞行人员“安全无恙”。这架飞行器长302英尺(约合92米),重4.41万磅(约合2万公斤),最高巡航速度约为90英里/每小时。“Airlander sustained damage on landing during today’s flight,” the company added, though “no damage was sustained midair.”“在今天的飞行中,天空登陆者在落地时遭到损坏,”公司还表示,但它“在半空中没有受损”。The first test flight of the Airlander 10 was postponed on Aug. 14 after Stephen McGlennan, the chief executive of Hybrid Air Vehicles, said the airship had “a slight technical issue.” It completed its initial test flight three days later.混合动力飞行器首席执行官史蒂芬#8226;麦克格伦南(Stephen McGlennan)在8月14日推迟了“天空登陆者10号”第一次试飞的时间,表示这艘飞艇有个“小技术问题”需要解决。三天后,它完成了首次试飞。On Wednesday morning, however, spectators watched as the ship slowly nose-dived and made an unplanned landing on its cockpit. The company did not provide an explanation as to why the aircraft had come down.然而,周三早上,观众却看到这艘飞艇在缓慢地俯身下落,意外地以底部的驾驶舱触地着陆。公司没有解释飞行器为何会掉下来。“It was going so well,” said Angela Hatwell, who posted several photographs of the aircraft on Facebook and described the airship’s flight as an “absolutely amazing sight.”“它正飞得好好的,”安杰拉#8226;哈特韦尔(Angela Hatwell)说。她在Facebook上发布了好几张飞行器的图片,还把它的飞行描述为“极其令人惊叹的景象”。“It was awful to watch,” she wrote of the crash.“看起来挺可怕,”她在描述飞行器的意外着陆时写道。One of Ms. Hartwell’s photographs showed the pilots in what appeared to be a damaged cockpit. “It just appeared to crumple up,” she wrote. “Luckily they appeared to walk away uninjured.”从哈特韦尔发布的其中一张照片看,飞行员所在的驾驶舱似乎有损伤。“它就好像被压瘪了,”她写道。“幸运的是,他们好像没有受伤。”The Airlander 10 was initially a project developed for the ed States military, and Hybrid Air Vehicles has said the airship could stay airborne for up to five days at a time with someone on board and for two weeks when flown remotely.“天空登陆者10号”最初是为美国军方研发的一个项目。混合动力飞行器公司曾表示,在载人的情况下,这艘飞艇一次可以在空中停留五天,遥控飞行则可以持续两周。 /201608/462871

Frail and dignified at 88, the man leaned on his cane and smiled as the story of his immigration in 1936 flashed behind him on a museum wall. Like tens of thousands of others who managed to come to the ed States from China during a 60-year period when the law singled them out for exclusion, the man, Tun Funn Hom, had entered as a “paper son,” with false identity papers that claimed his father was a native citizen.这位男士现年88岁,看起来有些虚弱,但不失体面。他拄着手杖微笑着,身后的物馆墙面上正在播放他1936年移民来美国的故事。他名为洪敦丰(Tun Funn Hom,音),当年是以“纸生仔”(paper son)的身份进入美国,拿的是声称其父是美国公民的假身份。在为期60年的美国法律排华时期,有数以万计的中国人都是通过这种方式从中国来到美国。For years, it was a shameful family secret. But Mr. Hom, a New York laundry worker who helped build battleships in World War II and put three children through college, outlived the stigma of an earlier era’s immigration fraud.多年来,这一直是个令人感到羞耻的家庭秘密。不过在纽约做洗衣工人的洪先生足够长寿,已经摆脱了更早年间移民欺诈的耻辱烙印。他曾在“二战”时期帮助建造战舰,还供三个孩子读完了大学。A narrow legalization program let him reclaim his true name in the 1950s. His life story is now on permanent display at the Museum of Chinese in America, which reopened last week at 215 Centre Street. And it illuminates an almost forgotten chapter in American history, one that historians say has new relevance in the current crackdown on illegal immigration.上世纪50年代,一项名额有限的新移民项目使他得以重新启用自己的真名。他的人生故事现在成为了美国华人物馆(Museum of Chinese in America)的永久展览项目。该物馆于上周在曼哈顿中街215号重新开放。它展示了美国历史上一段几乎被遗忘的篇章。历史学家表示,这段历史与眼下针对非法移民的严厉打击具有新的关联性。“When we think about illegal immigration, we think about Mexican immigrants, whereas in fact illegal immigration cuts across all immigrant groups,” said Erika Lee, the author of “At America’s Gate: Chinese Immigration During the Exclusion Era, 1882-1943.” The book traces how today’s national apparatus of immigration restriction was created and shaped by efforts to keep out Chinese workers and to counter the tactics they developed to overcome the barriers.