2019年10月19日 08:59:55|来源:国际在线|编辑:放心报
Envoys in Paris have agreed an international accord to limit greenhouse gas emissions that marks a turning point in more than 20 years of effort to prevent dangerous levels of global warming.参加巴黎气候大会的代表们已经通过了一份旨在限制温室气体排放的国际协议,在国际社会力图防止全球变暖达到危险水平的长0多年的努力中,该协议标志着一个转折点。Delegates from nearly 200 nations cheered and hugged one another on the floor of the convention centre hall at Le Bourget airport, north of the city centre, as France’s foreign minister, Laurent Fabius, declared the new pact had been formally adopted, just before 7:30pm in Paris.在位于巴黎市中心以北布杰机场(Le Bourget airport)的会议中心大厅,当法国外长法比尤斯(Laurent Fabius)在法国当地时间周六晚上七点半前不久宣布这个新协议已经正式达成时,来自近200个国家的与会代表欢呼雀跃,互相拥抱。John Kerry, the US secretary of state, said: “This is a tremendous victory for all of our citizens...It is a victory for all of the planet and for future generations...I know that all of us will be better off for the agreement we have finalised here today.”美国国务卿约翰·克里(John Kerry)说:“这是我们所有公民的一个巨大胜利……这是整个地球和未来子孙后代的一大胜利……我知道,我们今天在这里所达成的协议将造福于我们所有人。”Xie Zhenhua, China’s chief climate negotiator, hailed the agreement as a “milestone in the global efforts to respond to climate change even if was not perfect and contained “some areas in need of improvement中国首席气候谈判代表解振华则称赞该协议是“全球应对气候变化努力的一个里程碑”。The new pact, to be known as the Paris Agreement, for the first time requires virtually every country in the world to set out its plans to avert climate change every five years.被称为“巴黎协定”(the Paris Agreement)的这个新协议首次要求世界上几乎所有国家每五年公布一次该国应对气候变化的计划。It includes an objective to limit global warming to “well below 2C above pre-industrial levelsand “pursue effortsto limit the temperature increase to 1.5C.该协议包括一个目标:即把全球变暖限制在“远低于前工业化水平之上2摄氏度”,并为把升温幅度控制在1.5摄氏度之内而努力。To meet these temperature targets, the draft says countries should aim to reach a “global peaking of greenhouse gas emissionsas soon as possible and “achieve a balance between anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases in the second half of this century为了实现这些温度目标,该协议草案指出,各国应着眼于尽快达到“温室气体排放量的全球峰值”,并在本世纪下半叶实现人类活动排放与自然吸收之间的平衡。来 /201512/415990The Canadian company behind a proposed pipeline that will carry oil from Canada to the ed States has asked the U.S. State Department to suspend its review of the controversial project.提出建设将加拿大石油输送到美国的输油管线的加拿大公司要求美国国务院暂停审核这个有争议的建设项目。TransCanada announced Monday that it had sent a letter to U. S. Secretary of State John Kerry to halt the review of Keystone XL due to an ongoing regulatory process in the midwestern state of Nebraska, the end point of the 1,900 kilometer pipeline. The company says it could take as long as a year before Nebraska authorities finish their review of the pipelines route.TransCanada公司星期一宣布已经致函美国国务卿克里,要求暂停审核Keystone XL输油管线的申请,理由是拟议中的输油管线终点内布拉斯加州管理当局正在进行审议。该输油管线长达1900公里。该公司表示,内布拉斯加州当局可能需要长年的时间才能完成其审核。The billion proposed pipeline has been under State Department review since TransCanada applied for permission in 2008. If Kerry agrees to TransCanadas request, it could delay a final decision until after President Barack Obama leaves office in January 2017.TransCanada公司2008年提出建设申请以来,美国国务院一直在审核这项将耗资80亿美元的输油管线建设计划。如果克里国务卿同意该公司的请求,有关的最后决定就可能推迟到奥巴马总统017月离任之后。Keystone XL would transport more than 800,000 barrels of oil from the tar sands of Alberta across Montana and South Dakota to southern Nebraska, and from there connect to existing pipelines to carry the oil to refineries along the U.S. Gulf Coast.Keystone XL输油管线建成之后将每天把80万多桶从加拿大阿尔伯塔省油砂中提炼的石油输送到内布拉斯加州,其间穿过蒙大拿州和南达科他州,然后通过现有的输油管送到美国墨西哥湾的炼油厂。The project has put Obama in the political crosshairs between environmentalists who claim the project will worsen the impact of climate change and supporters who say it will bring needed jobs and boost the nations energy independence.这一建设项目使奥巴马在环保主义者和建设项目持者之间左右为难。环保主义者声言,这一项目将使气候变暖的形势更加恶化。而持者则说,这一建设项目将给美国带来迫切需要的就业,还能加强美国的能源自给。