“说到非法移民,我们会想到墨西哥移民,而实际上非法移民涉及所有的移民群体,”《在美国的大门前面:1882-1943排华时期的中国移民》(At America’s Gate: Chinese Immigration During the Exclusion Era, 1882-1943)一书的作者李漪莲(Erika Lee)说。这本书追溯了如今限制移民的国家机构是如何因排斥中国工人和打击他们想出来的克障碍的策略而诞生,如何因之改变。The current parallels are striking, said Professor Lee, who teaches history at the University of Minnesota. And though some descendants of paper sons do not make the connection, many others have become immigrant rights advocates in law, politics or museums like this one, which hopes to draw a national audience to its new Chinatown space, designed by Maya Lin.在明尼苏达大学教授历史课的李教授说,目前的这种相似之处令人震惊。尽管若干“纸生仔”的后裔并不会做这样的联想,但他们当中也有很多人在法律界、政界或物馆领域成了移民权利的持者;这家美国华人物馆由林璎(Maya Lin)设计,希望能吸引全国参观者来到这处位于华埠的新址。“In the Chinese-American community, it has only been very recently that these types of histories have been made public,” Professor Lee said. “Even my own grandparents who came in as paper sons were very, very reluctant to talk about this.”“在华裔美国人社区,这类的历史近期才开始面向公众,”李教授说。“我的祖父母也是以‘纸生仔’的身份来到美国,就连他们也很不情愿谈起那段历史。”For Mr. Hom, who was a teenager when he arrived to work in his father’s laundry on Bleecker Street, the past is now a blur. “It was so long ago that I hardly remember,” he said, as his wife, Yoke Won Hom, 82, straightened the lapels of his suit for a photograph.洪先生来到父亲位于布利克街上的洗衣房工作时只有十几岁,如今这段往事在他心中已经模糊。“时间太久了,我都不记得了,”说话时,他的妻子——82岁的洪玉媛(Yoke Won Hom,音)正帮他整理西装的领子,准备拍照。But when his memory was still sharp, his daughter Dorothy transcribed 48 pages of his taped recollections, which became the basis of a four-minute first-person narrative produced by the museum. It is one of 10 such autobiographical s that form the museum’s core exhibit.但在他依旧清晰的当年,他的女儿多萝西(Dorothy)曾经把他的录音回忆录誊写为一份48页的文件,美国华人物馆以此为底本,制作了一份四分钟的第一人称叙述视频。此次展览的核心部分就是10份这样的自传视频。“To get into the U.S. under the laws back then, I had to pretend to be another person,” Mr. Hom wrote. His father had bought him immigration papers that included 32 pages of information he was to memorize in preparation for hours of interrogation at Ellis Island.“当时,为了合法进入美国,我得假装成另外一个人,”洪先生写道。他的父亲给他买来了移民文件,其中包括32页的信息,他必须花费几个小时背下来,应付埃里斯岛上的盘查。Such cheat sheets were part of an elaborate, self-perpetuating cycle of enforcement and evasion, historians say. The authorities kept ratcheting up their scrutiny and requirements for documents, feeding a lucrative network of fraud and official corruption as immigrants tried to show they were either merchants or native-born citizens, groups exempt from the exclusion laws.历史学家们说,这样的欺骗性文件是一个精心打造、长久存在的执法与犯法怪圈的一部分。当局持续加强对文件的仔细审查和要求;而移民又试图表明他们是商人或本地出生的居民,不属于排外法案的对象,从而滋生出利润丰厚的造假与官员腐败网络。Mr. Hom was allowed ashore as Hom Ngin Sing, a student and son of a native. In reality, his father had made it to the ed States only about six years earlier, through a similar subterfuge, like an estimated 90 percent of Chinese immigrants of the period.洪先生以“洪迎新”(Hom Ngin Sing,音)的身份入境,这个身份的主人是学生,一个本地居民的儿子。事实上,他的父亲6年前才靠着类似的诡计来到美国,据估计,当时大约90%的中国移民都是这样做的。Like many poor families from Taishan, a region that sent many emigrants to California during the Gold Rush of 1849, the Homs had deep ties to the ed States. Mr. Hom’s great-uncle, for example, died in the San Francisco earthquake of 1906.与许多来自台山的贫困家庭一样——在1849年的淘金潮期间,台山有很多人移民到了加利福尼亚——洪家在美国也有密切的亲戚关系。比如说,洪先生的大伯就是在1906年旧金山地震中丧生的。But unlike any other immigrant group, the Chinese were barred from naturalizing. That bar was part of the Chinese Exclusion Act, which was passed in 1882 after years of escalating anti-Chinese violence in the West spurred by recessions, labor strife and a culture of white supremacy.但是和很多移民群体不同,华人群体被排除在入籍之外。受到经济衰退、劳工纠纷与白人至上文化影响,美国西部的反华暴力事件几年来持续上升,最终导致1882年通过的《排华法案》(Chinese Exclusion Act),不得入籍也是其中的一部分。