A cross section of environmental activists issued a flood of statements accusing TransCanada of biding its time until after the 2016 presidential elections, in hopes a more supportive administration succeeds Obama in the White House.许多环保活动人士发出许多声明,指责TransCanada公司试图拖延时间,把建设审核拖延016年总统选举之后,以便获得奥巴马的继任者政府的更多持;In defeat, TransCanada is asking for extra time from the referees, and clearly hoping they’ll get a new head official after the election,; said Bill McKibben, founder of the online group 350.org. ;It’s time for the current umpire, President Obama, to reject this project once and for all.;网络环保组织350.org的创始人麦克基本说,“面对失败,TransCanada公司要求延长时间,显然是希望在美国大选之后有一个新总统。目前是现任的裁判奥巴马总统彻底否决这一建设项目的时候了。”White House spokesman Josh Earnest told reporters Monday that the president intends to make a final decision on Keystone XL before he leaves office.白宫发言人欧内斯特星期一对记者说,奥巴马总统打算在卸任之前对Keystone XL输油管线建设问题作出最终决定。来 /201511/408032

The US will continue to conduct “routineoperations in the South China Sea, the head of the US Pacific Command told a Chinese audience on Tuesday, even as he called for closer ties between the American and Chinese militaries.周二,美国太平洋司令部司令海军上将哈里哈里斯(Admiral Harry Harris)对中国听众表示,美国将继续在南中国海展开“例行”行动,尽管他同时也呼吁美中两国军队加强联系。Admiral Harry Harris said US naval operations near territory claimed by China were not “a threat to any nationbut were designed to defend freedom of navigation in international waters.哈里斯说,美国海军在靠近中国声称拥有主权的地方展开的行动“不对任何国家构成威胁”,而是旨在捍卫国际水域的航行自由。“We are making it clear that... will continue to fly, sail and operate whenever and wherever international law allows,he said in a speech at Peking University’s Stanford Center. “The South China Sea is not and will not be an exception.”“我们明确指出……美军将继续在国际法允许的一切时段和地方飞行、航行和展开行动,”他在北京大学斯坦福中心致辞称,“南中国海现在不是例外,以后也不会是。”Adm Harris was speaking in Beijing a week after a US destroyer sailed within 12 nautical miles of an artificial island in the South China Sea that is claimed by China and where it is constructing an airfield that could have military use. China reacted angrily to the US exercise, accusing the US of interfering in territorial disputes.哈里斯在北京发表此番言论的一周前,一艘美国驱逐舰驶入了南中国海一座人工岛周边12海里水域内。中国声称拥有该岛的主权,并正在岛上修建一座可能具有军事用途的机场。中国对美国的行动报以愤怒的回应,谴责美国干涉领土争端。The US navy says the mission, which it insists was a “freedom of navigation operation was not designed to challenge China’s land claims in the South China Sea, where five other countries also contest many of the islands and land features. Instead, the US says it wanted to show that artificial islands such as the reclaimed land at Subi Reef where the USS Lassen sailed do not confer rights to the seas surrounding them.美国海军坚称这是一次“航行自由行动”,不是为了挑战中国在南中国海的领土声索。除了中国,还有五个国家声称对南中国海的许多岛屿和地物拥有主权。美国表示,它其实是想表明,人工岛——比如中国在渚碧Subi Reef)填海造出的岛——不会使造岛方在岛屿周边水域拥有任何权利。美国拉森号(USS Lassen)驱逐舰驶近的就是渚碧礁。Behind the sparring over international law is a broader contest between the US and China in the western Pacific. China’s ambitious programme of land reclamation in the South China Sea is one element of a strategy to slowly shift the balance of power in a region that has been dominated for seven decades by the US Navy.在这场围绕国际法展开的争吵的背后,是美中在西太平洋的一场更大的较量。中国雄心勃勃的南中国海填海造岛计划,是它缓慢改变西太平洋力量平衡的战略的一部分。美国海军主宰西太平洋已0年之久。Although Adm Harris, who earlier this year accused China of trying to create a “great wall of sandin the South China Sea, issued a strong defence of the US operation last week, his remarks in Beijing were relatively restrained. He said it was important for US and Chinese military leaders to have “personal and candid conversations今年早些时候,哈里斯曾指责中国企图在南中国海构筑一道“沙长城”。尽管哈里斯上周对美国的行动进行了强烈辩护,但他在北京的讲话较为克制。他表示,美中两军领导人展开“私下的坦诚对话”很重要。Ashton Carter, US defence secretary, is expected to meet his Chinese counterpart General Chang Wanquan later on Tuesday on the sidelines of a meeting of Southeast Asian defence ministers in Kuala Lumpur and where the South China Sea will figure high on the agenda.周二晚些时候,预计美国国防部长阿什顿愠Ashton Carter)将利用在吉隆坡举行的东盟防长会议的间隙会晤中国国防部长常万全上将。南中国海问题将在此次会议议程中占据重要位置。来 /201511/407817

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