The law was expanded in 1892 with a measure that required all Chinese to register with the government and subjected them to deportation unless they proved legal residency, which required the testimony of at least one white witness.1892年,该法案又被延长生效年限,并要求所有华人在政府登记,除非他们能明自己的合法居留身份(要求有至少一名白人人的词),否则便有可能被驱逐出境。In a comment that reflected the tone in Congress, one senator asserted that the government had the right “to set apart for them, as we have for the Indians, a territory or reservation, where they should not break out to contaminate our people.”一位参议员断言,政府有权利“就像我们对待印第安人那样,把他们隔离在一个区域或一块保留地之中,让他们没法出来毒害我们的人民。”这个说法颇能反映议会的态度。Lawyers argued that the law was repugnant to “the very soul of the Constitution.” But it was upheld in a sweeping Supreme Court decision of 1893, Fong Yue Ting v. ed States, which held that the government’s power to deport foreigners, whether here legally or not, was as “absolute and unqualified” as the power to exclude them. That finding reverberates today, said Daniel Kanstroom, a legal scholar and the author of “Deportation Nation.”律师们称,这项法律与“宪法精神”相矛盾。但是,1893年,它得到最高法院在冯越亭诉美国(Fong Yue Ting v. ed States)案中做出的压倒性判决的持。那项判决认为,与排斥他们的权力一样,政府也具有“绝对的、不受限制的”驱逐外国人的权力——不管是否是合法居留。法律学者、《驱逐国度》(Deportation Nation)的作者丹尼尔·坎斯特卢姆(Daniel Kanstroom)称,那一判决在今天依然有影响。Long after exclusion laws were repealed by Congress in 1943, after China became a World War II ally, that vast power over noncitizens was deployed in raids against immigrants of various ethnic groups whose politics were considered suspect.1943年,在中国成为美国的“二战”盟友之后,国会废除了排华法律。但是在那之后很久,对非公民的巨大权力依然被用来对政治倾向可疑的各个种族移民进行突然搜查。In the 1950s, Mr. Hom and his relatives, like many Chinese New Yorkers, suddenly faced the exposure of their false papers in just such an operation. The government was tipped off by an informer in Hong Kong as part of a cold war effort to stop illegal immigration.在20世纪50年代,和纽约的很多华裔一样,洪和亲戚们的假身份在这样一次搜查中突然曝光。政府从香港的一名告密者那里获得了消息——这是政府阻止非法移民的冷战努力的一部分。“We were very scared,” said Mrs. Hom, who worked at the family’s laundry, first in the Bronx, then in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn. “Everybody was very worried on account maybe they all be sent back to China.”“我们非常害怕,”洪夫人说。她在家族的洗衣店工作,开始是在布朗克斯,后来是在布鲁克林的贝里奇。“大家非常担心会被一起遣送回中国。”But in a government “confession program,” Mr. Hom and some of his relatives admitted their illegal entry; because Mr. Hom had served in the military, he received citizenship papers within months.不过,在政府的一个“认罪项目”中,洪和一些亲戚承认自己非法入境。由于洪曾在军中役,所以几个月后,他收到了公民身份文件。As someone who never made it to high school, he now beams over his children’s professional successes and his six multiethnic grandchildren. His son, Tom, is a dentist in Manhattan; his daughter Mary is a physician in the Syracuse area, and Dorothy, an interior designer, works with her husband, Michael Strauss, a principal with Vanguard Construction, which recently completed DBGB Kitchen and Bar, Daniel Boulud’s latest restaurant.作为一个从未上过高中的人,洪现在很为孩子们的事业成功和6名多种族孙辈感到欣慰。他的儿子汤姆(Tom)是曼哈顿的一名牙医;女儿玛丽(Mary)是锡拉丘兹地区的一名内科医生;多萝西是室内设计师,和丈夫迈克尔·斯特劳斯(Michael Strauss)一起在Vanguard Construction建筑事务所工作,该公司前不久刚建好丹尼尔·布鲁德(Daniel Boulud)的最新餐馆DBGB Kitchen and Bar。At a time when debates about immigration often include the claim that “my relatives came the legal way,” referring to a period when there were few restrictions on any immigrants except the Chinese, the Hom family has a different perspective.曾经有一段时间,关于移民的辩论经常包括这样的声明,“我的亲戚是通过合法途径来的”。那段时期,政府对中国移民之外的其他移民几乎没有任何限制。洪一家人对此有不同观点。“One’s status being legal or illegal, it’s two seconds apart at any point,” Dorothy said. “For some, the process is more difficult than others.”“一个人的身份究竟是合法还是不合法,是相当微妙的事情,”多萝西说,“对有些人来说,这个过程要困难得多。” /201606/451139


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